• Uncategorized

Domestic Violence Annotated Bibliography

DomesticViolence: Annotated Bibliography

DomesticViolence: Annotated Bibliography

Dery,I. &amp Diedong, L. (2014). Domestic violence against women inGhana: An exploratory study in Upper West Region, Ghana.InternationalJournal of Humanities and Social Science,4 (12), 228-243.

Deryand Diedong address the issue of domestic violence using theexperiences narrated by victims living in Ghana. The purpose of theirarticle is to study the issue of domestic violence from theperspective of adult women and men in Upper West Region, Ghana. Deryand Diedong argue that the occurrence of violence in families can beattributed to more than one socio-demographic factor. The difficultyof addressing it is associated with the fact that it is caused bymultiple factors. The article was selected because it addresses therisk factors for the occurrence of violence in families, which isrelevant to the topic of research.

Deryand Diedong pursed the purpose of their article by conducting aqualitative study. About 10 female and male subjects were recruitedusing the purposive sampling approach. The semi-structured interviewapproach was used to collect the data. They found out that the natureof the risk factors for violence in the family leads to itsdisproportionate impact on women compared to men.

Theuse of a qualitative study methodology allowed Dery and Diedong toconduct an in-depth study of domestic violence. However, thecredibility of the findings of a qualitative study is doubted becausethe overall quality of the research is influenced by the biases andidiosyncrasies of the scholars. For example, the data were collectedby interviewing the participants, which imply that the researchershad the capacity to influence the direction of the conversation andthe type of questions. However, the qualitative methodology andinterviews are acceptable scientific research approaches, which implythat the content of the article is credible. It will be used tosupport the argument that violence in families is caused bysocio-demographic factors, such as bride price payment, genderinequality, alcoholism, and tendency to resist sexual advances. Thepaper will also be used to argue that the nature of the risk factorsincreases the vulnerability of women compared to men.

Khan,A. (2015). Domestic violence against women in Bangladesh: A review ofthe literature and the gaps to fill-in by future interventions.KhazarJournal of Humanities and Social Sciences,18 (3), 57-81.

Khanaddresses the issue of domestic violence in the research that isreported in this article. The purpose of Khan’s article is toevaluate the perspectives reported by different authors regarding theissue of violence in domestic settings. Khan argues that there is noobjective way of defining or describing domestic violence sincebeliefs, emotions, and values surrounding it vary from one communityto another. The article was selected because its focus on theevaluation of the perspectives held by the communities living inBangladesh regarding domestic violence, which makes it relevant toresearch topic being considered.

Khanused the literature review methodology to pursue the purpose of thearticle. The application of this methodology allowed the author toidentify the key trends and gaps existing in the study of theunderlying issue in Bangladesh. For example, the review of empiricalstudies published in the past allowed Khan to identify the forms,effects of violence in families, and coping strategies used by womenin Bangladesh.

Afterconducting a review of literature, the author identified thatdomestic violence is a multifaceted issue in Bangladesh. It is causedby different factors and it has been identified that it results intrauma in a large number of women. The results of the study alsoindicated that all forms or types of domestic violence areinterwoven, which makes their study a complex process. For example, asingle woman who refuses to engage in sexual intercourses with herpartner can be denied financial support, be harassed psychologically,and physically at the same time. Khan concludes that effective policyinterventions can be used to reduce domestic violence.

AlthoughKhan’s article is based on a scientific study, reliance on theresearch published by others denied the author the opportunity toassess the quality of the data used to draw conclusions. In addition,the article is gender biased since it addresses the issue of domesticviolence and its effect on women only. However, it is a crediblesource that will be used to advance the idea that trauma is one ofthe most common impacts of domestic violence. It will also be used toargue that effective policy interventions can be used to minimize theprevalence of domestic violence.

Kumar,A. (2012). Domestic violence against men in India: A perspective.Journalof Human Behavior in the Social Environment,22, 20-296.

Kumaraddresses the issue of an increase in the number of incidents ofdomestic violence against men. The authors hold that violence againstmen in domestic settings has been ignored by many scholars, which hasresulted in the development of a perception that the issue affectswomen only. Therefore, the purpose of Kumar’s article is to put theissue of violence against men into the public limelight by exploringhow they are victimized by their wives or lovers. Kumar’s articlewas selected because it addresses the topic of domestic violence,which is the main focus of the research. Most importantly, thearticle addresses the victimization of men by women, which is a topicthat is rarely researched by other scholars.

Kumarused the literature review methodology to pursue the purpose of thearticle. The application of this methodology made it possible toinclude the views of different scholars in the article and increasesthe understanding of trends on the topic of gender violence againstthe male subjects.

Theresults of the review of the literature indicate that incidents thatinvolve the victimization of men are rarely reported due to thetraditional belief that men are masculine and have the ability tocontrol their emotions. The expectations of the society that menshould not report these cases subject them to negative healtheffects, such as depression since they are denied the opportunity toexpress their emotions. Some of them suffer from frustration,loneliness, and may end up committing suicide. Kumar concludes thatpower relations, values, and norms are gradually changing and men arecontinually being allowed to express their agony and harassment bywomen.

