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Correctional Healthcare in the US

CorrectionalHealthcare in the US

CorrectionalHealthcare in the US

CorrectionalHealthcare refers to the provision of health in confinementfacilities like prisons, jails, and juvenile institutions. Most ofthe correctional health care is provided by programs with affiliationto academic institutions [ CITATION Ann01 l 1033 ].The main issue facing correctional healthcare is the conflict betweenhealth workers and the prison officials in a bidto provide decent healthcare to those in correctional facilities. Thepaper looks at some of the issues that face correctional healthcarecompared to that of the general public.

First,the aim of medical care is to comfort, diagnose and cure. The aim ofjail, on the other hand, is to rehabilitate, confine and punish aninmate. The aims of these institutions collide with each other. Inpublic healthcare, medical providers act accordingly in the bestinterest of the patient(Rich, Wakeman, &amp Dickman, 2011).In confinement health, however, the medical providers are an irritantto the correctional authorities who have to reorganize schedules toaccommodate medical needs. Change of diets to accommodate the patientis a burden to the correctional facility(Dumont, Brockmann, Dickman, Alexander, &amp Rich, 2012).

Correctionalhealthcare rarely addresses issues of mental and emotion that arecommon in confinement facilities. Most of the inmates are poor peoplewho have had little previous access to healthcare [ CITATION Moo12 l 1033 ].The inmates arrive at such institutions more neglected and intensemedical issues than a non-incarcerated person of the same age cohort.It is common in correctional centersto get extensive tooth decay and untreated hypertension (AmericanPsychiatric Association, 2015).

Thebudget allocated to correctional healthcare is little compared tothat of public healthcare. Both state and federal governmentallocations to correctional healthcare are not sufficient for theever increasing incarcerated population. The prison facilities areunderstaffed and lack proper medication [ CITATION Moo12 l 1033 ].

Inconclusion,eventhough America remains a competitive society in health provision,there is a lot of effort required to create efficient correctionalhealthcare to match that of public health.


AmericanPsychiatric Association. (2015).&nbspPsychiatricServices in Correctional Facilities.American Psychiatric Pub.

Anno, J. B. (2011). Correctional Healthcare: Guidelines for the Management of an Adequate Delivery System. Chicago National Commission on C: National Commission on Correctional Healthcare.

Dumont, D. M., Brockmann, B., Dickman, S., Alexander, N., &amp Rich, J. D. (2012). Public health and the epidemic of incarceration.&nbspAnnual review of public health,&nbsp33, 325.

Moore, J. (2012). Management and Administration of Correctional Health Care. New Jersey: Civic Research Institute.

Rich, J. D., Wakeman, S. E., &amp Dickman, S. L. (2011). Medicine and the epidemic of incarceration in the United States.&nbspThe New England journal of medicine,&nbsp364(22), 2081.