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American Nurses Association Standards of Care


AmericanNurses Association Standards of Care

AmericanNurses Association Standards of Care

TheAmerican Nurses Association (ANA) standards of care are essential inenhancing group performance in the nursing practice. The standards ofcare outline various codes of ethics that promote collaborative careamong clinicians in group settings. A practice such as effectivecommunication among members of a health care team is crucial toadvancing the nursing profession. Notably, this is crucial becauseeffective communication is an important mechanism that promotesunderstanding in diverse team-based settings (Corey,Corey &amp Corey, 2013, p. 77).The General Systems Theory works with ANA standards of care andelements of effective communication since it integrates these areasto facilitate the identification of useful patterns in professionalnursing practice. The paper examines ANA nursing practices andinterventions that aim at making clinician groups better, thusimproving teamwork in different settings. The discussion will alsoinclude utilization of the General Systems Theory (GST) for activecollaboration among team members using the American NursesAssociation standards of care.

ANAStandards of Care as a Consideration for Nursing

Effectiveparticipation by nurses in a team is essential in bringing togetherinter-professional input and experience that is crucial in addressingthe complex needs of health care. Shortage of professional nursingstaff also necessitates nurses to have an in-depth understanding ofthe reasons why participation in collaborative care is necessary(Corey,Corey &amp Corey, 2013, p. 89).Group access is crucial in ensuring that nurses who have a wealth ofexperience in the profession bring their skills on board. TheAmerican Nurses Association standard of care offers directions on hownursing practitioners can advance the core objectives of the jobthrough group situations that provide care to patients in factions.The ANA standard of care provides guidelines for using self-knowledgein team-based settings. According to Corey,Corey, and Corey (2013, p. 76),nurses should use their individual experiences to find the bestmechanisms for addressing the complex needs of patient care. For thisto be possible, nurses who work in group settings have to consulteach other continuously. Such consultations are necessary for makingclear, evidence-based decisions that would best address the needs ofpatients. These decisions also have a significant impact on futurenursing practice.

UtilizingPersonal and Professional Ethical Codes for Promoting EffectiveParticipation in Diverse Group Settings

Indiverse group settings, nursing professionals are supposed to adhereto ethical codes of professionalism for the efficacy of collaborativecare to be realized within specific durations. Notably, this isimportant since nurses could have differing interpretations of ANAcodes of ethics in group settings. ANA standards of care emphasizethat all nurses have to remain responsible for all aspects of patientcare (AmericanNurses Association, 2011, p. 103). Therefore, this means that nurses in a team-based setting have toadhere to ANA professional codes of conduct the same way they wouldwhen practicing at the individual level. For instance, ANA standardsof professional practice require that nurses have to monitor theirpatients regularly after administering pharmacological modes oftreatment to identify potential side effects of medications.According to AmericanNurses Association(2011, p. 98), the ANA’s ethical codes make it obligatory fornurses to administer only drugs that are expected to have the leastpossible side effects and high positive outcomes. As such, just asnursing professionals would embrace such ethical codes in individualsettings, they must do the same in group-based surroundings (Corey,Corey, &amp Corey, 2013, p. 113).In essence, this would make teams of nurses involved in collaborativecare to feel personally responsible for any eventualities that mayoccur due to professional negligence.

UtilizingElements of Effective Communication Patterns Needed among Health CareTeam Members

Certainelements of effective communication patterns are crucial in promotingcompetency of members and the entire process of collaboration in aparticular health care team. Knowledge of these elements is crucialin maintaining high standards of patient care. These elementsinclude having open and accessible lines of communication, use ofclear and concise language, listening keenly before responding toissues, as well as the use of respectful language (Corey,Corey &amp Corey, 2013, p. 116).These elements of effective communication can encourage members of agroup to work together as a unified team. Nurses can apply elementsof effective communication patterns to enhance cultural competencycollaboration among team members. For example, nurses can embrace aculture of listening to each other’ opinions. Allender,Rector, and Warner(2011, p. 101) discussed that such a culture also enhances nurses’own mental health during their practice. Besides, nurses will have anincreased chance of minimizing errors that could arise due tofrequent misunderstandings. Concerning effective advocacy forclients, nurses can utilize elements of efficient communicationpatterns to ensure each nurse participating in the group presents theneeds of their clients in the most appropriate way that every workercan understand (Allender,Rector, and Warner, 2011, p. 117).Therefore, elements of effective communication patterns facilitateefficient patient care.

