- April 20, 2020
Global Migration Governance
GLOBAL MIGRATION GOVERNANCE 5
Thecash that people in foreigncountriessend to their native home is an imperativestand in the relationship that exists between migrations along withsocial change in the forgers’ land of origin. In the past years,the flow has attracted muchconcertation from scholars, researchers along with policy makers inthe allover. Currently,there is a concernin the obligation of remittance in violence and post-violencenations, where there is significant emigration taking place and alsowhere debatable remittance has the prowess of playing fundamentalrequirementin economic welfare. Notso much is known concerning paymentsfrom the scattering perspective, and much fewer regarding refugeesremitting(Lindley,2011).Many people from Somali who got a new home in the UnitedKingdomas a result of civil war send money to their family member in Somalieven though this action comes along with various drawback to theUniteKingdom.
Thecase of Somali is a good example. The civil conflict led tosignificantemigration within the zone leading to the recent growing remittanceof the economy. Following the study carried out bySomali citizens and immigrants in the UnitedKingdom,onethnographic research that took place in London 2004 – 2005(Lindley,2011).
Accordingto this paper, two questions arerelevant.First, what are the crescendos of dispatching among Somalians wholeave in London – what to comment about the amount and regularity oftransmittals, and the particular people and contact that existbetween them? Second, what are the implications of remitting from thepeople sending the money? (Lindley,2011).
Apartfrom the questions,the paper has three objectives. First, is to give considerableattention toforeigners as the main factor in this transferring process. Second,is it to involve analysis of social texture together with theeconomicangle of sending the money. Finally, put into consideration thepayments of a particulargroup that belongs to the foreignimmigrants: refugees. Hence, the paper investigates how persons inexile shapes the transmittals of Somali people living in London(Lindley,2011).
Theoutbreak of war in the late1980sand the following of subsequent breakdown of the state during 1991led to the massivemovement of Somalia people to other countries. At least one millioninhabitantsleave in foreign countries. Remitting is highly spread as a result ofcompetitive and vibrant money transfer sectors. Through remittance,there is financial flow in refugee camps,wrecked cities and also rural areas. Anexampleof those who came to London is Farhiya (Lindley,2011).
Londonis believed to be having the highest number of Somali people fromAfrica continent hence becoming the first city with the highestremittance transactions. Before the surfacing of the war,some people had gotten home in London from Somali. However,some came ontheir ownas others found their way into the UnitedKingdomas a result of smuggling process (Lindley,2011).
Theexactnumber of immigrants who take part in transferring moneyis not known,but chances are so many people areinvolved activity.And according to this study, many people accepted that they hadparticipated in movingmoney at one point or another including Farhiya who hadtosend money to her brother in Somali. Although some responded not tohave taken part in sending money because sometimes the process iscomplicated (Lindley,2011).
Accordingto the research, remittance relationship wasvarying. There are three main ways of sending the money. Forinstance, the most occurred remittances includesindividual-to-individualsending, one person to several receivers, and finally several to oneperson (Lindley,2011).
Thepaper explains how theyexpressed themselves with respect to remitting. First, most arecompelled to send money in reactions to the needs of one receivingthe money. Second, the matter of reciprocity emerged since some feltthey owe a lot to their family members who have seen them growing.Third is social pressure. Lastly, is economic disparities amongpeople due to security and poverty (Lindley,2011).
Duringremittance,some effects comeabout.For instance economic aspect, the socialdimension,it may end up becoming the source of worry among family living in theUnitedKingdom(Lindley,2011).
Macroand micro theory: it puts emphasis on wage differences together withthe reason that makes migrants moveto higher profits. Itassumes that nations with lower labor and relative capital may end uphaving a higherrate of wage hence increasing equilibrium compared to countries thathave higher workforce aboutcapital. The latter nations are always thought to be developingcountries.Among other factors these are the factors that immigrants around theworld take into consideration before starting their journey of movingfrom their native to the foreignland. The theory was founded by Lewis, Todaro,and Fei.(Kelle& Udo, 2011).
Thesecond theory is World System Analysis founded in 1974 byWallerstein. It expoundsthat movement“a natural outgrowth of dislocation and disruption that is notevitable,and it takes place during the process of capitalist development”(Rockwin,2016).
Inconclusion, the sending of money by foreigners to their land has itsadvantages inthe receiving country but drawbacks on the country where theforeigner stays. Several factors leadimmigrantsto sharethe money there have with their family members back home.
Kelle,& Udo. (2011, February). SociologicalExplanations between Macro and Micro and the Integration ofQualitative and Quantitative Methods.Retrieved from Qualitative Social:http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/966/2108
Lindley,A. (2011). Remittances . In A. Betts, GlobalMigration Governance(pp. 242-300). New York: Oxford University Press.
Rockwin.(2016, January 14). World-SystemsTheory.Retrieved from Boundless.com:https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/global-stratification-and-inequality-8/sociological-theories-and-global-inequality-72/world-systems-theory-429-537/