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Effects of Dental Care in Children


Effectsof Dental Care in Children


Thehigh occurrence rates of dental caries in children is a major healthconcern. The condition is characterized by the discoloring of theteeth brought about by the staining of the enamel. Dental cariescauses a lot inconvenience and discomfort to children, thus affectingthem physically, emotionally and psychologically. It is, therefore,necessary to understand the extent of the condition and establishsome of the ways of addressing the issue. Dental analysts argue thatearly discovery of dental caries in children will help prevent theoccurrence of all the effects mentioned in detail in the study below. This paper aims at studying and discussing the long-term andshort-term effects of dental caries in children. Some of the majorlong-term and short-term effects identified in the paper includeweight-loss, poor education performance, altered behavior and poordevelopment among others.

Oralhealth is a critical factor that parents should consider whenbringing up their children. Dental caries is a common problem thataffects a great population in the society. The occurrence of dentalcaries among children makes it difficult for them to conductdifferent activities. Dental carries, an incidence which is caused bypoor oral hygiene, can only be prevented by the creation ofalternative ways to handle the oral health. However, dental care isan instructional way to take care of dental caries for the children.The condition has both long-term and short-term effects. This paperaims at discusses these effects in children

Dentalcare stands out as one of the necessary routine health activities inthe humans. It is instrumental for human beings to have a greatdental routine that checks up on their bodies and ameliorates theiractivities. Through the foundation of a model to critically take acheck on the dental line up of a person, there are certain factorswhich are considered and ameliorated. In dental care, therefore, achild stands to have the right path to developing into adulthood. Forthe first development phase of children, where there are instances ofteeth falling off, dental care is of great significance too andrequires a way of ensuring that the children have the best dentalcare which would not harm their bodies (Mulu et al. 2014). Theseactivities enhance the creation of a healthy dental routine which isinstrumental in the development of an individual and healthyupbringing of the child.

Statementof Problem

Theresearch delves into finding the long and short term effects ofdental carries. Dental caries is a major oral infection that affectsa significant portion of the population. Thus, the research goes intoinvestigating the occurrence of dental caries within the children andwhatever effects the infection holds. The children are the future.Therefore, by addressing what affects them, the next generation ispreserved.

Aqualitative approach is instrumental for the study to determinedifferent effects of dental caries in children. Through thequalitative analysis of different effects of dental caries tochildren, it is notable that there are certain ways which enhance thecreation of a definite system that would provide a better view ofdental care within children. Thus, the qualitative study will enhancethe understanding of dental caries within the population of children.

ResearchQuestions/ Hypotheses

Theresearch tackles the effects of dental caries in the children. Thesample population in the study is the children and it takes differentquestions to tackle the need for dental care and its consequentialeffects on the child. Among the question that is tackled in theresearch to provide an overview of the effects of dental caries tochildren include the following:

i)What are the short-term effects of dental caries in children?

ii)What are the long-term effects of dental caries in children?

iii)What are the various ways of preventing the condition?

Thestudy adopts a hypothesis to deal with the different effects ofdental caries in children. While the study tackles all sides ofdental care to the children, the main hypothesis of the study, on theother hand, is dentalcaries has adverse effects, both long-term and short-term, on thelives of children. Therefore, there are certain methods that have been used to provethe hypothesis. Through the research objectives and questions, thestudy looks into the issue and comes with different analyses ofwhatever effects dental health holds to children.


Inthe human formative ages, it is instructional to develop differentmeasures that will help in creating a way that will help childrenhave the best of health. Dental practices ensure that childrendevelop the best teeth and take care of their teeth at differentstages in life. From the early period when the child is young, thereare activities that should be conducted to aid in the teethingprocess. Moreover, after the teething process, there are certainactivities that can be conducted to aid in the creation of a painlessand normal falling out of the teeth. Therefore, different dentalactivities have varieties of impacts on the health of children in thesociety. Nonetheless, dental caries still stands out as a greatproblem to the society regarding the creation of a healthy systemwhere there should be better perceptions concerning the creation ofsanity (Ferraz et al. 2014). Therefore, the following research willlook into the occurrence of dental caries and some dental practicesthat are undertaken for the children.

