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Surveyof western Culture

Abstract

Oncoming to the end of the 14th century, some Italian thinkers declaredto be living in a new age referred to as Renaissance. On reaching the17th century it was clear that these individuals from Italy and somesections of Europe were walking there talk just from the achievementsthey had made. There was the development of science through differentforms such as art and philosophy. Mathematics precision and artisticdissections of animals were the primary display of art. Philosophy,on the other hand, had the discovery of the solar system and puttingthe sun in the middle of the solar system as it main scientificdiscovery. Medicine was another section of rebirth since during thisperiod there was the discovery of improved methods of cure ondangerous plagues such as bubonic plague and malaria. Thesescientific achievements mainly share a common belief notable onhumanistic implying that man was the center of his universe (Jahodapg 109).As this period of change went by there was the development of somedifferent aspects. Among them will include the coming up ofscientific and medical aspects of civic humanism (Haarpg 28).As science grew, it broke into some disciplines that cumulativelybrought change while viewing of some issues in the society. I believethat the different classifications of science involved art,philosophy, and medicine.

Art

Itis a source where the history of science of renaissance must drawfrom since artists such as Giotto, Donatello and Michelangelo are themain reason for the development of science-related ideas. To thecurrent population, the relationship between art and science will beseen as shallow. However, the Renaissance art and architectureincorporate mathematics and precision into every piece specified. Wealso had scholars referred to as the age of observation who weredissecting and studying small things with the main aim of trying tounderstand the various scientific truths of the issues. There werepractices that had artists dissecting animals and cadavers with theuse of Leonardo Da Vinci’s combination of science and art. Throughall these, it is evident how there came the development of sciencethrough art during the Italic Renaissance period (Hwangpg 90).

Philosophy

Sciencewas also manifested in philosophy in a lot of ways and thereforecausing friction and bringing about conflicting differences betweenthese philosophers and the church. The most common one comes from aPolish mathematician and astronomer referred to as NicolausCopernicus. He researched and published his book on the solar systemensuring it was clearly said how the sun is more at the center of thesolar system than the Earth. The Catholic Church strongly opposedthis motion not considering the information being portrayed. Hisdiscovery was a breakthrough in science even though the church burnedthe selling of his book. The kinds of scientific discoveries at thistime were the main reason for the conflict that exist between scienceand the church. Any further scientific research led to scientistpersecution as they were believed to tap their knowledge from whichcraft. Among the major cases of persecution during Renaissanceinvolved Galileo Galilei. He improved the telescope that helpedobserved different heavenly bodies and therefore coming up withevidence of heliocentric solar. Motion experiments regardingpendulums and objects that are falling from the skies were among hisgreat work and therefore creating a way for Isaac Newton’sdiscovery of gravity. Through this, it is evident how the aspect ofscience developed from philosophy during the Italian Renaissance(Shephardpg 400).

Medicine

Theperiod had the process of improvement of some medicinal concepts. Theidea is through ensuring we have a proper understanding of thedifferent ways the body works considering observation. The processimproved coming up of better cures since archaic theories were beingdone away with. As an addition to the different herbs used to curediseases physicians added on the utilization of quinine that wasfound from the bark of Quina tree. This drug helped in the treatmentof malaria and its symptoms. Opium was used as a painkiller in Europeat that time. As Bubonic plague came up in the 17th century, it sweptalmost a third of Europe’s populations. On turning a blind eye onsuperstitions Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus, a German physiciandiscovered the disease was treated through drinking of mercury.Medicine was in a transition process as physicians were done withdifferent levels of superstitions and wanted to seek reasons to whyvarious complications were coming up and how to treat them. Throughthis, therefore, came the development of medicine through theRenaissance period (Parkpg 68).

Inconclusion, it is simple to tell the significance of the major eventsin the Renaissance considering the effects coming from science andmedicine. The idea comes with the different ways through which majorinnovations concerning science comes up, and that is through art,philosophy, and medicine. There relation to science and how the actworked as beneficial compared to the recent types of science-relatedsubjects show the Renaissance procedure well maintained (Solbeseet al pg 85).

WorksCited

Haar,James.&nbspThescience and art of Renaissance music.Princeton University Press, 2014.

Hwang,Kwang-Kuo. &quotFrom cultural rehabilitation to culturalrenaissance: Through the education of indigenous socialscience.&quot&nbspChineseEducation Models in a Global Age.Springer Singapore, 2016. 87-101.

Jahoda,Gustav.&nbspImagesof savages: Ancient roots of modern prejudice in Western culture.Routledge, 2015.

Park,Katharine.&nbspDoctorsand medicine in early Renaissance Florence.Princeton University Press, 2014.

Shephard,Roy J. &quotThe Renaissance: The Dawn of Scientific Enquiry intoHealth and Fitness.&quot&nbspAnIllustrated History of Health and Fitness, from Pre-History to ourPost-Modern World.Springer International Publishing, 2015. 347-445.

Solbes,Jordi, and Manuel Josep Traver i Ribes. &quotScience, scientists andliterature: the role of literature in promoting science andtechnology.&quot&nbspMètodeAnnual Review&nbsp5(2015): 88-95.