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Dental/ oral hygiene

Dental/oral hygiene

Dental/oral hygiene

Agood oral hygiene is one of the many vital practices to observe inmaintaining healthy gums and strong teeth. Healthy teeth enablepeople to eat properly, speak with confidence and feel good.Therefore, maintaining a good dental hygiene is essential for theoverall well-being. Regular brushing and cleaning between teeth helpsin prevention of tooth decay, diseases, and ensures that teeth stayhealthy. Other practices that help in ensuring healthy teeth and gumsinclude tongue cleaning, mouthwashes, healthy diet, and limiting theintake of sugary foods and drinks. Smoking has an adverse impact onthe health condition of teeth and gums therefore, it is important toquit smoking. Additionally, making periodic visits to the dentisthelps in improving dental health. The paper delves into dentalhygiene, its significance, and factors affecting the health conditionof teeth. Further, it seeks to figure out practices and measures toutilize to ensure dental hygiene.


Dietis a major factor that impacts on oral health. There are varieties offoods that damage teeth and result in teeth decay. Research indicatesthat plaque is a primary cause of periodontal disease[ CITATION Has12 l 1033 ].People ought to be aware of the periodontal disease and ways throughwhich an individual can avoid it. Dental plaque is described as theclear sticky substance composed of food remains that forms on theteeth surface. According to medical professionals, dental plaqueforms a superb breeding area for bacteria[ CITATION Bla13 l 1033 ].If the plaque is left unclean, it hardens and forms a rough andporous substance referred to as calculus or tartar.

Significanceof the research

Gooddental hygiene is important because it helps prevent dental diseasesand problems. For instance, gum tartar is the main contributor ofgums diseases and tooth decay. Periodontal disease is the keycontributor of tooth loss among adults, affecting approximately 10percent of the global population[ CITATION Nob14 l 1033 ].The disease leads to resultant adverse effects such as bleeding andinflammation of gums which later destroys the anchoring fiberbetween the teeth and jawbone. The destruction of the fiber implieseventual teeth loss. Therefore, dentist emphasizes on teeth brushingto avoid the risk of periodontal disease.


Overthe past years, dental caries has caused a significant loss of teethamong adults. Poor dental hygiene is one of the primary precipitatorsof dental caries. Proper dental care is essential to avoid theupsurge and spread of adverse health complications. Research studieshave shown a significant number of complications and dental problemsas people age. For instance, gum disease is a dental health conditionthat is caused by tartar accumulation on the teeth surface due tolack of brushing and cleaning. On the other hand, the NationalInstitute of Dental and Craniofacial assert that men over the 40years of age tend to be highly susceptible to oral cancer[ CITATION Has12 l 1033 ].Additionally, over 43,000 people are diagnosed with oral cancer,every year[ CITATION Nob14 l 1033 ].It is estimated that nearly 7,000 people die of oral cancers such astongue and throat cancers[ CITATION Nob14 l 1033 ].On the other hand, children are highly vulnerable because of intakeof sugary foods and drinks. Studies indicate that over 70 percent ofchildren of ages 12 and younger tend to suffer from dental caries[ CITATION Bla13 l 1033 ].Foods withhigh acidic content such as limes, oranges, and lemons alsoaccelerate tooth damage and decay.


Itis important for parents to limit the consumption of foods with highamounts of sugar and carbohydrates among their children to avoidenergizing bacteria causing tooth decay. Children have developedhabits of taking foods with high sugar content that adversely affectoral health. Beverages such as sodas, alcohol, and coffee must beavoided because they contain elevated levels of phosphorous. Despitebeing an essential mineral for the teeth, excess phosphorous depletesthe amount of calcium in the body resulting in oral hygieneproblems[ CITATION Has12 l 1033 ].People need to take a lot of calcium for strong teeth. Calcium ishelpful for teeth as well as bones and can be found in milk, cheese,yogurt, among other dairy products.

Aroutine oral hygiene is crucial to help prevent the accumulation oftartar, which results in tooth decay. Brushing of teeth is animportant and one of the easiest ways of maintaining dental hygiene.Dental specialists recommend brushing of teeth before and aftereating to prevent the build-up of acid and food particles. Flossingis another dental hygiene practice that helps remove food remains andother hazardous substances between teeth. Flossing helps peoplemouthwash in areas where toothbrush bristles cannot reach.


Oralhygiene plays a significant role in general health and well-being ofan individual. Besides benefits associated with teeth, good dentalhygiene helps prevent other health conditions such as heart attack,angina, and cardiovascular disease. Dental specialists highlyrecommend people to quit smoking, avoid acidic and sugary foods, andencourage the intake of high calcium diet for strong and healthyteeth. Therefore, it is important to make periodic dental visits forcheckup and receive advice on how to maintain dental hygiene.


Blayden, J., &amp Mott, A. (2013). Soft-Tissue Lasers in Dental Hygiene. Oxford: John Wiley &amp Sons.

Hashim, R., Williams, S., &amp Thomson, W. (2012). Oral hygiene and dental caries in 5- to 6-year-old children in Ajman, United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 11 (3), 208-2015.

Noble, S. (2014). Clinical Textbook of Dental Hygiene and Therapy. Oxford: John Wiley &amp Sons.