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Annotated Bibliography Shortage of Food in Venezuela

AnnotatedBibliography: Shortage of Food in Venezuela

AnnotatedBibliography: Shortage of Food in Venezuela

Bernal,J., Frongiollo, A., Herrera, H., Rivera, J. (2012). Children live,feel, and respond to experiences of food insecurity that comprisetheir development and weight status in Peri-Urban Venezuela. Journalof Nutrition,10, 1-7.

Theaim of the article is to address the experience of kids in Venezuela,following the long-term shortage of food in the country. The authorsof this article advance an argument that the previous studiesassessed the experience of children based on the impact of the foodshortage on their parents. The study published in the article wasbased on a qualitative research methodology, which is preferred byscholars because it permits them to conduct an in-depth investigationof the underlying issue. In addition, the researchers collected databy conducting interviews, which is an effective way of helping thescholars get primary data from participants. They found out that foodinsecurity affects the socioeconomic, cognitive, physical, andemotional wellbeing of kids in Venezuela. It is possible thatchildren might have feared to give the correct perceptions andexperiences since the authors used personal interviews to collectdata. However, the study was founded on scientific researchprocedures. This makes the article a useful source that will be usedto discuss the effects of food shortage on children in Venezuela.

Cuesta,J. (2011). A qualitative analysis of policy making on the food pricecrisis in the Andean region: Preparing for the next crisis. EuropeanJournal of Development Research,23, 72-93.

Thepurpose of Cuesta’s article is to identify the relationship thatexists between poor policies and the occurrence of food crisis.Cuesta presents an argument that countries located in the Andeanregion (including Venezuela) lack proper food policies, which subjectthem to the risk of frequent food crisis. The author relied in aqualitative research methodology to pursue the purpose of thearticle. This methodology is associated with an increase in theability of the researcher to conduct an in-depth study of theunderlying issue, thus enhancing the reliability as well as theusefulness of the findings. The results of Cuesta’s study indicatedthat Andean nations have tried to use different interventions thatfocus on several areas, including coverage, efficiency, fiscalimpact, and sustainability, but they have not been able to addressthe issue of the food crisis. These programs have failed because thelack of effective food policies is a major cause of long-term crisis.Although the application of a qualitative approach in scientificresearch is associated with a limited possibility of replicating thefindings, the article is a credible source. Its content will be usedto support an argument that the lack of effective food policies isthe primary cause of food shortage in Venezuela. The article willalso be used to explain why high food prices and politicalinstability are the major effects of food shortage.

Guevara,J. (2016, May 19). What are the main causes of food shortage inVenezuela? Quora.Retrieved November 16, 2016, from&lthttps://www.quora.com/What-are-the-main-causes-of-food-shortage-in-Venezuela&gt

Guevaraaddresses the major causes of the shortage of food that is affectingthe people living in Venezuela. Guevara argues that the governmentintervention in the price of all food products has made the mostsignificant contribution towards the current shortage. The authorexplains that the government of Venezuela has been fixing prices forall food products, with the objective of protecting consumers frombeing exploited by the business people. However, the price ceilingshave been set too low for traders to make a profit. This has resultedin their decision to run businesses with empty shelves, instead ofmaking losses. The author is based on the investigation done by ajournalist, which implies that the methodology might have resulted insubjectivity in some parts of the content. However, it is a reliablesource that will be used to explain how the economic crisis and poorgovernment decisions have resulted in the food shortage in Venezuela.

Koll,A. (2015). Assessing whether oil dependency in Venezuela contributesI national instability. Journalof Strategic Security,3 (5), 69-86.

Kolladdresses the relationship between over-dependence on oil and socialchallenges, including the shortage of food. Koll argues thatVenezuela has been relying on the revenue generated from oilproduction to finance the national economy, which has increased thevulnerability of all other sectors (including the agriculture) tochanges in the supply of food in the global market. The author reliedon the review of literature methodology to pursue the purpose of thearticle. Although this methodology limited the ability of Koll toassess the quality of the data used to make conclusions in thearticles that were reviewed, it helped the researcher to identifythat all forms of instability (including the food shortage) inVenezuela are caused by structural problems (such as misguidedpolitical as well as economic policies) in the country. It is acredible source that will be used to argue that food shortage is anoutcome of structural problems and it has heightened political aswell as economic instability in the country.

Shevtsova,L., Corrales, J., Milani, A., &amp Wehrey, F. (2015). Theauthoritarian resurgence: Autocratic legalism in Venezuela. Journalof Democracy,26 (2), 37-51.

Thepurpose of this article is to address the impacts of autocraticleadership in the developing countries, but the authors focused onVenezuela. The authors advance an argument that the autocraticleadership in Venezuela has resulted in several social problems,including the severe food shortage, an increase in crime rates,economic slowdown, and the delivery of unreliable public services.The most important of these social challenges is the relationshipbetween poor leadership and the occurrence of food shortage in thecountry. The authors relied on the literature review methodology topursue the purpose of their article. This methodology is associatedwith an increase in the ability of researchers to identify trends ina given field of study as well as weaknesses that have not yet beenaddressed. However, the methodology limits the ability of theresearchers to assess the quality of the data used by other scholarsto make conclusions. The content of the article will be used toexplain the relationship between poor leadership and prolonged foodshortage in Venezuela.

References

Bernal,J., Frongiollo, A., Herrera, H., Rivera, J. (2012). Children live,feel, and respond to experiences of food insecurity that comprisetheir development and weight status in Peri-Urban Venezuela. Journalof Nutrition,10, 1-7.

Cuesta,J. (2011). A qualitative analysis of policymaking on the food pricecrisis in the Andean region: Preparing for the next crisis. EuropeanJournal of Development Research,23, 72-93.

Guevara,J. (2016, May 19). What are the main causes of food shortage inVenezuela? Quora.Retrieved November 16, 2016, fromhttps://www.quora.com/What-are-the-main-causes-of-food-shortage-in-Venezuela

Koll,A. (2015). Assessing whether oil dependency in Venezuela contributesI national instability. Journalof Strategic Security,3 (5), 69-86.

Shevtsova,L., Corrales, J., Milani, A., &amp Wehrey, F. (2015). Theauthoritarian resurgence: Autocratic legalism in Venezuela. Journalof Democracy,26 (2), 37-51.