DentalPractices for children

DentalFloss: Dental floss is instrumental in the creation of a way thathelps the children develop healthy teeth free from germs. When thedental floss is conducted, children are free from germs in betweentheir teeth (Mulu et al. 2014). Dental floss notably makes the germsin between the mouths of the children to disappear, thus maintaininggood health in the mouth of the children.

Useof Dental Sealants: Dental sealants, a model that has been inapplication over the recent past, helps with the creation of abarrier that prevents the trespass of germs and other bacteria fromentering the cavities of the children (DiMarco et al. 2016). Youngchildren have weak teeth that can be easily ruined by the bacteria,thus with the use of sealants, children are kept away from instanceswhere they will have cavities. Nonetheless, the sealants also help toprevent pit decay in the teeth of the children.

Brushingof teeth: Brushing the teeth is a common dental care activity forboth adults and children. The act of brushing has positive sides forthe children. Through brushing, children clean their teeth andprevent the buildup of plaque around the teeth. Nonetheless, it alsoenhances the creation of healthy gums and strong teeth (Bener et al.2013). Therefore, brushing of teeth, twice in a day for the children,helps bring up instrumental models to develop and attract better waysof handling the teeth in children.

HealthyDiet: The intake of a healthy diet for children is a great dentalcare practice that helps with different factors (Bloom et al. 2012).A healthy diet aids in the teething of children it also helps increating a way that would help the children develop towards the rightway of creating strong gums for children.

Useof Mouthguards: Mouth guards offer a great protection to children ifthey are out for sports. The use of mouth guards is a dental practicethat prevents accidental occurrences when the children are playing(Ayele et al. 2013).Through the practice, it is notable that theteeth of children are well developed towards the creation andacquisition of a better way to handle incidences where children mightfall and trigger the fallout of teeth prematurely.

Accordingto Bonecker et al. (2014), the occurrence of dental caries inchildren is an infectious issue that takes place in children ofdifferent ages. The authors advance that there are several ways inwhich a child is disposed to the dental carries, and the pain is lessprevalent in the children who are between 8-12 months, while itsimpact is greater in the children of the age bracket of 36-60 months.This shows that the pain which the children undergo causes them tohave discomfort and also have different measures that create them tohave pain. Therefore, the author notes the effect of the pain andcreates a situation whereby the different children can be evaluated,and their health is ameliorated.

Chouet al. (2013) show that there are different chemicals that affect thehealth of children in a significant manner. The authors analyze theeffect of a different chemical that is used such as the fluorides onthe children. The study enumerates that there are different effectsthat are felt in the course of the child care activities which affectthem in the long run. Therefore, the creation of a discomfort ablemodel for the children.

Meanwhile,the school children can be studied to show that there are differentdental caries infections within them. By studying their behavior anddetermining the health status of their gums and teeth, it is possibleto determine the occurrence of dental caries. According to Benzian etal. 2011, dental caries in the school going children population ismanifested in the gums and teeth, thus studying their teeth wouldreveal if they suffer from the infections.

Onthe other hand, there are certain effects of dental caries to thechildren in the short run that affect their lives. For instance,Jackson et al. (2011) state that dental caries in school goingchildren make them have reduced performance due to their absenteeismfrom school. The lack of class attendance reduces the ability of thechildren to work according to the requirements of the educationschedule. According to Mandal (2013), children have teeth loss due todental caries, after they develop their permanent teeth. Thepermanent teeth of children are therefore lost due to the eating upof the gums by the bacteria that concentrate on the children’steeth.

Forthe long term effects, there are various ways in which the health ofchildren is compromised. Colak et al. (2013), state that there arephysical and psychological defects that children phase as a result ofthe dental carries. Notably, for teenagers who have dental carries,their confidence levels are reduced as a result of the occurrence,and this affects their association with other students. They,therefore, have a reduced tendency of seeking treatment since theyfear coming out from their problem. Sheiham (2016) argues that dentalcaries has negative effects on the health of children as ittranscends to other infections that slow down the growth process ofchildren. Shakya et al. (2013) concur that there are long termeffects that begin manifesting themselves regarding infections inother parts of the body as per the spread of bacterial infection inthe body of the child. Therefore, this affects the status of thechildren in the society.

