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Annotated Bibliography of Criminal Behavior Systems

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ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Annotated Bibliographyof Criminal Behavior Systems

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Clinard, M., Quinney,R., &amp Wildeman, J. (2014). Criminal Behavior Systems: A Typology(3rd

ed.). London and New York: Routledge.

Thisbook talks about different types of criminal behaviors. It is dividedinto 10 chapters and each chapter discusses different aspects of thecriminal behavior system. The book shows the readers how crimes areclassified into different categories, and how the legal system dealswith different kinds of crimes. It clearly demonstrates what kinds ofbehaviors can be classified as criminal behaviors (both violent andnon-violent criminal behaviors).

Inaddition to that, the book precisely defines both organized anddisorganized or individual crimes. It talks about the reasons why anindividual might be involved in criminal activities, and itdifferentiates between career criminals, occasional criminals, serialcriminals, and one-timers.

Soria, M. &amp Ansa,N. (2016). Psychological Motivational Profile of a Serial Killer“Mercy-Hero”

vs.Power/Control Type. Journal of Psychology and PsychotherapyResearch, 3(1), 13-20.http://dx.doi.org/10.12974/2313-1047.2016.03.01.2

Thisarticle is about ‘serial killers’. It is an interesting piece ofliterature in the field of criminal behavior systems because itdivides serial killers into 2 different categories: The Mercy-Heroes,and The Power/Control Type. The authors go about defining each ofthese 2 types of serial killers. For example, the mercy-heroes ormercy killers are the ones that kill people by thinking that they aredoing their victims favors. This type of killers usually go forpeople that are in a lot of pain. According to this article, ‘theangels of death’ are good examples of mercy killers. These arehealthcare professionals that normally murder patients suffering fromchronic and life-ending diseases like cancer. Such patients are boundto die eventually, but they are already in a lot of pain due to theirdiseases, and the painful treatment processes. As a result, an angelof death thinks he is actually easing and ending the pain of hisvictims by taking their lives.

ThePower/Control Types, on the other hand, kill people just for the sakeof self-satisfaction, and to feel the sensation of power by torturingtheir victims before killing them. The BTK (Bind, Torture, Kill), andTed Bundy are prime examples of this type of killers. Every killinggives them immense pleasure and joy, and often these killers takesouvenirs from their victims.

Taylor, S., Lambeth,D., Green, G., Bone, R., &amp Cahillane, M. (2011). Cluster Analysis

Examinationof Serial Killer Profiling Categories: A Bottom-Up Approach. Journalof Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 9(1),30-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jip.149

Whilemost studies about profiling serial killers try to come up with newprofiling strategies, this study analyzed the FBI’s famous“dichotomous classification” of serial killers for finding thevalidity of this profiling system. The authors actually conducted 2different studies where they analyzed around 100 crime scenes to havea better understanding of 4 different types of serial killers-power/control, hedonistic, mission, and visionary.

Thestudy used a bottom-up approach, and Ward’s method to understandtheir crime scene data and to analyze the FBI’s profiling system.The researchers found that most serial killers are organized to someextent.

McKibbin, W.,Shackelford, T., Goetz, A., &amp Starratt, V. (2008). Why do menrape? An

evolutionarypsychological perspective. Review of General Psychology,12(1), 86-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.12.1.86

Theseresearchers tried to tap into the mentalities, psychological, andsituational motivators of rapists. It also talked aboutrape-avoidance behaviors and psychology that women could use to avoidgetting raped. The researchers used evolutionary psychology as a toolto analyze the motivating factors of rape from differentperspectives.

Theauthors claimed that there are different types of rapists. Not onlythey talked about the individual differences of different types ofrapists, but they also shed light on the various situations thatmight motivate an apparently harmless individual to commit rape.

Sarkar, J. (2013).Mental health assessment of rape offenders. Indian Journal ofPsychiatry,

55(3), 235.http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.117137

Asthe name suggests, this article makes attempts to understand thepsychology of rapists. The author wonders that though rape is aviolent crime, and violence and sexual arousal don’t really go handin hand, so how a rapist can maintain an erection under so muchresistance and violence.

Afterstudying the mental health of around 100 rapists, the author claimsthat anger at women, and drinking are the 2 most common preconditionsfor rape. Although most men don’t go through with it, and many ofthem run off if their victims put up a strong fight, those withsadistic mentalities, and those with the need for ‘powerreassurance’ actually commit rape.

White, M. (2012).Kantian moral psychology and criminal behavior. Journal ofCriminal

Psychology, 2(1), 67-76.http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/20093821211210503

Theauthor tries to find a reason why people commit crimes using themoral psychology principles proposed by Immanuel Kant. The Germanphilosopher suggested that the sense of duty and good will are the 2main things that dictate human behavior. According to him, good willis the only moral aspect that keeps people from doing bad things. Allthe other virtues can be used for achieving sinful goals.

