- June 30, 2020
Criminal Justice Policy Analysis and Program Evaluation
Running head CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY FORMULATION1
CriminalJustice Policy Analysis and Program Evaluation
CriminalJustice Policy Analysis and Program Evaluation
Inthe recent past years, the criminal justice system has encounterednew challenges that were not there before, as they are complicated tohandle and the mechanisms to curb them has proved a mountain. The newchallenges are terrorism, overcrowding and re-entry, rampant firearmsand violence, new federal immigration laws, and complex nationalsecurity issues. Due to these contemporary issues, there has been aneed to review the justice policy in crime management, as well as theforeign and national security policy. In other cases, theadministration system has had to be re-formulated for it to fit thebill for the complex issues that have been encountered by thesecurity department and the department of criminal justice (Welsh andHarris, 2016). It is, therefore, prudent for the students in thisline of study to be prepared with the skills that would make themaware of the needs to have a powerful mind in the criminal justicepolicy analysis and application.
WeekOne: Policy Overview and the Role of Research in CJ Policy
Benefitsof conducting policy analysis are vast and could be said that theyare helpful in decision making as to which among many proposedstrategies would yield the maximum benefits and at the lowest cost ofimplementation (Morrison and Sparks, 2015). Policy analysis helps indetermining which of the given policies would achieve the goals ofthe entity in the most efficient and economical way. The importanceof research in policy formulation is that it provides tools andoutcomes of rigorous scientific research, evidence, and analysis toguide justice policy. Further, research helps one to understand theneeds that the plan needs to address and provide a solution. Theinformation gotten in the course of investigation makes one informedof the demands of the people and the needs that the policy has todeal with at the implementation stage. Research is important as thesystem that is to be formulated will be governing the people(Morrison and Sparks, 2015). It will be the guiding stick in dealingwith justice issues, and as such, it attaches the government to thepeople of that nation as it addresses the issues affecting themeither directly or indirectly.
Week2: Criminal Justice Policy Development and Implementation
Factorsthat influence criminal justice policy development are the demandsthat are placed on the shoulders of the agency that is vested withthe responsibility of delivering justice to the complainants. Thesociety`s views influence criminal justice policy development as itis the one that witnesses the problems with criminality and criminalslive among the members of the community (Weisburd and McEwen, 2015).The other factor is the press which airs and informs the people ofthe security situation in the country. To curb the injustices thatemanate from criminality, the criminal justice department has todevelop the policy that guides them on dealing with it (Stolz, 2015).Politicians influence the development of CJ policies as they putpressure on the government to have a secure nation free of criminalactivities (Stolz, 2015). Sad events also affect the development ofpolicies in the sense that when a viral event happens, it dents thecredibility of criminal justice system and as such new policies tocurb the same are formulated, which culminates to prosecuting thosewho have committed the offense.
Week3: Policy Monitoring and Models for Policy Evaluation
Policyevaluation increases effectiveness in the sense that it identifiesthe non-performing area of the policy and reviews them, while itchanges the ones that are an impediment to proper performance. Theevaluation also gives the researcher and the policy maker the eagle`sview of the policy and the areas that short changes the delivery ofcriminal justice is amended accordingly. Evaluation is done in astrategic and timely way to influence decision making. Transparencyof assessment is imperative as extensive evaluation and involving thestakeholders actualize the results. Stakeholders are identified asthey are the ones who define the product they would love to have andas such, they determine outcomes, activities and measure the success(Stolz, 2015). Evaluation is the process of ensuring that the metricsset are achieved, and if not achieved, it demands a review of thepolicy.
Week4: Development of Alternative Solutions and Strategies
Alternativesare usually a set or a portfolio of solutions which should beimplemented when the first plan fails to work. After problemdefinitions, the choices are set which involves the decision makersgathering data, interpreting it, and creative thinking. In criminaljustice policy making, an alternative is implemented when things getthick, and the initial strategies seem to fail in the operations(Weisburd and McEwen, 2015). In a criminal operation, there areusually a set or alternatives which the agency enforcing depend onthe situational changes. Further, during the policy making, there arethose environments identified, and it is expressly said that oncesuch a situation is encountered, such a strategy will be used topenetrate the problem.
Themethods of developing alternative strategies include SFF matrix thatconsiders suitability, feasibility, and flexibility (Stolz, 2015).Thomas Saaty`s Analytical Hierarchy model could also be a reliablemethod of developing alternatives.
Week5: Policy in Practice: evaluating policy outcomes and Impact
Theresults of a policy could be measurable regarding reforms and thenumber by which criminal activities change. The policy is consideredviable by the results that have been realized after the promulgationof the policy (Welsh & Harris, 2016). For instance, how manycriminal issues have been reported in the previous year? How manycases have we successfully filed before court and convictions handedfor the state? The effectiveness of the policy in practice isimmeasurable, and the results cannot be counted (Stolz, 2015). Itcomes regarding the impact. The impact can only be felt through themedia reports that national crime rate has gone down, the societytalking of how peace has been restored and finally how securitylevels have gone up as gun shots are no longer the order of the day.
Morrison,K., & Sparks, R. (2015). Research, knowledge and criminal justicepolicy. Crime,
Justiceand Society in Scotland,30.
Stolz,B. A. (2015). The Growth of Federal Criminal Justice Policy MakingThe Role of US
CivilRights Legislation. Criminaljustice policy review,26(5),463-487.
Weisburd,D. L., & McEwen, T. (2015). Introduction: Crime mapping and crimeprevention.
Availableat SSRN 2629850.
Welsh,W. N., & Harris, P. W. (2016). CriminalJustice Policy and Planning: Planned Change.