Psychologicalproblems for the teenagers with dental caries makes them feardifferent interventions that can help them. Essa et al. (2014) arguethat the occurrence makes them anti-social in the perspective thatthey would not like to have bad breath in the midst of otherstudents. Therefore, they are likely to hide instead of coming outfor help. Colak (2013) also argues that the fear that these teenagersadopt comes with definite lack of immunity thus exposing their bodiesto further infections by bacteria. Therefore, the occurrence of theillnesses makes it easier for other secondary ones to attack thestudents.


Theliterature review provides instrumental issues that revolve aroundthe creation of a healthy system for the children. Through thedifferent researches that have been conducted, there are certainconcepts that can be devolved in the manner of their inclinationtowards creating a good platform for the children to develop healthyteeth. The teething of children is an instructional component oftheir health that carries both short term and long term effects.Therefore, the use of the concepts brings up a good way to view thegeneration of a better platform to address the issues affectingchildren and how dental care affects them.

Theliterature review begins by the establishment of different ways inwhich dental care is administered. Through the different ways inwhich dental care is conducted, the research comes to a conclusion onthe way in which children should address dental related issues. Therole of parents and doctors is discussed in the section to show thatthe dental care is a collective responsibility for the parents andchildren. Another concept that is advanced is that of good health.Through the practice of the different avenues of ensuring a gooddental care for the children, it becomes easier to care for theirhealth.

Theliterature review also goes into the discussion of the manner inwhich dental caries affects the students and young children. This isdone by the analysis of other studies that had been conducted in thesame field. Therefore, the instance increases the potential of thereview to discuss the pertinent issues that affect the study.Moreover, through the creation of the platform to look at thedifferent long and short term effects of dental carries, it isnotable that the study comes out in a concrete way to advance thecreation of a way to perceive the different issues accompanying badoral hygiene.


Theresearch took a qualitative design to deal with the differentvariables of the study. Through the use of observation, the researchput some participants under scrutiny to ensure that they get thedefinite information from the different avenues. The participants, inthis case, are assured of privacy protection as it the ethicalrecommendation. The different participants are anonymous in theresearch as they are not stated.

Thesample size of the study is selected from children of different ages.The size of the sample is of 100 children who cut across differentages in the society. The ages included in the sample size range from8 months to 12-year-old children. The size enables the determinationof both short term and long term effect of the dental activities tothe children. Therefore, the determination of their success isefficient in addressing the occurrence of the different issuespertinent to the health of children. The population size was adequatein addressing the different factors within the dental care system.The variables are included in a manner that helps to determine thecreation of a way to determine the effects of the dental care tochildren.

Thedata was collected through a keen observation of the children on aday to day basis. Through the observation of the different samples inthe population, the research comes to a system here it helpsdetermine the manner in which is it essential to have the variablesstudied keenly. The data collection method gives the research aplatform to enhance and create a better view of the dental care amongchildren (Gupta et al. 2015). These collection methods are alsoefficient as they are based on the first-person experience thendocumentation. Therefore, the credibility of the data is proventhrough this model.

Theprocedure of collecting data for the study minimized bias since thepopulation was equally distributed across the different ages of thesociety. Thus, with the procedure, the data was not objective toparticular sides but discussed all the variables of the study in thebest way possible.


Thesample in the study had children from different ages to address theconcerns about dental care within the population of children. In thespecific samples, the research unveiled that different strategies arein application to help determine the association of the variables inthe study.

Dentalcaries has different effects on the health of a child. By thecreation of discomfort from pain and the loss of confidence, thedisease makes it easier for the child to have an anti-socialbehavior. An issue considered as simple to solve therefore comes upas greatly detrimental to the creation of a model that solves theissues. Significantly, the research reveals that there are higherinstances of pain in dental caries for the children who are between3-5 years old. The younger children feel a lesser impact of dentalcarries.