So,this article suggests that any criminal, independent of the type ofthe crime, lacks ‘good will’, and therefore, gets involved incriminal activities. A criminal can be a moral or religious person,but his lack of good will eventually makes him do bad things, withoutfearing the consequences.

Knight, M. &ampBurford, M. (2015). Finding me (1st ed.). The WeinsteinCompany.

Findingme is the real-life tale of a woman (Michelle Knight) who waskidnapped and kept in captivity by Ariel Castro, the infamouskidnapper from Cleveland, Ohio. Although this book is a biography, itgives us valuable insights into the mind of a kidnapper.

Castrois actually a rare kind of kidnapper, who likes to abduct his victimsand keep them hostages not for any monetary returns, but simply forhis own satisfaction. He would torture his victims mentally andphysically, and would come up with innovative ways to torment themjust for the sake of his mental satisfaction.

Noor-Mohamed, M.(2013). The Definitional Ambiguities of Kidnapping and Abduction, andits

Categorisation:The Case for a More Inclusive Typology. The Howard Journal ofCriminal Justice, 53(1), 83-100.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hojo.12028

Moneyis the most common reason why most kidnappers kidnap their victims.But still, there are individuals who kidnap people to achieve othermaterialistic goals as well. In this article, the author tries tofigure out the motivators behind kidnapping.

Furtheringother crimes or causes, ransom, and disputes regarding child custodyare the 3 top reasons of kidnapping mentioned by the author, withransom being the number one reason considering data from all over theworld. And, the article also mentioned that every kidnapper profileshis victim before the kidnapping.

Koller, C., Wetter,O., &amp Hofer, F. (2015). ‘Who`s the Thief?’ The Influence ofKnowledge and

Experienceon Early Detection of Criminal Intentions. Applied CognitivePsychology, 30(2), 178-187.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.3175

Thisarticle discusses the psychology of thieves in an innovative way. Weall know that the individuals who break into people’s houses orproperties and steal stuff, or those who pick others’ pockets arethe most common type of thieves. However, the authors argue that eventhe shoplifters, people who cheat on their better halves, andstudents who cheat in the examinations or plagiarize in assignmentscan all be categorized as thieves.

The authors define a thief as a person who takes things from otherpeople without their permission and doesn’t return them. Accordingto them, all thieves have massive trust issues since they know wellhow untrustworthy they are, and basically they don’t even trustthemselves.

Humphrey, N. (2011).It takes a thief to catch a thief. Behavioral and Brain Sciences,34(01), 28.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x10002098

Themain theme of this article is how we (especially the law enforcementpeople) can stop thieves and frauds from committing crimes. Thearticle covers both white and blue collar criminals that are involvedin stealing in some way. The author covered 123 different kinds ofcrimes and talked about 6 types of thieves.

Thisresearch tries to give the law enforcement officials an in-depthunderstanding of all these crimes and thieves. It also givesguidelines about how we can think like those criminals if we intendto stop them. It presents the psychological aspects of thievery in ameaningful and easy way.

References

Clinard, M., Quinney, R., &amp Wildeman, J.(2014).&nbspCriminalBehavior Systems: A Typology&nbsp(3rded.). London and New York: Routledge.

Humphrey, N. (2011). It takes a thief to catcha thief.&nbspBehavioraland Brain Sciences,&nbsp34(01),28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x10002098

Knight, M. &amp Burford, M. (2015).&nbspFindingme&nbsp(1sted.). The Weinstein Company.

Koller, C., Wetter, O., &amp Hofer, F. (2015).‘Who`s the Thief?’ The Influence of Knowledge and Experience onEarly Detection of Criminal Intentions.&nbspAppliedCognitive Psychology,&nbsp30(2),178-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.3175

McKibbin, W., Shackelford, T., Goetz, A., &ampStarratt, V. (2008). Why do men rape? An evolutionary psychologicalperspective.&nbspReviewof General Psychology,&nbsp12(1),86-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.12.1.86

Noor-Mohamed, M. (2013). The DefinitionalAmbiguities of Kidnapping and Abduction, and its Categorisation: TheCase for a More Inclusive Typology.&nbspTheHoward Journal Of Criminal Justice,53(1),83-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hojo.12028

Sarkar, J. (2013). Mental health assessment ofrape offenders.&nbspIndianJournal of Psychiatry,&nbsp55(3),235. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.117137

Soria, M. &amp Ansa, N. (2016). PsychologicalMotivational Profile of a Serial Killer “Mercy-Hero” vs.Power/Control Type.&nbspJournalof Psychology and Psychotherapy Research,&nbsp3(1),13-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.12974/2313-1047.2016.03.01.2

Taylor, S., Lambeth, D., Green, G., Bone, R., &ampCahillane, M. (2011). Cluster Analysis Examination of Serial KillerProfiling Categories: A Bottom-Up Approach.&nbspJournalof Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling,&nbsp9(1),30-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jip.149

White, M. (2012). Kantian moral psychology andcriminal behavior.&nbspJournalof Criminal Psychology,&nbsp2(1),67-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/20093821211210503