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Checkpoint #4 Article Analysis Worksheet

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Checkpoint#4: Article Analysis Worksheet

Thisworksheet is meant to help you think through some of the issuesinvolved in writing the last two sections of your research paper: theanalysis and hypothesis.

Foreach of your empirical articles, provide the title, then state thehypothesis or main question that is being asked.

Article 1: Reasons for Women’s Entry into Sex Work: A Case Study of Kolkata, India by Sunny Sinha

Hypothesis 1: The researcher’s hypothesis was that prostitution is caused by numerous reasons apart from poverty.

Hypothesis 2: Women engage in sex work since it gives them the autonomy and freedom over their bodies, flexible hours of work, higher earning, and management of dual duties.

Hypothesis 3: The researchers also hypothesized that prostitutes are exposed to sexually transmitted diseases as well as harassment.

Article 2: The mental and physical health of female sex workers: a comprehensive study by Sarah Romans, Peter Herbison, Judy Martin, and Kathleen Potter

Hypothesis: The researcher’s hypothesis was female sex workers face excessive physical and mental health than other women of the same age who do not practice it

Article 3: Poverty of Opportunity Forcing Women into Prostitution by Mohsin Saeed Khan, Eva Johansson, Shakila Zaman, Magnus Unemo, Naveed Rahat, and Cicilia Stalsby Lundborg

Hypothesis: The scholars’ hypothesis stated that poverty was the main reason the women practiced prostitution.

Now,identify the main level and method that each of the articlesemphasizes—are they looking at this phenomenon from a neuroscience,cognitive science, or social science perspective, and are theyemploying abnormal, individual differences, or developmental methods?

Level

Method

Article 1

The research was based on a social science perspective that employed individual difference method. As such, this study was founded on an investigation of three life-history interviews and 46 short-life portraits obtained from female prostitutes for more than seven months. view their HIV risks on the basis of experience.

The cultural biography mechanism combines life history interviews and participant observations to investigate how the prostitutes

Article 2

It was based on cognitive science employing abnormal methods to define the findings. The scholars conducted an interview and gave out questionnaires among a sample of prostitutes.

They used the Intimate Bond Measure (IBM) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and invited prostitutes to share their experiences.

Article 3

On social science employing the individual difference technique. It included a qualitative interview involving 20 females indulging in sexual work.

The research was done in a low socioeconomic area.

Empiricalresearch is based on observations. In the next section, identify themain variables (at least 2) that are being measured (or manipulated,if an experiment), and briefly describe how that was accomplished(i.e., what were the operationaldefinitions thatwere used for these variables?).

Observed/Manipulated variables

How were they measured/manipulated?

Article 1

The researchers manipulated the reasons for engaging in sex work. In this case, financial levels, job opportunities, and societal values.

These were obtained through 46 short-life portraits, and 3 in-depth portraits. The selection process utilized maximum-variation sampling.

Article 2

The variables included prostitutes and women who do not practice Main the same.

The variables were manipulated regarding their physical health and quality of social network.

Article 3

Prostitutes who varied in the places of operation.

Interviews were carried out within clinic NGOs that offered STI prevention services and nearby brothels

Agood way of critically analyzing research is to think through how itcould have been done differently. Looking back at the previoussection, pick one of the variables you identified for each article,identify a possible source of error in how that variable wasmeasured, and then come up with a new operational definition—a newway of measuring it (or manipulating it, if an experiment) that mayreduce that error.

Variable

Possible error

New definition

Article 1

Societal values, job opportunities, and financial levels

The study did not specify the age of women who were investigated. In that respect, it may have erred as to why the women indulge in the act. Additionally, the study only targeted a particular type of sex workers i.e. “mobile prostitutes” who resided in the suburban and rural regions and traveled to the city to earn income. It did not factor in prostitutes who worked in late hours of the night.

It cannot substantially generalize on the circumstances surrounding women prostitution.

Article 2

Physical health, quality of social network

Questionnaires and interviews are inappropriate for this particular study. Studying the cognitive behaviors requires specialized therapeutic techniques such as Psychosynthesis or other behavioral mechanisms.

A comparative approach without a defined age group can also yield inconsistent results.

Article 3

Place of operation, education level

The sample size too small to give accurate results. It was conducted in two places i.e. brothels and NGO clinic, hence, could not give a substantive outcome to generalize on the aspect. Age was again overlooked in this research.

It is hard to define the real reason why prostitutes practiced the act.

Next, tiethis research together and bring it back to your main question. First, provide your question as stated in the introduction to yourpaper (or Checkpoint #1). For each article, provide the mainfinding, and then briefly explain how this finding relates to yourquestion.

My question:

Main finding

Relation to question

Article 1: Findings established that though many sex workers indulged in the act for economic gains, other reasons were enticing them to stay in the industry. The study also identified numerous sexual harassment cases involving women in informal jobs like helpers in construction sites, hotels, restaurants, and domestic maids.

It proposed the need for intervention measures to comprehend the local background that models the life of women rather than a comprehensive approach based on the general assumptions

Article 2: The results obtained did not show any differences between the two groups in terms of mental health or self-esteem. Apart from that, the two groups did not differ regarding physical health or quality of their social networks. However, the findings also showed that sexual workers were abused and were less likely to marry, unlike the other group. Additionally, they are more liable to indulge in drinking or smoking.

Even though both groups had psychological issues, there is no evidence to suggest that sex work increased the conditions

Article 3: the group established that the women in the region were driven by the poverty of opportunity. Circumstances forced them to prostitution. As sexual workers, they could meet their daily needs. In general, poverty, the desire for material gain, financial burdens, and limited opportunities drove the girls, as well as, married women into commercial sex.

The group lacked sufficient knowledge about HIV/AIDS and other STIs, thereby indulged in the acts without protection to earn more cash

Finally, it`s time to come up with yourown hypothesis. Remember: your hypothesis should be firmly groundedin the empirical evidence, but also push beyond that evidenceto propose something we don`t yet know. Compare the findings youidentified above, and how they each relate to your question. How arethey similar, and how are they different? What questions do theystill leave unanswered? With this in mind, state your hypothesis. Your hypothesis should be a single sentence (or two), and astatement, not a question.

Hypothesis: The desire for material gain and evasion of poverty is the primary reason prostitutes engage in the act.