- May 26, 2020
Aircraft Operational Control
AIRCRAFT OPERATIONAL CONTROL 5
Theaircraft operations are perceived to be the most complicatedtransportation systems as well as complex artificial systems(Gershkoff, 2016). Generally, they are challenged to operateeffectively and efficiently. Passengers seek to be provided withefficient transportation systems between a mass of origins andendpoints at specific dates and time, whereas the crew membersoperate the aircraft and deliver services to these passengers. Theprimary goal of an aircraft operations control center is to preventcollisions and to ensure smooth flow of air traffic at all timesregardless of the weather conditions.
AircraftOperations Control by the Operations Control Center
Efficientairline performance systems don’t just occur as they are subjectedto numerous operational difficulties. Some occurrences such asweather problem and the shutting down of a key hub airport within theUS can lead to serious disruptions which can have significantdownstream impact causing delays to other legs (Gershkoff, 2016).Each day comes with its set of challenges whereby the personnel isobliged to immediately respond while trying to achieve the safest andefficient movement of passengers and goods.
Forthis reasons, the advisory circular is put in place to provide theaviation safety inspectors and the aircraft management personnel withcrucial information to reflect about an internal assessment ofoperational control systems. This is a vital tool that also providesthe acceptable means in which flight operators can conform with theaircraft operational control functions as laid out under the Title 14of the Code of Federal Regulations. Following cases of fatalaccidents that involved the US certified commercial aircraft due toinvestigation issues, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)was tasked with the role of addressing air carriers operationalcontrol protocol and procedures (U.S. Department of Transportation,2010). The NTSB requires the certified management officers toroutinely carry out an investigation of air carriers dispatch systemsand maintenance control personnel in order to make sure that theirtraining and operational instructions offer proper dispatch supportfunctions to pilots who face glitches and failures that threaten thesafety of the aircraft (Deployment Activities, 2016). As such, theFAA is advised to instruct air carriers to discontinue from proposingcontinued flights at the interest of aircraft arrangement.
Itis highly recommended that air carriers should implement the systemsoperations control center as a way to incorporate operational controland business management systems. In this case, the aircraft personnelis responsible for coordinating every process in the systemsoperations control center. This team serves as the support mechanismto the air carrier dispatcher to ensure that operations carried outare safe (IATA, 2014). In relation to the climatic conditions, it isimportant to obtain an operational control weather data. Weather datasources can be obtained from the National Weather Service (NWS) andany other sources approved by the airline administrators. Anyforecasts provided by other sources other than the NWS must beapproved by authorized administrators as stated in the A010 of theOpSpecs as an Enhanced Weather Information Systems provider (U.S.Department of Transportation, 2010). Weather data from these sourcesmust provide all relevant information for all weather forecasts.Similarly, certificate holders have sought to acquire the approvedenhanced weather information systems which allow the air carrierswith operational flexibility for climate reporting. Weather relatedaspects are crucial in determining the variability of the capacitiesof runway systems.
Duringemergency situations, the airline’s dispatcher workload isincreased which may result in errors that could threaten the safetyof other flights and may reduce the operational controls. In theoccurrence of such events, emergency handling procedures and manualsare of great significance which provides options as to whether toisolate the situation, transfer the responsibility to anotherqualified aircraft dispatcher or use additional resources to thesituation. Likewise, emergencies and training programs are deemedefficient since they address the dispatcher and the PIC`sresponsibilities in declaring emergency situations which requirepersonnel to react with immediate decisions and actions (IATA, 2014).
Inconclusion, the advisory circular offers a wide range of recommendedpractices and procedures. They provide adequate information on thedevelopment of sophisticated operational control systems. As such,each certificate holder should be able to coordinate and integrateits systems in a manner that aligns with its size, complexity, andavailability of resources.
DeploymentActivities, Part III, Chapter 303 – USTRANSCOM. (2016, June).Retrieved November 21, 2016, fromhttp://www.ustranscom.mil/dtr/part-iii/dtr_part_iii_303.pdf
Gershkoff,I. (2016, September). Whitepaper AIRLINE DISRUPTION MANAGEMENT -amadeus.com. Retrieved November 21, 2016, fromhttp://www.amadeus.com/documents/airline/airline-disruption-management/airline-disruption-management-whitepaper-2016.pdf
IATA.(2014). Operations Control (OCC). Airline Cost Conference Geneva.Retrieved fromhttp://www.iata.org/whatwedo/workgroups/documents/acc-2014-gva/occ-3-occ.pdf
U.S.Department of Transportation. (2010, June 28). AC 120-101 – Part 121Air Carrier Operational Control. Retrieved November 21, 2016, fromhttps://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC%20120-101.pdf