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IMPORTANT DESIGNER IN ARCHITECTURE

FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT 1

IMPORTANTDESIGNER IN ARCHITECTURE

Due

The world consists of buildings that portray unique designs from thebusiness premises, places of worship, and residential areas. Some ofthe structures were constructed many years ago while others have beenrecently erected. The buildings are well decorated making it almostimpossible to determine the best. The architects draw theirinspirations from various elements, which enable them to developunique models that make them renowned all over the world. Every youngperson who is beginning their architectural career aspires togenerate and implement projects that meet not only the human needsbut also one that conforms to the standards and guidelines set by thegovernment. Many important designers in architecture are known allover the world for their plans and famous buildings such as FrankLloyd Wright. The paper seeks to discuss the important event in hislife, identify who or what influences his work, and introduce some ofthe important pieces he has designed.

Frank Lloyd Wright was a modern architect, born in 1867 in RichlandCenter community in the United States (Cline, 2016). Wright’sinterest in architecture began at an early age while studying atMadison High school. He used to spend his summer holiday at hisuncle’s farm where he realized his dream in design. It was in 1885when he began working for Allan Conover, at the University ofWisconsin (Cline, 2016). His desire to venture into architecture wasso great that after graduating from high school education he enrolledfor a civil engineering degree since the institution did not trainindividuals in architecture at the time. As he studied, he was alsoworking for the Dean at the University. In 1887, he moved to Chicagowhere he got to work alongside architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee (Cline,2016). The first building that he got to design was the Lloyd-Jonesfamily chapel or the Unity Chapel. He later began working at theAdler and Sullivan firm where he worked under Louis Sullivan. Hiscareer in architecture advanced at the time, and with more years ofexperience he revealed his great potential as a young and aspiringarchitect.

The most important event in the life of Frank Lloyd Wright was whenhe designed his home at Oak Park, Chicago (Ahlfeldt &amp Mastro,2012). The house emphasized on the use of horizontal lines, interiorlight and open spaces. The structure is considered the mostsignificant event in Wright’s life because it led to thedevelopment of his signature plan that was known as the Prairiearchitectural style. The Prairie is considered unique as the projectwas independent of the European features. People argue that thedesign had a philosophical impression and thus dubbed it as the“Organic Architecture” (Hummell, 2013). The architecturalmasterpiece is also considered essential as it contributed to therevolution of architecture. Wright used natural materials and neverpainted his structures as he wanted to the homes to blend with theenvironment. Such practices changed the course of buildings that werebeing erected in the 20th C as most of them focused on thenatural world (Hoffmann, 2012). The invention of the Prairie style isalso significant as it enabled Wright to achieve his desire ofcreating a new democratic design. The model was suitable to themodern American lifestyle and did not rely on the old European plans(Ahlfeldt &amp Mastro, 2012). The use of Prairie style inarchitecture allowed him to work alongside other practitioners, andtogether they formed the Prairie School that got to train otheraspiring architects of the design style. Wright even became the chiefpractitioner of the institution as Prairie continued becoming popularin the United States and Europe (Hummell, 2013).

Wright got his inspiration in architecture from different sources.One person who made him more determined to achieve his goals indesign is Daniel Burnham, who was considered the most influentialarchitect in Chicago. Wright had just opened a new office for hisarchitectural practice that saw him employ at least ten assistants.The first work that he did at the premises was designing a house forW. H. Winslow that attracted the attention of Burnham (Hoffmann,2012). The Chicago architect offered Wright work at his firm as theprincipal designer, after he subsidized for him to study in Europe.The offer was attractive as it would enhance Wright’s career, buthe declined it. After making the decision, Wright became moredetermined to develop a new and suitable architectural style. It isevident that Burnham’s offer impacted Wright as he later became thechief practitioner of the Prairie architecture. The Midwesternculture of America that comprised of a broad and a flat landscape isalso believed to have inspired Wright to develop the first uniqueAmerican architectural style (Ahlfeldt &amp Mastro, 2012). Beforethe development of the Prairie style, the architects relied on theEurope designs, which Wright believed did not conform to the modernAmerican way of living.

Some of the most important pieces that Wright got to design includethe Falling water. The home was built in 1935 in South WesternPennsylvania (Hoffmann, 2012). It became popular because of the wayit merges into the natural environment of a waterfall allowing aperson to enjoy the luxury of nature. Another significant piece isthe Guggenheim Museum in New York. The museum was commissioned in1943, but its construction began later in 1956 (Hoffmann, 2012).Wright’s model of the Guggenheim incorporated traditional museumdesign of the spiral coils that flowed both outward and upward. Itsinterior lighting was obtained from a dome of glass and supportedadequate open space for exhibition.

In conclusion, Frank Lloyd Wright was a significant architect whosemost important event in life was constructing the home in Oak Parkthat first portrayed the Prairie Style. Other designers and theabsence of a plan that suited the modern American way of livinginfluenced his work.

References

Ahlfeldt, G., &amp Mastro, A. (2012). Valuing Iconic Design: FrankLloyd Wright Architecture in Oak Park, Illinois. Housing Studies,27(8), 1079-1099. doi:10.1080/02673037.2012.728575

Cline, J. (2016). This is Frank Lloyd Wright. School LibraryJournal, 62(10), 139.

Hoffmann, D. (2012). Understanding Frank Lloyd Wright`sArchitecture. Courier Corporation.

Hummell, L. (2013). Discovering the Amazing World of Frank LloydWright`s Designs. Children`s Technology &amp Engineering,18(1), 22-25.