- May 9, 2020
Effects of Bullying in Schools
Effectsof Bullying in Schools
Bullyingin the school environment was an unattended phenomenon in theprevious years however, it is gaining popularity not only across theUnited States of America but also around the world. Many children areundergoing constant victimization associated with their school peersbecause the act tends to occur daily and everywhere. In agreementwith Schott(281),at some point in life, people experience bullying either as a bullyor victim. It is apparent that bullying enormously affects anddamages many of the children’s mental and physical health and mayeven influence their adult lives negatively. In this essay, I willfocus on highlighting how bullying influences school children inmultiple manners.
Schoolbullying is complex howbeit, it occurs when a student constantlygoes through negative actions linked to one or multiple otherlearners. It entails three different categories that include physicalassault, verbal abuse, and nominal physical abuse (Happel-Parkins& Esposito, 5). Most students experience some if not all theseforms of bullying in school bullying hot spots that include theclassroom, the distance between home and school, and on the halls orplaygrounds during breaks. Physical abuse associates primarily withfights. On the other hand, verbal abuse may be classified intoindirect and direct. the indirect involves the spreading of rumorsconcerning another student, while direct involves abusing anindividual. Nominal physical bullying involves stealing anotherstudent’s lunch money or food.
Dueto its ability to interfere with both the mental and physical healthof school children, bullying has a number of outcomes. Theseconsequences include the development of a low self-esteem, socialisolation, violence and aggression, and academic underachievement.
Bullyingoften alters the quality of life of a victim due to its ability tothreaten their mental health. Students who experience persistentbulling are constantly under tension, anxiety, and fear making itdifficult for them to engage in many school activities alongsideother learners (Rigby,7). For examples, these students may not want to engage in playgroundphysical activities or maybe attend a movie with their friends. Withthis, they may develop stress that can eventually lead to depression,which will devastate their life quality. Consequently, these studentsare more likely to be susceptible to opportunistic infectionsresulting from low immunity and may ultimately end up staying homerather than attending school.
Itis apparent that the bullying phenomenon influences the self-esteemand personal worth of a victim resulting in social isolation. Themain types of students who experience social isolation include sexualminority and special needs children among others. According to,Chad, Nickerson & Stormont (344), the sexual minority studentsoften struggle with denial not only from their parents but also fromtheir teachers and peers, as well as, the society’s homophobiccommunity. Accordingly, they have increased depression risk that mayeven end up in self-harm mannerisms including suicide, particularlyif they continue to be subjected to frequent bullying. Further theymay develop insecurities, therefore, withdraw from the society as ameasure of avoiding ridicule. Additionally, Hartley etal.(176) claims bullying victimization shapes special educationstudent’s social integration. Resultantly, these students isolatethemselves from others since they come across as different makingschool life hard to bare.
Bullyinghas also long lasting modifications on self-esteem that may initiatedeath. Over time, students who suffered consistent bullying haveshown signs of violence and aggressiveness. Therefore, they usuallygrow up to become bullies. In the United States of America alones,these victims often return to their previous schools baring firearmsto exercise revenge. In the process, they end up harming or evenkilling other innocent students. For examples, the perpetrator of theFlorida shootings suffered from bulling instances associated with hisclassmates (Golgowski,2013).Accordingly, he went back to his school and begun shooting aimlessly.Additionally, students who witness violence scenes in schools tend todevelop the urge to bully others. They often =communicate using rudelanguage making the school environment inadequate for beneficiallearning. Furthermore, bulling victims develop an aggressive approachtowards both parent and peer relationships. Persistent fearinfluences their communication skills making them defensive ineverything that they do.
Theacademic underachievement is attributed to the stressful nature ofbullying that exposes children to concentration failure.Consequently, they become vulnerable to failure and weak academicperformance (Hartleyetal.,176). Studies have indicated that bully victims have a high chance ofschool-centered issues that may include dropping out and absenteeism.
Uponresearch, it is true that school bullying is ongoing making it aserious concern across the world. Many people have either underwentbullying or have been victims of the same and can testify that itaffects life as both a child and an adult. The outcomes attached toschool bullying are reduced self-esteem, social isolation, violenceand aggression and academic underachievement. All these outcomes mayreduce the well-being of a victim on either health wise or as aproductive society member. It is the duty of the persons linked tostudents to develop programs that can reduce bullying making theschool a healthy place for child development.
Golgowski,Nina. FloridaHigh School Student Shoots Classmate: Police.New York Daily News, 2013, published on 11 December 2013, retrievedonline on 19 November 2016, fromwww.nydailynews.com/news/national/student-shot-florida-high-school-argument-report-article-1.1537476
Happel-Parkins,Alison, and Jennifer Esposito. "Using Popular Culture Texts InThe Classroom To Interrogate Issues Of Gender Transgression RelatedBullying." EducationalStudies,vol. 51, no.1, 2015, pp. 3-16
Hartley,Michael T., et al. "Comparative Study Of Bullying VictimizationAmong Students In General And Special Education." ExceptionalChildrenvol. 81, no .2, 2015, pp. 176-193
Rigby,Ken. BullyingInterventions In Schools : Six Basic Approaches.Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, pp. 1-419
Rose,Chad A., Amanda B. Nickerson, and Melissa Stormont. "AdvancingBullying Research From A Social-Ecological Lens: An Introduction ToThe Special Issue." SchoolPsychology Reviewvol. 44, no .4, 2015, pp. 339-352
Schott,Robin May. SchoolBullying : New Theories In Context.New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 1-135