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TexasDemographics

Thedemographic aspects illustrate that the population growth in Texas isconsiderably high. The population in the state is growing at a higherrate than the nation. For instance, the population growth between2000 and 2003 exceeded 22 million which was twice as high as thenation. As per the 2013 U.S. Bureau of the Census approximations, thepopulation in Texas increased by roughly 5.1 percent i.e. 1302632between 2010 and 2013. Back in 2010, the population was 25,145,561which increased to 26,448,193 in 2013. As such, it leads the countryin terms of numerical rise. Regarding percent populace growth, Texaswas positioned third as the fastest growing states between 2010 and2013. In numerical aspects, since 2006, Texas has been the fastestgrowing state. In addition to that, the population is highlydiversified. The ratio of Hispanics of any race hit 38% in 2012 from37.6% back in 2010. As for the non-Hispanics, it decreased to 44.3%from 45.3% in the same period. Close to 56% of the Texans come fromminority groups i.e. Hispanics, blacks, and others [CITATION DAn05 p 38 l 1033 ].

Accordingto race, the non-Hispanic white rose by a mere 1.4% between 2010 and2012. The Hispanic Black group increased by 3.5%, the Hispanic groupby 5.9%, and the non-Hispanic other population by 7.4 percent. Birthrates within the state are much higher than any other. The state hashigher-than-average birthrate. The median age of Texas people, likethe U.S., is increasing. Texas’s mean age rose from 33.6 to 34between 2010 and 2012. The state is ranked 49th out of 50 regardingthe median age. The non-Hispanic’s median age rose from 41.3 to41.9 years during the same period. For the non-Hispanic blacks, themedian age rose from 32.1 in 2010 to 32.8 in 2012. On the other hand,the average age for the Hispanics rose from 27 to 27.5 in the sameperiod. The 2012 statistics also showed that the mean age ranged from24.8 years within Brazos County to roughly 55.8 years in Llano. Theratio of the elderly i.e. 65 years and above rose from 10.3 to 11 [CITATION Naz14 p 3 l 1033 ].

Thoughmigration is not the primary reason why the population is increasingin this manner, it still draws attention. According to thestatistics, the immigrant population within the state grew rapidlybetween 2001 and 2003. This is because the rates are much higher thanthe natives. Perhaps, this can be attributed to the fertility ratesattributed to Hispanics i.e. 2.5 as compared to 2.1 for the UnitedStates in 2004. In 2000, Texas was ranked second behind Utah in termsof fertility rates. The primary reason why people are drawn to thestate is because of the profuse natural resources and land. The statehas a robust economy with an encouraging business climate. Evenduring the 2003 recession, migration remained relatively high [CITATION DAn05 p 39 l 1033 ].

Inthe coming years, the changes will have significant consequences tothe social amenities. For instance, the youth population iscontinuously rising hence heightening the demand for new schools andcreation of more jobs. The demand for housing will increase due tothe older population. Apart from that, the need to offer social andhealth care services will increase. The population changes in Texasforeshadows changes in congressional seats, student population, andracial/ethnic alignment of the labor market. As such, the stategovernment should be ready to construct more social and educationalamenities to cater for the growing population. The changes are alsolikely to be experienced in the political avenues as patterns ofCouncil governments, metropolitan, cities, and counties will shift.For instance, as stated above, the congressional seats compositionare likely to change [CITATION Mic111 p 35 l 1033 ].

Regardingthe effect on partisan politics, the growing number of Hispanic voteis a represents an opportunity as well as challenges to theDemocratic Party. Though the population is large, only a few turnoutto vote. Depending on how immigration reforms are handled, both therepublicans and Democrats are set to gain or lose. According to aprincipal at Latino Decisions, Sylvia Manzano, “At one time TheTexas Republican Party was the model surrounding the Hispanicoutreach. However, with time they are using harsh policies andlanguage that has deteriorated their relations. As such, they givethe democrats chances to sway the group [CITATION Man14 p 1 l 1033 ].”

Eventhough the Hispanic population is continuously growing in the state,according to statistics, almost 61 percent of the eligible Hispanicvoters did not vote. As compared to the white population, the figurerepresents a 22 point difference. Another statistic concernsdocumentation. Roughly 58 percent of the Hispanic voters have familymembers or friends who are not documented. Most of the HispanicTexans support the party that offers a smooth pathway to citizenship.Hispanic Texans have the propensity to vote for Republican candidatesmore than any other state. In the coming years, the trend maycontinue if they are offered a route to citizenship which most ofthem crave [CITATION Man14 p 1 l 1033 ].

WorksCited

Assanie, D’Ann Petersen and Laila. &quotThe Changing Face of Texas: Population Projections and Implications.&quot (2005): 37-44.

Michael Cline, Steve Murdock, John McCray, Jolanda Prozzi, and Robert Harrison. &quotDemographic Data Use and Demographic Data Needs at the Texas Department of Transportation and Related Agencies.&quot (2011): 1-61.

Nazrul Hoque, Clyde McNeil, and Jim Granato. &quotPatterns of Population Change in Texas, 2010-2013.&quot (2014): 1-26.