Whilethe short-term effects of dental caries include pain and swollengums, there are grievous long-term effects of dental caries thatinfluence the creation of a platform to advance the manner in whichthe issue is handled. Dental caries in children, when left untreatedmakes it difficult for them to socialize with the rest as they willhave lower confidence as well as fear medical interventions which canhelp them tackle the problem. Growth difficulties are alsoexperienced when the dental caries are untreated as well as the lossof teeth in some teenagers and occurrence of other diseases to theteenagers.

Findingsof the research

Thereare different short and long term effects of dental caries to theteenagers and children. For the short term effects, the diseasecripples the children ability to concentrate in class. The conditioncomes with the occurrence of pain that makes it tough for thechildren to concentrate in class. Nonetheless, stigmatization of thechildren is also an effect that they have to come up with. Therefore,the children who suffer from dental caries have different confidenceand interactional problems.

Thelong-term effects of dental caries include weight loss as thechildren suffering from these conditions have poor eating habits.Moreover, the children who suffer from these conditions are havinglower confidence levels as they do not have the right models tointeract with the healthier people. Another long-term effect of thecondition is the occurrence of other infections as a result of dentalcaries that they experience. Therefore, dental caries has thepotential of affecting the children in different ways including theirgrowth. Thus, the situation should be well handled to improve thestatus of the children in the society.

Recommendationsand Conclusion

Toadminister a good dental care for the children, which assures them ofbetter health, there are some activities that should be conducted.For instance, the parents should ensure they teach their children howto brush their teeth, use dental floss to remove germs in between theteeth. Moreover, parents can also apply the use of mouth guard whentheir children play to help administer a good health. Nonetheless,when the children have cases such as sores in the mouth andperiodontics, the parents should seek interventions from a trusteddoctor. Therefore, this would help in the creation of a way to viewthe occurrence of good health.

Inconclusion, dental caries has grave impacts on the children that areaffected by them. Through the infection of dental caries, childrenhave to undergo different occurrences that lower their associationwith others. On the other hand, school going children have to come upwith the situations that they undergo such as pain, which at timesmake them develop truant attitudes. The situation also leads to otherinfections that affect the children in a later lifetime. Therefore,to prevent dental caries infections, a parent or a guardian shouldensure they carry out the relevant dental care practices which willhelp in making the children have healthy teeth.


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Bonecker et al. 2014

Long term and short term effects of dental carries

Quantitative research design

The effect of dental caries reduced in the patients as they grew older

Dental caries affects a great portion of the subjects and it reduces with time

Chou et al. 2013

Health effects of dental carries

Qualitative research

Fluoride usage and enamel fluorosis have an effect on the acquisition of dental caries for a patient

There are specific chemicals that are used and they have an effect on the health of children.

Benzian et al. 2011

Symptoms of Dental Caries in school going children

Qualitative research

Swollen Jaws and Painful chewing are a symptom of dental carries

The symptoms of Dental caries in school going children are manifested in the health of their teeth and gums

Jackson et al. 2011

Dental caries and school absence in children

Quantitative research

Dental caries significantly causes much pain to children thus absenteeism from school.

Pain caused by dental caries affects student’s education.

Shakya et al. 2013

Effects of untreated dental disease in children

Quantitative research

Untreated dental disease affects the self-esteem of students in the long term.

The dental infections have a long term effect on children if left untreated

Mandal 2013

Dental Caries and Tooth lost in children

Quantitative research

Dental caries has an effect on the loss of teeth in the children’s population after they have developed permanent teeth

Dental caries contributes to a positive loss of teeth in the children

Sheiham 2016

Effects of Dental Caries on children’s growth

Qualitative research

Dental Caries has negative effects on the growth and development of children such as speech impairment

Dental Caries has a negative effect on the growth of children.

Colak et al. 2013

Short term effects of dental disease in children

Quantitative Research

Dental Disease has negative effects on children

Physical and Psychological effects of dental caries are manifested in the children

Essa et al. 2014

Psychological effects of dental caries in children

Quantitative Research

Dental disease induced fear in the different members of the population

Adolescents suffer from Fear of dental treatment

Colak 2013

Long term effects of dental disease in children

Qualitative Research

Dental disease has an effect on the later life on an individual if not well treated

Dental disease can transcend into other infections when not attended to in the right manner.