- June 19, 2020
Best Counseling Approach
Inthe study of human behavior, it has become imperative thatpsychological issues be handled from an expert point of view and notbe left for the individuals to sort them out on their own(Van & Salisbury, 2014).This approach was adopted as it was discovered that people reacted ina particular way that was not socially appropriate as they weredependent on given substance or condition (Van& Salisbury, 2014).For instance, a pedophile person would commit acts, which are notacceptable in the society because of their mental disorder. Moreover,an alcohol abuser will continue to use it as he/she has become adependent on it.
Thus,given the magnitude of these issues and complexities of humanbehavior, it was necessary that various treatment methods anddiagnosis models be designed to help handle these cases. This wasnecessary as it was discovered that many mentally challenged peoplewere in prison instead of being in mental facilities (Van& Salisbury, 2014).Therefore, to make the role of correctional facilities holistic,there was a need to incorporate counseling in the justice system. Twomodes of counseling, which are individual and the group have beenadopted in correctional facilities. However, their effectivenessdepends on the type of problem that client faces and the stage oftreatment (Van& Salisbury, 2014).Nevertheless,in correctional facilities, group therapy is effective and practicalcompared to individual one in many psychological issues.
Tobegin with, individual counseling is where a client and a therapisteffectively collaborate with intentions to identify a problem,discover feelings, and work through challenges and set goals to movea client towards a desirable change(American Addiction Center, n.d).In this session, the objective is to promote personal strengththrough empowering an individual. On the other hand, group counselingis done where individuals are given a therapy session at the sametime (AmericanAddiction Center, n.d).It is important to note that in correctional facilities that there isa high number of individuals who need counseling, but the environmentitself has been an impediment(American Psychiatric Association, 2015).
Thechallenges have been caused by the presence authorities and gangs whohinder the ability of the clients to be open in counseling session asa result of fear and rebellion. However, group counseling has helpedto bridge this gap as it allows individuals to know that they havesimilar challenges as their colleagues. It has been useful especiallyin treatment where individuals have substance dependence, eating, andmental health disorders among others. Criminals who are counselingclients might tend to rebel against individual counseling at initialstages, but if a group approach is adopted there is a high likelihoodthat they will motivate and encourage each other (AmericanPsychiatric Association, 2015).
Thus,in correctional facilities, it is easier to for healing to beachieved and individuals to find freedom to express themselves asthey share a common experience with their colleagues in groupcounseling, which bonds them together. Moreover, in group counselingclients are given psycho-educational information, which stimulatesintrapersonal and interpersonal understanding and development, thus,promoting communication skills and interaction (AmericanPsychiatric Association, 2015).
Furthermore,clients can help each other by being supportive. Also, in this formof counseling many different points of views, which can lead tohealing or successful treatment can be approached, which cannot beexploited at the individual counseling session. Moreover, on part ofthe professionals and justice system, it is cost and time effective(AmericanPsychiatric Association, 2015).Additionally, group counseling in itself is a therapy.
Thereare various methods through, which one can measure the effectivenessof group and individual counselling. To begin with, what would bebetter than to ask the client the effectiveness of the types oftreatment, certainly nothing? Thus, the consumer should be theprimary measure of the effectiveness of a counseling method (Van& Salisbury, 2014).At the end of the session a counselor should give clients or a clienta form to fill, which indicates client’s or clients’ perceptionof the treatment and the counselor and the type of counseling theypreferred most
Furthermore,the counselor can observe the behavioral change of the clients.Counseling is a treatment process where an individual goes throughvarious phases, and effective one should initiate the client tocommunicate willingly and show the desire to take action to initiatea change(Van& Salisbury, 2014: American Psychiatric Association, 2015).If one therapy shows that the participants are active and increasethe ability of the clients to share their feeling with a counselorand there is a positive change, then that should be effective.
Moreover,the effectiveness of counseling can also be measured by time and costincurred(Van & Salisbury, 2014).If one of the two types of counseling is costly and time wasting,then it would be inappropriate as there are many individuals who needsuch treatment. It is important to note that if one takes a lot oftime to receive a treatment or be counseled, there is a likelihoodthat their situation might worsen. This in turn will increase theneed for more personal attention, which can be costly in correctionalfacilities. Thus, a mode of counseling, which is cost and timeeffective should be adopted (Van& Salisbury, 2014).
Therefore,group therapy is effective as it encourages collaboration, supportamong colleagues and increases self-awareness as individuals learnhow to share their experiences. Moreover, in choosing what method ofcounseling is good in correctional facilities, one should considercost, time and the ability of the treatment to affect behaviorpositively.
AmericanAddiction Center. (n.d.). Group Therapy vs. Individual Therapy.Retrieved fromhttp://americanaddictioncenters.org/therapy-treatment/group-individual/
AmericanPsychiatric Association. (2015). PsychiatricServices in Correctional Facilities(3rd ed.). Arlington, VA.
VanV, P., & Salisbury, E. (2014). Correctionalcounseling and rehabilitation.Waltham, MA: Elsevier.