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Beck Depression Inventory

BeckDepression Inventory

BeckDepression Inventory

BeckDepression Inventory is a multiple choice self-report inventory with21 questions. It is used as a psychometric test for evaluating thegravity of depression. Its invention was a breakthrough forpsychologists who used to incline on psychodynamic approach insteadof focusing on a client’s thoughts. Various authors including Wangand Gorenstein (2013) and Bringmann, Lemmens, Huibers, Borsboom, &ampTuerlinckx (2015) have examined the various aspects of BDI in varioussettings. BDI is a cost effective methods of measuring depressionbecause it can be applied in different settings and on populationsacross various ages.

Bringmannet al. (2015) use structured interviews and questionnaires through avector autoregressive multilevel method to estimate the network ofsymptom dynamics that characterize BDI among 182 patients agedbetween 18 and 65 years. The authors found out that the symptomspresented in the BDI have both a direct and indirect connectionthrough various patterns of temporal influence. The research alsorevealed that the influences affect each other.

Wangand Gorenstein (2013) sought to review the psychometric attributes ofBDI as a method of self-reporting for depression in differentpopulations. Through an intensive secondary study, the authors cameup with a credible list of features for the measurement techniques.The research found out the BDI can distinguish between depressed andnon-depressed individuals. Additionally, it is a cost-effectivemethod that can measure a wide range of symptoms in differentsettings.

Summarily,the findings in the two studies concur on the aspect of applicabilityof BDI in a wide range of symptoms. Wang and Gorenstein (2013) foundout that the criteria used measurement showed a lot of sensitivity todifferent symptoms. Bringmann et al. (2015) also found out that themethod is efficient in different settings and this explains its costeffectiveness. However, the findings slightly differ in comparing BDIto DSM-IV criteria. Wang and Gorenstein indicate that the centralityrevealed that the two show similar principle symptoms, for instance,loss of pleasure. On the other hand, Bringmann et al. (2015)demonstrate that the similarity is only because BDI was modified fromDSM-IV as a specific subtype of depression.


Bringmann,L. F., Lemmens, L. H., Huibers, M. J., Borsboom, D., &ampTuerlinckx, F. (2015). Revealing the dynamic network structure of the-II. Psychologicalmedicine,45(04),747-757.

Wang,Y. P., &amp Gorenstein, C. (2013). Psychometric properties of the-II: a comprehensive review. RevistaBrasileira de Psiquiatria,35(4),416-431.