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Adolescent Physical Development

AdolescentPhysical Development

AdolescentPhysical Development

Trendsin Adolescent Puberty

Inthe past 100 years, the most recognizable trend is the reduction inthe age of puberty onset. For instance, studies done in Europe showthat the age of first menstruation has reduced by up to 3 years.Additionally, there are other common trends which include increasedaccidents, injury and diseases as well as economic and educationaltrends and most of all, technology availability and accessibility. Assuch, due to lifestyle changes, more adolescents are obese and mayalso experience other related illnesses [ CITATION Ale15 l 1033 ].Furthermore, an increasingly large number of adolescents and youthengage in risky behaviors such as crime, alcohol and substance abuse,violence, unprotected sex, early parenting as well as dropping out ofschool.

PossibleReasons for these Trends

Variousexplanations are leading to these tendencies, and they are related tosocial, economic, psychological and also biological. Social changescausing such patterns range from poverty, homelessness, andunemployment, to lack of education and poor health services.Additionally, the diverse opportunities in the contemporary worldoffer room for activities such as sport, music, art, travel andshopping all of which impact the lives of people in this age group.Economically, the availability of financial resources necessitatesunhealthy eating and sedentary lifestyle leading to conditions suchas obesity, diabetes, and predisposition to cardiovascular diseases.Concerning the reduction in puberty onset age, attributable factorsinclude public health success, improved social structures, betterchildhood nutrition, reduced infections and better-living conditionsmore so in the developed countries. Social reasons such as stress,family disruption, parent absenteeism, divorce and single parenthoodhave been found to not only accelerate puberty but also increasechances of alcohol and drug use, violence and crime among adolescents(Caskey &amp Anfara, 2014).

Effectsof Early and Late Puberty on

Earlypuberty is broadly described by the length between the ages of 10 and14 years. During this period, the adolescent will most likelyexperience the commencement of physical changes. In most cases aphysical spurt will begin, followed closely by the growth anddevelopment of sex organs. Secondary sexual characteristics will alsostart to appear. These changes include the increase of body hair,deepening of the voice for males while females will experience breastenlargement, widening of hips, and changes in the labia minora.During late puberty, between 15 and 19 years of age, the body isstill developing, and the significant physical changes become fullydeveloped. As such, the visible changes are usually observable andcan be a cause for anxiety and excitement to the individualsexperiencing the development transformations [ CITATION Ale15 l 1033 ].

Effectsof Physical Development on Adolescent’s Classroom Behavior

Physicaldevelopment has profound implications on how an adolescent behaves.Apparently, the puberty signs can make girls famous hence leading toan active social life including early dating. Likewise, boys tend touse their gained masculinity to participate more in sport. Thisdiversion of interest and additional activities can have adverseeffects on schoolwork. Additionally, physical development may causeinitial discomfort such as coping with periods and other issuesrelated to puberty adjustment. Mood swings, the pride of beingconsidered grown and the pressures of social interactions can deterclassroom interest (Caskey &amp Anfara, 2014). However, the growthmay also instill a sentiment that now one has grown up and isexpected to behave so. Therefore, some adolescents may use thisviewpoint as a stepping stone towards a focus on education andlearning.

Effectof Physical Development on Cognitive and Socioemotional Behavior inthe Classroom

Duringadolescent physical growth, brain development is a key factor that isexhibited. Therefore, environmental stimulation can be observed.Schooling and culture play a vital role especially in the moralreasoning which includes idealism, criticism, argumentativeness,indecision, self-consciousness and the assumption of specialness. Insome cases, the individuals may become assertive and take aleadership role in class. Due to the presence of peer influence, theadolescent can be lured into activities that cause lack of interestin classwork [ CITATION Ale15 l 1033 ].

ModellingProper Technology Etiquette

Inthe contemporary society, technology is part and parcel ofcommunication, entertainment and education. While it is important tohave the digital platforms, it is likewise important for adolescentsto understand how to use it in the most responsible and safe approachpossible. First and foremost, appropriate social skills andboundaries have to be developed. Mindfulness and self-awareness mustbe emphasized. It focuses on critical thinking and decision-makingduring communication. It also involves an in-depth comprehension ofthe consequences, responses and the view of the other partyconcerning a particular post. Secondly, the language and social skilletiquette must be taught. These include the tone, grammar, andcareful consideration of the audience hence elimination of possiblemisunderstanding, embarrassment or frustration. Lastly,professionalism and courtesy must be upheld at all times (Sullivan etal., 2014). As such the feelings of recipient’s requireconsideration before sending any information.

CorrectingInappropriate Use of Technology

Severalmethods have been applied to prevent technology abuse in theclassroom including banning of gadgets. However, some people havecriticized this approach as one that doesn’t solve the problem.Other possible methods that can be used include the creation oflesson plans for proper technology use and the creation ofaccountability, having “digital Sabbaths” where smartphones areput away once in a while for more winning projects and the teachingof proper usage habits (Sullivan et al., 2014). Teachers areencouraged to create curiosity outside the digital sphere, forinstance, using hands-on learning, discussions, and projects andtasks that do not require digital devices.


Caskey, M., &amp Anfara, A.V. (2014). Developmental Characteristics of Young Adolescents. Westerville: Association for Middle Level Education.

Curtis, A. C. (2015). Defining Adolescence. Journal of Adolescent and Family Health, 8-43.

Sullivan, M.A., Johnson, B., Owens, L. &amp Conway, R. (2014). Punish Them or Engage Them? Teachers’ Views of Unproductive Student Behaviours in the Classroom. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 7-15.