NursingInterventions That Will Make a Group Better

Nursinginterventions are useful in making a group better, thus enabling themto operate efficiently. For example, groups can align their standardsof practice to evidence-based nursing. Using this technique, membersof a group can decide to offer patient care using only techniquesthat have previously yielded results in other settings for similarcases they are handling (Allender,Rector &amp Warner, 2011, p. 113).Another relevant intervention is compliance to ANA standards of carethat directs professionalism among nurses. Also, delegation of dutiesplays a pivotal role in improving the efficacy of a group. Inessence, when nursing leaders in-charge of groups delegate dutiesregarding the individual strengths and weaknesses of members, they inturn, make the faction better since every associate understands theirrole.

SucceedingDespite having Disruptive, Non-Functioning or Mal-Functioning Members

Groupscan succeed despite the presence of malfunctioning, disruptive, ornon-functional members who may act as an impediment to therealization of a group’s predetermined goals of providing care.Various reasons can make team members not to execute their functionsappropriately. According to Corey,Corey, and Corey(2013, p. 97), some of the reasons are due to professionalnegligence. In spite of the presence of such members in team-basedclinical settings, nursing groups can succeed in providing patientcare. Teams usually succeed by having a group coordinator nurse whocan delegate duties to dedicated members of a set (Corey,Corey &amp Corey, 2013, p. 112).Typically, the delegation of such tasks happens when non-functioningmembers cannot do their part. Another way in which groups succeed isthrough finding appropriate replacements for members who areseemingly disruptive. Such replacements aim at reducing the negativeimpact that disruptive and non-functioning members can have.

Applicationof the General Systems Theory (GST)

Collaborativecare groups can utilize the General Systems Theory to improveteamwork among members using the American Nurses Association standardof care. According to Allender,Rector, and Warner(2011. p. 102), the General Systems Theory aims at discovering usefulpatterns in professional nursing practice. For instance, GST canassist groups in identifying socio-cultural practices that interferewith how individual nurses can participate effectively in team-basedsettings. Therefore, nurses involved in team nursing can use thismodel to identify and correct possible threats that could limit theefficacy of their collaborative efforts. In essence, this means thatnurses can utilize GST by applying elements of effectivecommunication patterns to ensure that they discover useful patternsbased on their experiential knowledge. Therefore, nurses canintegrate elements of effective communication patterns with GST toensure they improve teamwork. Accordingly, the ANA standards of carerecommend that nurses should continuously evaluate their practice andtake part in quality improvement initiatives at all times (AmericanNurses Association, 2011, p. 123).In essence, this is the basis of the General Systems Theory.


Tosum up, the American Nurses Association (ANA) standards of careprovide guidelines and recommendations that act as the road map fornurses participating in collaborative work in group settings. Thestandards of care are useful in offering directions to nursing groupsto uphold high levels of professionalism in team-based settings.Effective participation by nurses in health care teams is essentialin bringing together the inter-professional input of individualmembers. For the input of individual members to yield the expectedresults, practitioners have to embrace efficient communication.Effective communication fosters understanding among members of ateam. When nurses work in groups, misunderstandings usually come as aresult of ineffective communication (Corey,Corey &amp Corey, 2013, p. 76).The General Systems Theory (GST) also provides a firm basis for groupcooperation in the patient care. The reason is that GST enablesnursing practitioners to discover useful patterns for improvingcoordination in team-based settings.


Allender,C., Rector, K. &amp Warner, M. (2011). CommunityHealth Nursing.Philadelphia,PA: Lippincott Williams &ampWilkins.AmericanNurses Association (2011). NursingAdministration: Scope and Standards of Practice.NewYork: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Corey,M.S., Corey, G., &amp Corey, C. (2013). Groups:Process and Practice (9thEd ).Brooks-

Cole:Cengage Learning.