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Emergency Support Function 13

EmergencySupport Function 13

EmergencySupport Function 13 (ESF #13) for public safety and security isresponsible for effective coordination of law enforcement in a statein case of an emergency or disaster. isexpected to outline the law enforcement measures that should beimplemented to enable a country to react effectively when there is anemergency. is capable of protectingcritical buildings, public safety, and technology support, as well assecurity planning before and after an emergency. Furthermore, itshould forecast any looming danger and advice on the measures thatshould be taken to ensure that all people are safe.

EmergencySupport Function 13 Contents

The is made up of the primary agencies andsecondary agencies. The primary agencies are mainly the policedepartment. The secondary agencies include the Department ofTransportation, Sheriff`s Department, State Police, Office of theChief Medical Examiner, Department of Public Works, Department ofHealth-Roanoke Health Department, Fire-EMS Department, City Attorney,Emergency Management, and General Service Department.


Theprimary department of ESF #13 is responsible for maintaining law andorder when there is an emergency. This helps in preventing furtherdamages and injuries. Also, it is the one that issues directions andcontrols during evacuation so that there is no confusions during therescue process such that victims are vacated quickly and with ease(Ryan, 2013). Besides, the department ensures that the public doesnot get access to the damaged areas to prevent looting of propertiesthat have not been destroyed by an incidence. Furthermore, thesubdivision helps in controlling the crowd which, sometimes, caninterfere with the evacuation procedures. Police are also expected totake part in warning the local people of an impending danger so thatthey can prevent mass damages and loss of lives (Ryan, 2013).Moreover, the department helps in conducting counter-terrorismoperations as well as anti-terrorism maneuvers to ensure that thepublic is safe and secure (Maniscalco et al., 2011).

SupportDepartment Functions

TheCity Attorney assist in advising the law enforcement agenciespertaining to the emergency mandate that the local governmentpossesses as well as the likely effects on law enforcementrequirements that are applied to an emergency situation. The generalservices department assists in coordinating the resources that mightbe required during a state of urgency. Food and shelter are among thebasic needs that are essential during an emergency. An emergency or adisaster usually leaves many people displaced with no basics of life.For example, a fire accident can leave many individuals homeless andwith nothing to feed on. The public works branch helps in ensuringthat the routes that are used during an evacuation are open as wellas providing barricades that are used to restrict the crowd fromaccessing the damaged areas. The Sheriff`s unit assists incontrolling traffic, crowd, and maintaining law and order to makecertain that rescue operations go on well (Krouse et al., 2012).


Tosum up, plays important roles inensuring that the general public is secure and safe. It providesearly warnings to the public in case of a looming disaster. When thepublic is warned in advance, people will take the necessarymitigation measures that can help in reducing the vulnerability aswell as the possible losses. Besides, makes certain that the evacuation procedures are efficient andtrapped victims become rescued.


Krouse,W. J., &amp Library of Congress. (2012). Guncontrol legislation.Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service.

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Maniscalco,P. M., &amp Christen, H. T. (2011). Homelandsecurity: Principles and practice of terrorism response.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Ryan,M. (2013). Planning in the emergency operations center. Technologicalforecasting and social change,80(9),1725-1731.