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Causes and Effect of Bullying in School


Causesand Effect of Bullying in School

Causesand Effect of Bullying in School

Bullyingrefers to the use of influence to intimidate, or the use of superiorstrength to force someone to do what the perpetrator wants. In schoolcontexts, the behavior is repeated and poses severeand lasting adversities (Currie and Tekin, 2012). One of the causesof bullying is the need to gain dominance and power over otherindividuals. Bullies tend to believe that intimidating others couldbe a lasting solution to their desire for group dominance,manipulating the victims to do or behave in the manner of their(bullies’) preference (Patchin and Hinduja, 2011). Bullying alterspro-social skills, school achievement, and psychological welfareamong perpetrators and victims of bullying

Causesof Bullying

Bullyingiscausedby the need for exclusion from peer groups and manipulation of socialrelationships. According to Currie and Tekin (2012), power imbalanceand repeated exposure to psychological or physical intimidation overtime implies that childhood experiences account for several cases ofbullying in school. Furthermore, environmental factors such asexposure to information on violence in the media and social factors(such as dysfunctional families) have been reported to constituteadditional causes of bullying in school environments (Patchin andHinduja, 2011).

Effectsof Bullying

Oneof the consequencesarising from bullying concerns social isolation among victims.Victims end up operating solitary lifestyles in learning environmentsas they fear further adversities. Similarly, victims end up avoidingisolated areas such as restrooms, as these zones are perceived toform hide-outs for the bullies (Currie and Tekin, 2012).

Long-termemotional, physical and academic consequences on bystanders, bullies,and victims have also beenreported.Specifically, bullying leads to difficulty in concentration onschoolwork (among victims), leading to declines in academicperformance. High rates of dropout and absenteeism, accompanied withsigns of loneliness are also reported to characterize victims ofbullying. As such, the fear of being bullied may translate intoabsenteeism and high rates of school drop-out among victims furtherattributed to the resultant injuries (Patchin and Hinduja, 2011).Othereffects include difficulties in establishing emotional and socialadjustments. The other impacts include living in endless fear,difficulty in creating a sense of belonging and emotional support atgroup levels, poor relationship with classmates, low grades, alcoholuse, posttraumatic stress, anger, anxiety, and increased depression(Currie and Tekin, 2012).


Insummary, bullying causes leads to adversities of different kind. Thevice can be due to the need of gaining dominance and power overothers. Bullies tend to believe that intimidating others could be alasting solution to their desires. However, this may not be the case.Victims of such case end up living their life in solitary. Theyalways think that the act my happen again if they interact withother. In this line, it’s evident that bullying alters pro-socialskills, school achievement, and psychological welfare amongperpetrators and victims of bullying.


Currie,J., andTekin, E. (2012). Understandingthe Cycle. Childhood Maltreatment and Future Crime.Journalof Human Resources, 47,509-550

Patchin,J. W. and Hinduja, S. (2011). Traditionaland Nontraditional Bullying Among Youth. A Test of General StrainTheory.Youthand Society, 43,727-751