- May 14, 2020
5.2 and 5.3 Discussion
5.2 AND 5.3 DISCUSSION 1
5.2and 5.3 Discussion
5.2Discussiona.Nutritional Needs of young children and Appropriate Feeding Habits
Young children’s nutritional needs are often a priority forparents. Among the young kids, growth and body health stand to be themost targeted reasons for choosing the best nutritional requirements.Young children, therefore, require foods mainly rich in vitamins,protein and carbohydrates (Brown & Isaacs, 2011). The choice,sizing and portioning of these foods directly impact on theirconsumption safety and practices. To prevent choking, standard sizesshould be used at a time.
b.Nutritional needs among teenagers
Unlike in the caseof young children, teenagers require foods that mainly support growthand body development. This is the stage at which adolescence sets in.Therefore, their diets should be composed of foods that provideadditional calories, calcium, enough protein and iron (Beck, 2012).In addition, parents should not be the determining factor of how muchor what the teenagers consume. Instead, peers should be seen as themajor determining factor in addition to media information and bodyimage concerns.
5.3.Discussiona.Nutritional needs for older adults
At old age, the body requirements vary among different adults. Mostimportantly, bone health should be prioritized. During this age, thebody needs foods rich in calcium and vitamin D to support bonehealth. In addition, foods nutritionally fit in vitamin B-12 arenecessary in the diet. With high risks of diseases such as heartattack at old age, consumption of fiber is vital and inclusion ofpotassium may also be critical in preventing occurrence of high bloodpressure (Brown & Isaacs, 2011). As a precaution, the choice offats consumed and regulation of the same is important at this stage.
d.Suspected Connections between nutrition diet and disease
Chronic diseases such as obesity, cancer, dental infections andcardiovascular diseases rank highest among causes of deaths in theworld. These are conditions that are primarily determined by dietinclusions. Hunger, malnutrition and poor nutritional and eatinghabits are the top causes of these chronic diseases. It is,therefore, possible to prevent the occurrence of such diseasesthrough maintenance of a balanced and healthy diet.
Beck, L. (2012). Healthyeating for preteens and teens: The ultimate guide to diet, nutrition,and food.
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Brown, J. E., & Isaacs, J. S.(2011). Nutrition through thelife cycle. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth,CENGAGE Learning.