- April 6, 2020
On4thOctober 2016, a disaster struck in Haiti, the poorest country in thewestern hemisphere. , a type of a tropical cyclonehit the south and western part of Haiti, the Atlantic coast (coveringcoastal areas of Florida, North Carolina, Georgia and SouthCarolina).The devastating hurricane led to upsetting damage toproperty and crops, loss of lives and a downturn in the economies. Ata speed of 74mph, the hurricane Matthew was strongest and the mostdestructive storm to ever hit the country after Hurricane Cleo of1964. was categorized as a level 4 type of stormsand was characterized by heavy rainfalls, strong tides, and highwinds.
Theeffect of in Haiti
Accordingto the report realized by the United Nations high commission, anestimate of two hundred homes were destroyed, and 1.4 million peoplewere left in dire need of assistance. Furthermore, communicationlines and transport infrastructure were destroyed making it evenharder to supply emergency aid to the victims. Sadly, one of theaftermath results of this hurricane was the cholera outbreak whichwiped a portion of the victims. Along with destroying elevenmunicipalities along the coast, the storm wiped out animals, cocoaand coffee plantations, eventually leaving the Haitians without anyfood for consumption. The excessive flooding associated with thehurricane led to the destruction of power lines, bridges, schools,hospitals, and roads. Other effects of the hurricane were the povertythat was attributed to the loss of property, the rising cost of basicneeds, suchas food and destruction everyday sources of income thatcomprised of economic activities. Nevertheless, two weeks after thesubsiding of the disaster, positive transformations were realized.Schools were reopened, and the roads were improved to pave the wayfor more humanitarian assistance in the area.
Despitethe potential general destruction, high-risk areas for damage byhurricanes include improperly attached roofs and walls, weakstructures, infrastructures situated in the low-lying areas of thecoast region, shanties, harbors and loss of life to the fishers.
Thecauses of Hurricanes
Ahurricane is defined as a humid storm which is formed by winds withspeed of about 74 mph. Hurricanes are a part of tropical cyclonesthat are characterized by low-pressure systems, warm temperatures atthe core and violent winds that decrease in speed with an increase inheight. Hurricanes are formed as a result of condensed water vaporthat forms over subtropical water bodies and forms purely on oceanswith warm waters of about 80°F.Wind action is crucial in theformation of a hurricane (Temmerman and Kirwan 189). The Hurricaneshave an “eye,” which ranges from 20 to 30 miles and can begeographicallyexplainedas winds that blow in an enormous coiled spiral around a comparativecalm core. The occurrence of hurricanes is associated with highwinds, torrential rains, landslides, flooding and raging storms. Anintense hurricane may spawn tornadoes that are destructive to a greatextent on the mainland.
Theformation of a hurricane
Dueto evaporation on water bodies such as oceans, warm and moisture-fullair rises from the ocean surfaces. Due to a reduction in pressure,space is created,whichis then filled with cool air.As a result of this continuous process, there is a formation ofmoisture, laden clouds expand at a rapid speed. Weather changes beginto show, and thunderstorms accompanied by heavy rains areexperienced. The rising of the air results to a decrease in pressureat higher altitudes and eventually a circular motion is generatedaround a core point. The circular system moves over warmer oceanareas, and with more expansion of clouds, winds speed up, ultimatelycreating a storm. The “eye” is then surrounded by massive andranging movements of thunderstorms and spins gushing along the oceanwaters towards the shore. The hurricane is now on full blast, andonce it reaches land, it creates landfalls and inevitabledestruction.
Theeconomic effect of hurricanes
Overa considerable duration of years, economists have come up withcontroversial ideas of to the extent of which hurricanes aredisastrous to the economy of countries and regions. Economists havecome up withconclusionsthat seektooffer explanation of the various implications of storms andhurricanes. The catastrophe might completely lead to a collapse ofthe economy. This aspect is more evident in situations whereby theannual economic growth rate, registers a persistent suppression ofthe succeeding year due to the reoccurrence of the hurricanetragedies. The economy may also be affected temporarily, which aftera certain period would grow back to normal. The tragedy may also leadto an even greater growth as new investment pour in to replace thedamaged assets
Nevertheless,hurricanes pose as one of the most potent threats to the both thelives and economy of people. Commercial, infrastructure, residentialand public buildings are damaged hence comprising the economy. Windsthat are usually associated with hurricanes are tremendously deadlyand destructive. Both rich and developing countries experience loss,but the regions with less history of storm invasion experience thehigher magnitude of the catastrophe.
Hurricanesform part of natural phenomena and create environmental, social andeconomic damages. Catastrophic effects such as loss of lives,destruction people’s properties and compromise of sources oflivelihood are experienced and may take years to build thingstogether again. In some circumstances, the whole society isvehemently affected, and it is hard to regain normality especiallywith the lack of external support (Parketal.152).
Perhapsone of the most disturbing effectsof hurricanes is the collapsing ofthe economic that is experienced in the bid to prevent the occurrenceor an attempt to regain the lost. Government and other authoritiesspend an enormous amount of resources to prevent occurrences ofhurricanes. Rebuilding cities, infrastructure and handling emergencyissues result in high costs (Park etal.154).
Inconclusion, there is no doubt that hurricanes have an adverse impactnot only on the economies of affected countries but also on the livesof affected individuals. It usually takes a significant amount oftime before people can fully heal from such impacts.
Park,JiYoung, HarryRichardson, James Moore and Qisheng Pan."The economic impacts of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on the oiland port sectors." National Economic Impact Analysis ofTerrorist Attacks and Natural Disasters (2014): 152.
Temmerman,Stijn, and Matthew Kirwan. "Building land with a rising sea."science 349.6248 (2015): 588-589.