- May 17, 2020
Instructor`s name Subject
Effectof Diaspora on Native and Offshoot Cultures
Atthe moment, people seem to be on the move more than ever before.These individuals range from refugees, migrants, tourists, pilgrims,missionaries, workers, civil exiles and students among many others.With this massive load of moving people, the effects expand from thenative community to the Diaspora and vice-versa. As such offspringfrom a particular area spread to various regions and in the process,their descendants experience an acculturation process. In most cases,the ties maintained by the groups at home become affected, and theoffshoot community becomes different from the original one. In 2010alone, the American
AnthropologicalAssociation dedicated up to 114 sessions to Diasporas. Apparently,more than 100 million individuals reside away from their native land.These people constitute a significant proportion of the population inother countries all over the world. Specifically, Australia hostsclose to 20% while Japan and Spain less than 5%. The dispersion ofpopulation represents a continuous process with significantimplications both regarding economic and cultural alterations. Therise of distinct civilizations is founded on knowledge andexperiences transferred across boundaries by the members of variouscultures. The effects of Diaspora has received much attention,especially the effects of immigrants from poor regions. However,long-term effects of migration patterns to the cultures andcommunities of origin have not received as much devotion. It isevident that expatriates affect the culture they have left behindsignificantly. The impacts are felt beginning from the national levelto the distinct cultures in the home countries. This is because whenthe people move, they exert a certain influence back home. Thediaspora phenomenon, therefore, has paramount consequences foreconomic changes and culture both at home and abroad [ CITATION Rob15 l 1033 ].
Someauthors have insinuated that migrants usually possess a “toolbag”which is composed of particular sets of skills and abilities based ona given cultural group. When these individuals join the culture ofanother nation, they tend to introduce certain aspects as part oftheir day-t-day life. In most instances, their cultural capital ismade up of values, skills, training, language, custom and learnedsocial behaviors. In a sense, the exiles are ambassadors of theirculture in the new surroundings. As such, their endeavors arecarefully observed and followed by those left behind. Therefore, anychanges made to the “toolbag” can be disseminated to them.Likewise, the success or failure of members of the diaspora is likelyto be realized and perceived as evidence for well or not a personfrom that system can perform in a different context. A relevantexample is that of an academic who is successful in another nation [ CITATION Ste131 l 1033 ].His initial colleagues would be intently watching critically to seeif their culture has value and also if there are compromisesnecessary for success.
Inmost cases, a person tends to maintain his or her original culturedespite moving from the original place. As the person continues withlife on the other side, there is constant communication with friendsand family who remained behind. Similarly, the person in diasporawill look for individuals who come from his original home to try andretain the sense of attachment and identity. The developedcommunities tend to be the source of hybrid cultures which arecomposed of elements from home and host cultures. As the people goabout doing their activities they tend to employ their culturalcompetencies and in the process, their struggles and culturetransformation are communicated back to their homelands through thenetwork of relatives and colleagues. As the people in the native landhear of the success or failures), they tend to have a certain pointof view. For example, the Chinese people may have noticed that theircomrades in overseas were thriving in business despite language andcultural barriers. Such an observation after that becomes the focalpoint for a change. As they continue to communicate, new anddifferent ways of pursuing careers and deployment of resources areintroduces gradually [ CITATION Ste131 l 1033 ].
Ina similar fashion, those who fail can sometimes be publicized throughthe media. Such cases can be seen as negative exemplars, hencedramatizing cultures. When the people in homelands see such things,they become discouraged and perceive the event as a warning signalthat makes them avoid the people in that region and any relatedtransnational careers. Diaspora can also be greatly felt at thenational level in the Native areas. In some cases, people may beforced out of their homelands due to factors such as war, famine,slavery and unrest among other causes. Individuals who move undersuch circumstances experience a sense of loss. However, some peoplejust leave without such forebodings. A good number of charactersdepart with the aim of pursuing economic and educational prospects,with the ultimate intention of returning home after completing themission. In such instances, the greatest influence of fundamentalcultural change is felt when such people return famous and fruitfulyet with new ideas. The acquired way of life plays a central role inthe redefinition of the natural, cultural capital. A defining momentthus arrives when the indigenous people accept the idea thatseemingly transformed the successful individual. No example surpassesthat of the young John F. Kennedy as president of America coming toIreland and being received by the much older Irish leader Eamonn deValera. The contrast between the two individuals was interpreted bymany as urban sophistication versus tradition and simplicity, leadingto the lurch towards embracing internationalism and moderntechnology.
