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Adoption Abstract

ADOPTION OF CHILDREN 8

Adoption

Abstract

Theadoption of kids seems to be more fashionable today. Citing manyreasons, parents choose to adopt children. Though, for this to besuccessful, there has to be biological parents who are willing togive their children for adoption, either orphaned or abandonedchildren. These parents also give their children because of a numberof reasons. Notably, the process has become more rampant in moderndays. The diversity of cultural practices that is experienced todayis the main reason as to why adoption has been embraced. Peopleshould consider adoption as an appropriate method to own kids.

KeyWords: Kids Adoption, Parenting, Family, Adoptive Parents, LegalParameters

AsI grew up, I always wished that one day I would have kids of my own. Though, something crossed my mind recently that got me thinking aboutthe idea of not having biological children. I was watchingtelevision, and there was a topic concerning the adoption ofchildren. It had never crossed my mind before that someone could becomfortable with the kids that he or she does not own biological.There are very many reasons that can make someone think of adopting. Just like having biological kids, adoption has become a way that anindividual can own children (Muhammad &amp Themistocleous 2012).Adoption is considered as one of the forms of child ownership becauseit has become more popular today.

Adoptionis a process of child ownership that does not necessarily requirethat one to have biological children. Adoption has existed forthousands of years. During the early ages, wealthy rulers could adoptchildren based on many things. Factors such as talents, poverty couldmake a leader acquire kids using this process. Kings who were unableto have their kids could frequently adopt. The trend continued tothe medieval ages where anyone willing to take care of children couldjump the opportunity. During the middle ages, there was one famouscase of adoption that was unique. Alexander, the conqueror, wasadopted by a queen who wanted him to take over the mantle ofleadership when she died (Klockau, 2013). Nevertheless, in moderntimes, this concept has become increasingly popular. I was motivatedto find more on why many people today choose to adopt instead ofhaving their biological children. What amused me most is the factthat even those who got kids decided not to adopt.

Idiscovered that several reasons lead to people giving up theirchildren for adoption. For instance, when the parents are unable totake care of the upkeep of the child, they can choose to give them upfor adoption. The biological parents mostly do it because of personalreasons or cannot afford to bring up the child due to financialconstraints. Potential parents who are able and willing to take careof children take them and make them theirs. Abandoned kids can beadopted by responsible adults who provide for their basic needs. Such children are prevalent in hospitals, children`s’ homes or evenstreets. Children are abandoned under different circumstances andusually, lack the parental care necessary for the physical and mentaldevelopment of the child. Other kids may also be orphaned in caseboth parents die, thus, leaving them alone. Such children are takenby government institutions or private entities under the care ofvolunteers (Moriguchi, 2012).

Additionally,people adopt children because they lack the biological ability tohave their children. Such people, therefore, opt for taking a childwho they call their own after following the required legalprocedures. Apparently, infertility may occur in a marriage situationwhereby people marry and later realize that they can not havechildren of their own. Therefore to save their marriage or make itcomplete, the couple decides to adopt. Moreover, an individual mayrealize they can not have children without necessarily being married.Such people will adopt, stay with the children as theirs and decidenot to get married (Moriguchi, 2012).

Ahealth-related complication may jeopardize efforts by an individualto get pregnant. Medical conditions such as epilepsy andheart-related complications may lead a person to avoid pregnancy.Such people may be leading a normal life and have normal humaninstincts of having families of their own (Klockau, 2013). They,therefore, decide to adopt to start a family.

Moreover,people may adopt kid(s) because of religious reasons. Religiousdoctrines usually base their ideologies on helping others. Adoptionis a way which is considered helping those in need. In the Bible, forinstance, there are many situations where it is advocated to care fororphans. People, therefore, have the urge to help any needy child wholacks the privilege of a family based on their Christian teaching(Klockau, 2013).

