• Uncategorized

Decision Support System in Healthcare

Scope Assessment 8

DecisionSupport System in Healthcare

Clinicaldecision system is a component of health information technology thatrequires an extensive collection of data. The data is collected fromthe patients and the other relevant information from the institution.The system is a component of health information exchange and thusimproves the quality of the care in the medical sector

Thisessay examines the decision support system and its impact on the careprovision in the medical organization.

TheScope of Clinical Decision System

Thereare various patients’ rights issues that RHIO should adhere asstipulated in the HIPAA, which includes the right to privacy, inspectand request an amendment to the medical information. Although theRHIO is the owner of the information, the right of the patientsshould be upheld as covered by HIPAA Act (Babbottet al 2014).On the other hand, since RHIO is the owner of the information, theRHIO should use the Copyright laws because of the dictate onownership of the information.

HealthInformation Exchange (HIE) has increasingly been adopted in manyhealth institutions in the United States to enable for easyaccessibility and secure sharing of patient’s information throughelectronic means. When patient’s information is shared amongphysicians, nurses and pharmacists, it helps to improve the qualityof care, increase convenience, safety and reduce the cost oftreatment and patients care. Although a huge number of healthinstitutions have embraced different health information exchangesystems, there are some practitioners who are still using papers andengaging in manual accessibility and transfer of information such asthrough email and fax (McDonald2009).However, it is important to understand that timely sharing ofinformation is important for preventing various challenges that facemedical practitioners such as preventing medical errors, decreaseduplication of tests, improve diagnoses and avoid readmissions.Establishing Electronic Health Record (EHR) in a medical institutionis one of the strategies that can be used to engage in healthinformation exchange (HIE).

Benefitsof Electronic Medical Records

ElectronicMedical Record replaces the tradition paper record and thus allowsfor easy tracking of medical data of a patient. In the electronicmedical records, the patients` information is recorded on theelectronic platform thus making it easy to track the previous medicalrecord of the patients. This information is useful for both themedical practitioners and the patients, especially in the subsequenttreatments.

Theelectronic records allow physicians to easily identify patients whoare ready for preventive visits and screenings. As a component ofelectronic health information, the record helps in guiding thepractitioners when giving care and reminding practitioners andpatients on the care that is required.

SinceElectronic Medical Record is used for storing patient’sinformation, it enables physicians and other stakeholders to retrieveinformation and monitor the progress of a patients’ performancebased on various parameters such as new medication, vaccination andblood pressure reading.

Becauseof convenience provided by the Electronic Medical Records (EMR), ithelps to improve the general safety and quality of care of patients.The stored data provides the relevant information that guides thepractitioners on the process of care. In addition, because of theprevious data of the clients, the practitioners are less likely tomake medication errors that affect the quality of care (Babbott et al2014).

DataFlow Diagram

ClinicalDecision Support System

Clinicaldecision support system is used to provide specific information toclinicians, staffs, patients and other stakeholders that to enhancehealth care. The system involves various tools such as computerizedalerts to the patients and care providers, patients’ data andsummarized health reports, clinical guideline and diagnostic support.The importance of having a clinical decision support system is thatit helps in increasing the quality of care provided in a medicalinstitution. Through an effective guidance and important information,practitioners are able to avoid errors that usually occur duringpractice. The system is also an effective strategy for improvingefficiency and enhancing customer satisfaction.

Clinicaldecision system is a component of health information technology thatrequires an extensive collection of data. The data is collected fromthe patients and the other relevant information from the institution(Berner 2007). The staff members should be involved in theestablishment of the system and they should also be familiarized withthe entire system. The data collected should be summarized andorganized to suit the workflow of the organization. The managementshould be willing to work with all the staffs in the organizationachieving the success of the system. The system should be selecteddepending on the goals of the organization, in addition toconsidering the organization in the region.

Accordingto Open Clinical Organization (2016), establishing clinical decisionsupport system requires a holistic approach from the differentmanagement and the staff members. An organization should source theservices from competent experts in the industry in order to get themaximum support of the system.


Thereare different types of clinical decision support systems, which iswhy it is important for the institution to select a system that willsynchronic with the services offered by the institution. Healthinformation technologies are designed to boost clinical decisionmaking and are particularly attractive for their ability to align theservice delivery amid the increase in information in the industry.The system also provides a good platform for integratingevidence-based knowledge in providing care to the patients.Basically, the system is also interlinked with the electronic medicalrecords because they both deal in integrating the date of thepatients.


Berner,E. S. (2007). Clinical decision support systems (pp. 3-22). New York:Springer Science+ Business Media, LLC.Open

Bush.J. (2002). Looking for a Good Electronic Medical Records System?Retrieved November 17, 2016 fromhttp://www.aafp.org/fpm/2002/0100/p50.html

ClinicalOrganization. (2016). Clinic Decision Support System. RetrievedNovember 17, 2016, from http://www.openclinical.org/about.html