Massmovement through the provision of opportunities, especially for studypurposes, has the potential to create massive influence. As people gooverseas, the educational levels and knowledge gained serves as astepping stone towards greater political and administrativepositions. As such, when the individuals in diaspora return home,they are seen to fit ministerial posts, important jobs in educationalinstitutions, finance offices, and business. Such intense influx oflearned and classy Diasporas into the hometown translates to acorresponding change in the way of doing things. The culturalexperiences felt in the foreign country become introduced to thefirst nation. Ultimately, alternative ways of life and practicesbecome instilled. For instance, China returnees with a lot ofachievement paved the way for more China citizens to seek educationalopportunities in the United States.
Whenimmigrants interact with new cultural contexts, they are almostalways compelled to change their cultural toolbags. This is mainlybecause the new place has its demands including language, etiquettepatterns, culinary skills and even child upbringing practices. Theexpatriates are left with no choice but to modify their way of lifehence developing a hybrid culture. Such fusions do not necessarilymean that it is superior. They are just varied from both the borrowedand original cultures. Hybrid cultures have a tendency of competingwith home cultures concerning pre-eminence. There is intensecompetition to capture the perceptions, imagination, anddescriptions. The United States is a country that can be regarded asa cultural hybrid nation possibly due to the reverse influence of thenew settlers.
Fashionis also one of the major cultural alterations due to Diaspora. InChina, Asian-American fashion designers have brought into being theimportance of aesthetic recognition when it comes to the branding fortheir wares. This phenomenon serves as a successful means ofpositioning the business in a globalized marketplace. The source ofsuch practices seems to originate from the emergence ofAsian-American fashion designers. These people entered the limelightsoon after they aligned the creative Chinese visions with that of theglobal mainstream cultures more so the United States. The creativityattracted more people to the fashions hence making those brands tolead in the consumer market. The communication of their appealingdesigns created a momentum for the people in China to beginpracticing similar plans hence making brands with domestic originstyles. There is always a tension between the existing and the newcultures. The desire to follow the footsteps of successfulindividuals in the overseas countries. Ultimately aestheticreferences are developed with strong associations to the countries oforigin`s culture and iconography [ CITATION Fer12 l 1033 ].As seen here the Chinese heritage and tradition regarding fashion aregreatly influenced by the designers in the diaspora who communicatetheir creativity an art to those at home.
Hmongimmigrants in the United States have placed a lot of emphasis andaction on the need to maintain their culture. The Hmong toolbag wasenhanced through teaching children the native language, rituals,folklore, and dance. However, the primary mission was to acculturatewhile at the same time retaining the original culture and heritage. Aclose examination of places and cultures indicate that the furtherone is from his or her origins, then the more the gap created fromone’s authentic culture. Apparently, the Hmong way of life wassignificantly affected by the American culture leading to theformation of the aforementioned hybrid culture. However, as anoffshoot culture, Hmong-ness also had its implications in the hostcountry. Since the traditions were retained in the highlightedmethods, their identity tended to remain relatively constant andcontinuous. As a matter of fact, the narrow ideology of cultureproved to be a link connecting the members to their cultural identity[ CITATION Bic15 l 1033 ].
Thesocial changes cannot be ignored more so concerning the rise of themafia in the United States. The Mafia is widely known as a network ofindividuals involved in organized crime with their bases in Americaand Italy. However, the source of these groups was in Sicily, and theevolution from their initial purpose to the current activities canonly be linked to the Diaspora phenomenon. At first, Siciliansdeveloped mafia groups for protection against invaders, so there wereno criminal connotations. However, as time went by, the groups due tocultural changes acquired from other regions, began extorting othersfor the protection of property and later on turned to violence andother criminal activities. The Italian mob, on the other hand, is anextension of the Sicilian mafia. A classic example of how diasporaaffects native and offshoot cultures. Apparently, the violence andchaos due to the presence of Romans, Arabs, French and Spanish led tothe creation of the Mafia in Sicily and after that, its replicationin America [ CITATION Rob15 l 1033 ].
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