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Global North and the Developing World

GlobalNorth and the Developing World

GlobalNorth and the Developing World

Questionone

Themost significant threat to the stability of the Global North is themigrant crisis that the world is currently experiencing. The numberof migrants seeking asylum due to war and political instability,especially in the Middle East, has increased leading to an influx ofrefugees in the Global North (Danzinger and Smith, 2015).Additionally, the number of legal immigrants from Eastern andSouthern Europe moving to northern and western European countries hasalso increased. Immigration may lead to religious and ethnicfractionalization which is a recipe for violent conflicts and socialstrife. Furthermore, illegal immigration may strain the resources ofthe host country making it hard for it to provide necessary servicesto its citizens. The uncontrolled entry of illegal immigrants alsocast doubt on the capacity and resolve of a country in upholding itsterritorial legitimacy (Danzinger and Smith, 2015).

Themost appropriate strategy to solve the migrant crisis facing theGlobal North is establishing a better asylum procedure for theimmigrants. Trying to keep out immigrants has proven impossible formany countries, and this means that there is a need for a bettermethod to control the flow of foreigners. Immigrants should beoffered a safer, controlled method of applying for asylum so as tominimize the incidences of dangerous smuggling (Abugbilla, 2016).Citizens should also be sensitized on the need to respect the rightsof immigrants to avoid unnecessary confrontations. Furthermore, thereshould be a program to integrate the immigrants into the society toreduce the feeling of exclusion. European countries should alsoconsider sharing the burden of refugees on the continent.Nonetheless, some European nations believe that they are being leftto deal with the issue of immigrants on their own (Abugbilla, 2016).

Questiontwo

Whilethere are actions by the developed nations that hamper growth indeveloping countries, stagnation is mainly caused by domesticcircumstances. One of the leading causes of underdevelopment iscorruption and poor governance(Ross, Ostroff &amp Jernigan, 2014).Developing countries that have people of different cultures,languages, and backgrounds are more susceptible to corruption. Weakinstitutions in developing countries also play a part in encouragingcorruption. Therefore, resources are wasted instead of been used fordevelopment purposes. Then again, the huge debts owed by thedeveloping countries has hampered economic and social development isthe. Consequently, the developing countries end up using most oftheir resources to pay up their debts rather than investing indevelopment projects thus, it can lead to economic stagnation(Ross, Ostroff &amp Jernigan, 2014).

Furthermore,the lack of economic and social development is the restrictions thattheir governments impose on trade. Most underdeveloped countries haveput up trade barriers to protect their local markets from foreigncompetition. The restrictions end up hurting international trade thatis a valuable source of revenue (McArthur &amp Werker, 2016). Thegovernment also controls the large industrial firms in the developingnations. For example, most of the big firms are owned and run bytheir respective government, which locks out private entities who caninject new ideas as well as greater investment. Additionally, lack ofgood infrastructure is a limiting factor in developing nations. Poorinfrastructure increases the cost of producing goods due to hightransportation costs for the raw materials and finished products.Furthermore, foreign and local investors are reluctant to spend theirmoney in countries that do not have basic amenities (McArthur &ampWerker, 2016). However, other factors such as low employment ratesand difficulty in accessing financial services can have a significantimpact on the economic development of a country.

References

Abugbilla,F. M. (2016). Terrorism, Migration Crisis and the Future ofBorderless Europe. InternationalJournal of Humanities &amp Social Science Studies, 3(1),192-205.

Danziger,J. N. &amp Smith, C. A. (2015). Understandingthe Political World: A Comparative Introduction to Political Science(12thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: PearsonEducation.

McArthur,J.W. &amp Werker, E.(2016).Developingcountries and international organizations: Introduction to thespecial issue. TheReview of International Organizations, 11(2),155-169.