Adoptionis also very common to same-sex couples. In the current world,marriage between people of the same gender has become normality.Biologically, considering the marriage binds them to each other, suchpeople can not have kids. Gays and lesbians, therefore, considergoing for adoption to have children. The move is an effort to ensurethat the LGBT also lead a normal family life like that of otherpeople in the society (Klockau, 2013).

Somepeople have also been known to adopt because they got adopted aswell. Adults who were usually adopted feel like they should as welladopt. Considering other reasons for adoption, the main reason suchadults adopt is that the adoption experience they had brought apositive effect into their lives. They also know that through theexperience they had, adoption leads to a normal family life. They,therefore, feel like they should also make a difference in anotherchild’s life as well who, like them, feels the loneliness of nothaving a family (Moriguchi, 2012).

Adoptionmay also be an option in a situation whereby a couple chooses the sexof their child. Parents may be unable to sire a particular gender ofa child they need. Situations like this make them decide to look fora better alternative, which is usually adoption. It normally happensafter several attempts to have a particular gender. They, therefore,adopt a child who will become theirs by law. Such parents may alsodevelop feelings over a child if they happen to interact with them incase they visit a place such as a children’s home. Such affectionmay lead to adoption (Robinson, 2012).

Irealized that there are legal procedures required in the approvalprocesses. To begin with, one has to select the agency that he or shewishes to get assistance in realizing the dream. Research should bedone well to the extent of finding parents who have adopted from theagency before. It should possess the required documentation from thegovernment. Laws help in streamlining the process of adoption as wellas enhancing the safety of kids. The next step involves a home studyof the final home of the adopted child. An employee from the agencywill pay a visit to the family and make a report on the suitabilityof the adoption. After selecting the suitable child to be adopted, anexchange program is then arranged whereby the necessary documentsincluding the addresses for the Childs final home are presented tothe agency. Visiting the child should be done regularly to ensurethey get used to their future guardians. Finalizing of the legaldocumentation is done which is followed by the actual adoption of thechild into the foster family (Robinson, 2012).

Asmuch as I am considering adoption, I realized that it does not comewithout its challenges which I am well prepared for. For instance,the child may find it hard to blend into the family considering theyknow they were adopted. Such kids are usually in their teenage yearsor between the ages of five and ten. These children may also competewith the kids they find in these families, for example for attentionand recognition. As a result, these kids may turn to bepsychologically affected and may sometimes turn into indisciplineacts like crime, alcohol, and others (Robinson, 2011).

Conclusion

Tosum up, adoption is an issue that needs broad considerations like Ihave made before venturing into it. It involves an adult who has madea full decision to take care of an adopted child. These kids haveeither been abandoned, orphaned or can not be well taken care of bytheir birth parents. People, therefore, decide to adopt them due tofactors such as infertility, religious practices, preferring aparticular gender, just to name a few. Legal procedures for theadoption are also followed to ensure that it is conducted accordingto the requirements of the law. However, challenges associated withadoption such as psychological problems to the child may affect theirstay in their new home. Regardless, I am willing to adopt as it is agood step considering it has more benefits than limitations and alsoon humanitarian grounds.

References

Diagne,A. (2011). Takinga new look at empirical models of adoption: Average treatment effectestimation of adoption rates and their determinants.St. Louis: Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1697466465?accountid=45049

Klockau,L. L. (2013). A primer on adoption law.Family Advocate, 31(3),16-21. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/217991249?accountid=45049

Moriguchi,C. (2012). Theevolution of child adoption in the United States, 1950-2010: Aneconomic analysis of historical trends.St. Louis: Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1698488465?accountid=45049

Muhammad,M. K., &amp Themistocleous, M. (2012). Investigating EAI adoption inthe local government authorities.Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 3(2),190-212. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17506160910960577

Robinson,W. J. (2011). Adoption expenses credit: Foreign-born child.The Tax Adviser, 37(10),571-572. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/194958582?accountid=45049