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English Composition 2

EnglishComposition 2

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PROMPT1

Thetheories of evolution and creationism have been two opposing viewsfor a long time. Each theory has its evidence and counter-evidence onwhy the other is wrong. They have different perspectives on theorigin of life. Evolution theory draws support from scientists whilethe theory of creation is strongly advocated for by religious people.This paper will compare and contrast the opposing views of thesetheories drawing illustrations from Charles Darwin’s NaturalSelection.

Accordingto Miller (2014), Darwin explains that natural selection is animportant mechanism in evolution. It states that there existsvariation within the populations of all organisms. This arises fromthe random mutations that occur in the genomes of individualorganisms caused by various interactions with environmental factors.These mutations can be inherited by the offspring of the mutatedorganism. In natural selection, people with certain variations intraits may survive better and reproduce more than other traits.Natural selection mainly favors those individuals with heritabletraits that are stronger and better suited to the environment overthose without, therefore there is an evolution in the population. Charles Darwin, in his theory, states that &quotvariation is afeature of natural populations…the consequence of overproduction isthat the individuals with best genetic fitness produce offspringsthat can successfully compete in the environment.&quot Theconsequent generation will thus process a higher representation ofthose successful offsprings, and the population will have evolved(Miller, 2014).

Answersin Genesisacknowledges that the traits that improve the likelihood ofreproduction and survival will over time, become more widespread in agroup. Natural selection has frequently been misinterpreted as‘survival of the fittest.` This statement oversimplifies thisevolution mechanism by insinuating that it is the ‘survival ofthose who survive.` In reality, individuals don`t survive instead,what survives is the reproduction process. This website approachesthe concept of evolution from a well-established scientific. It alsotries to explain this concept by making the reader understand themeaning of ‘theory` and ‘evolution` as individual terms. Answersin Genesis is a reliable and valid source since they have citedreferences to Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace who firstproposed this mechanism of natural selection. The visual appearanceof this website shows that it is a resourceful and reliable source ofinformation since it contains good graphics and numerous links in itstexts that seek to add more strength to its opinions by redirectingthe reader to other related sites. The visitor comments are positiveand in support of the views expressed here.

Onthe other hand, the creationism theory is supported when it comes toreligious matters. The theory is the belief that everything universeand life, came into existence as a direct result of specific divineacts of creation from an all-powerful supreme being (Wiley OnlineLibrary). These beliefs are based on a literal reading of religioustexts such as the Bible and the Quran. The Bible describes thecreation theory in the Genesis Creation Accounts. In these creationaccounts, God creates all the universe and man by word of mouth. Thewebsite, which explains this view employs an argumentative approachto this concept by seeking to answer some questions that arise fromthe issue of the origin of life. It is reliable and validatable sinceit draws illustrations from the Biblical accounts of creation.Onlinelibrary (2016) appears authentic from first sight due to itsvisual appearance and professionalism. Comments from the visitors tothis website indicate the large fan base the website has who are insupport of its views.

PROMPT2

TheObligation to Endureis a text that was published in 1962. It asserts that there is alimited awareness that we have towards the threats our environment isfacing. In an era dominated by big businesses and industries whichoperate at the expense of the environment, we have come to acceptthat everyone has a right to make a dollar at whatever cost. RachelCarson illustrates that the damage to our environment throughcontamination in our air, land and water is irreversible and changesthe nature of life. In her book, Carson discussed the adverse effectsthat pesticides have on the environment in terms of affecting thesoil, water, and air and consequently animal and human life.

Theissue of the importance of industries and their effects on theenvironment has been contentious for a long time. The law protectsthe operations of industries, but it does not offer a clear guidelineon the interaction with the environment. My position on the rightsof business and the environment is that there is a need for clearlegislations that seek to regulate how these industries shouldinteract with the environment. Most industries emit pollutants suchas poisonous like carbon and oil spillages that contaminate the waterand air as well as the land. This degrades human rights as it puts usat risk of climate change such as global warming as explained byMckibben in TheEnvironmental Issue from Hell(P 666-668). I acknowledge that these industries have their rightsbut so does the community. Exposing people to environmental hazardsin the name of doing business and making a profit should not betolerated. As in the case described by Carson, the high levels ofstrontium 90 that have been released into the environment fromnuclear explosions have now been lodged in the soil and human bonesand may interfere with the human DNA (Carson, 19662. P 670). Overtime, the harsh consequences of this actions will come back to haunthumanity.

Thereis a need to find a solution or common ground. Businesses can stilloperate on green energy and reduce these unprecedented levels ofpollution. Just like Carson, I acknowledge there is a need to arousefeelings towards future generations and the hardships they mightendure unless we find a solution.

References

Answesingenesis,“Creationism”2016. Retrieved from: https://answersingenesis.org/creationism/

G.H. Miller. (2014). The McGraw-Hill Reader: Issues Across theDisciplines (12th ed.). (pp. 144). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Wileyonlinelibrary.Evolution,2016.Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291558-5646