Theuse of literature review methodology limited the ability of Kumar todetermine the quality of the data used by other scholars to supporttheir arguments, which reduced the reliability of the findings. Inaddition, the aspects of bias arises from the fact that Kumar focuseson the harassment of male subjects, which implies that the study isnot gender-balanced. However, it is a credible article that will beused to support the notion that men are also victims of domesticviolence and tend to suffer more from psychological distress sincethey are not expected to seek for help.

Ostadhashemi,L., Khalvati, M., Seyedsalehi, M. &amp Emamhadi, M. (2015). A studyof domestic violence against women: A qualitative meta-analysis.InternationalJournal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,5 (3), 155-163.

Theobjective of the research published in the article was to assess thelived experiences of women who suffered from domestic violence inIran. The authors advance an argument that women aredisproportionately affected by the issue of domestic violence. Inaddition, the researchers hold that there are some special barriersthat have limited the ability of the stakeholders, who are expectedto address the menace of domestic violence to bring peace, equality,and development in the vulnerable families. The article was chosenbecause its content is relevant to the topic of research, which isdomestic violence.

Thefour authors achieved the purpose of their article by conducting adescriptive research. This research involved the application of asystematic review methodology, which is a common type of studydesign. The authors reviewed a total of 10 credible articles thatdocumented empirical evidence on domestic violence from theperspectives of men, experts, and women. The key word search approachwas selected because it enables researchers to access all relevantrecords in a given database, which gives them an opportunity toselect the most credible articles. After reviewing the articlespublished by other scholars, the four authors found out that cases ofdomestic violence that affect women disproportionately are caused bymental instability among men, drug abuse, inadequate communicationskills, inappropriate sociability, patriarchy, and the tendency toignore the partner’s needs.

Althoughthe research published in the article is based on scientificprocedures, it has two major weaknesses. First, the use of a reviewof literature methodology limited the ability of the author to assessthe quality of the data used by writers of the 10 articles that wereused to support the argument. Therefore, the bias in other articlesmight have been included in the study. Secondly, the article isgender biased because it focuses on women only. However, it is acredible source that will be used to advance an argument thatdomestic violence can be attributed to socio-cultural risk factors.

U.S.Department of Health and Human Services (2016). Domestic violence andhomelessness: Statistics (2016). HSS.Retrieved November 13, 2016, from&lthttp://www.acf.hhs.gov/fysb/resource/dv-homelessness-stats-2016&gt

Thearticle addresses the association between domestic violence and therisk of becoming homeless. The authors of the article hold thatviolence in families often result in the ejection of the victims outof the house, which forces them to live in the streets and end upbecoming homeless. More than 80 % of all victims who are likely tobecome homeless are women and children. The article was selectedbecause it addresses the relationship that exists betweenhomelessness and violence in the domestic settings, which makes itscontent relevant to the research topic being considered.

Theauthors relied on the findings reported by other scholars andgovernment agencies. They used the findings reported by crediblescholars and agencies (such as the National Center for FamilyHomelessness) to support their argument. All ideas are supported bycredible statistics that bring meaning and make it easy to identifyrelationships between different variables. The results of the studyindicate that trauma among the victimized individuals is the primarycause of homelessness. The authors reported that over 93 % of thewomen who are harassed by their spouses suffer from at least one typeof trauma. About 81 % of them go through multiple types of traumaticevents that prolong their homelessness.

Thereliance on the findings reported by other scholars limited theauthors’ capacity to control the variables and evaluate thecredibility of the data used to support the ideas contained in thearticle. In addition, the aspect of bias arises from the fact thatthe article addresses the association between homelessness anddomestic violence in children and women, while leaving out men. Itwould be significant to determine whether men are also at the risk ofbeing victimized by women and be subjected to the risk ofhomelessness. However, the content of the article is credible sinceit is supported by statistics and findings of other empiricalstudies. The article will be used to advance an argument thatdomestic violence affects children and women disproportionately. Inaddition, the findings reported in the article will be used todiscuss different impacts of domestic violence, which include therisk of becoming homeless and poor.

References

Dery,I. &amp Diedong, L. (2014). Domestic violence against women inGhana: An exploratory study in Upper West Region, Ghana.InternationalJournal of Humanities and Social Science,4 (12), 228-243.

Khan,A. (2015). Domestic violence against women in Bangladesh: A review ofthe literature and the gaps to fill-in by future interventions.KhazarJournal of Humanities and Social Sciences,18 (3), 57-81.

Kumar,A. (2012). Domestic violence against men in India: A perspective.Journalof Human Behavior in the Social Environment,22, 20-296.

Ostadhashemi,L., Khalvati, M., Seyedsalehi, M. &amp Emamhadi, M. (2015). A studyof domestic violence against women: A qualitative meta-analysis.InternationalJournal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,5 (3), 155-163.

U.S.Department of Health and Human Services (2016). Domestic violence andhomelessness: Statistics (2016). HSS.Retrieved November 13, 2016, fromhttp://www.acf.hhs.gov/fysb/resource/dv-homelessness-stats-2016