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Abortions among African American Young Adults

Abortionsamong African American Young Adults

TheCDC defines a legally induced abortion as that which has beenperformed by a licensed clinician, nurse, midwife or a physician withthe intention of terminating an ongoing pregnancy (CDC,2016). Statistics shows that abortion has always been part of womenlives because nearly 700,000 cases are reported annually. The mostaffected aggregates are women under the age of 30 years(Pewtrusts.org,2016). A closer look into the matter reveals that these statisticstend to vary across different races and also depending on theirfinancial status. CDC (2016) states that an African-America woman ismore likely to have an abortion compared to their white and Latinocounterparts. Several factors could have contributed to thesedisparities. Studies, for instance, suggest that increased cases ofabortion among African-Americans is due to low economic status andincome levels compared to the rest of the population (Paterno, Hayat,Wenzel &amp Campbell, 2016). The majority of African Americanpopulation are still affected by workplace discrimination and areforced to work in low-income jobs. Additionally, studies have foundout that there tends to of discrimination and stigmatization whensome women come out and inform the public that they have ever had anabortion. They fear being looked down upon to and this has preventedyounger girls from having living role models of people who managed toovercome their personal life challenges. In low-income families, if ayoung teenage girl gets pregnant, the family may consider abortingthe unborn child because of financial constraints. On the other hand,lack of adequate finance required to bring up a child and managehospital bills may also propel a young woman to consider abortion.Lastly, in some cases, some teenage fathers of the unborn babies haveoften denied responsibility hence putting the young leader under alot of pressure to get rid of the pregnancy.Statistics from Pewresearch center reveal that in the year 2015, African-American womenwere likely to have unintended pregnancies because of high povertylevels, limited access to contraceptives and lack of proper educationon safe sex (Pewtrusts.org,2016). It is evident that there is a relation between high abortionrates, income levels and contraceptive use among youngAfrican-America women.

Problemstatement

Casesof abortion among young African American adults are very high. Recentstudies claim that African-American women aged below 30 years arefour times as likely to have an abortion compared to their whitecounterparts (Raiford et al. 2014). Abortion can have both emotional,psychological and physical effect on parents. Some factors that havebeen highlighted and are said to contribute to high abortion ratesamong African-Americans include poverty and unplanned parenthood. Inorder minimize cases of abortion, there is the need for economicempowerment of the affected aggregates, encouragement of safe sex andmass education (Twenge, Sherman &amp Wells, 2015). This can be donethrough the creation of employment opportunities in areas where themajority of Africans are staying, and motivating girls and youngwomen to start up their investments and employ others. This researchpaper will discuss abortion cases among young African-American adultsaged between 18-25 years. It will also highlight some of the riskfactors that have led to these disparities in abortion rates andpossible management strategies for abortion in women aged 18-35. Itwill use credible academic journals and statistics on abortions toshow the existing relation between high abortion rates, income levelsand contraceptive use among young African-America women.

Researchquestions

  1. What is the relationship between frequent abortions and low economic statuses among African American young adults between ages 18- 25?

  2. What is the relationship between unplanned pregnancies and the use of contraceptives as a preventative measure among African American young adults between ages 18-25?&nbsp

NullHypothesis

  1. There is no relationship between abortions and low economic status among African American young adults between ages of 18- 25.

AlternativeHypothesis

  1. Higher occurrences of abortions have been used in place of preventative contraceptives among African American young adults between ages 18 -25.

References

CDC.(2016). UnintendedPregnancy Prevention | Unintended Pregnancy | Reproductive Health|Cdc.gov.Retrieved fromhttps://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/unintendedpregnancy/

Paterno,M. T., Hayat, M. J., Wenzel, J., &amp Campbell, J. C. (2016). AMixed Methods Study of Contraceptive Effectiveness in a RelationshipContext among Young Adult, Primarily Low-Income African AmericanWomen.&nbspJournalof racial and ethnic health disparities,1-11.

Pewtrusts.org.(2016). Racialand Ethnic Disparities Persist in Teen Pregnancy Rates.Retrieved fromhttp://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/blogs/stateline/2015/3/03/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-persist-in-teen-pregnancy-rates

Raiford,J. L., Herbst, J. H., Carry, M., Browne, F. A., Doherty, I., &ampWechsberg, W. M. (2014). Low Prospects and High Risk: StructuralDeterminants of Health Associated with Sexual Risk Among YoungAfrican American Women Residing in Resource‐Poor Communities in theSouth.&nbspAmericanjournal of community psychology,&nbsp54(3-4),243-250.

Twenge,J. M., Sherman, R. A., &amp Wells, B. E. (2015). Changes in Americanadults’ sexual behavior and attitudes, 1972–2012.&nbspArchivesof sexual behavior,&nbsp44(8),2273-2285.