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Learning Deficiencies Abstract



Inthe current competitive business world, employee satisfaction is amajor requirement. It is vital to ensure the workforce is adequatelyfurnished to undertake their duties diligently. Therefore, anemployer is tasked with satisfying them. Nonetheless, workers facenumerous physical and emotional challenges in the line of duty. Theissues result in demoralization among other detrimental effects thatcan affect the corporation’s stability. Chief among them is thelearning deficiency. Scholars have tried to comprehend the differentlearning difficulties and how they affect the corporation. Thedifficulty has been linked to poor quality of service,miscommunication, and low productivity. Since the aspect can bebiological, employers are tasked with accommodating such workers. Assuch, companies necessitate therapies among other mechanisms to suitthe different types of employees.


Employeesface numerous challenges in the workplace. Some of the issues includeinterpersonal conflict, gossip, discrimination, performance,harassment, bullying, communication problems, low motivation and jobsatisfaction. The range of issues depends on the occupation. Manypeople spend almost a third of their adult lives working,occupational problems being a major source of stress. It is hard tofind a workplace where everyone’s personalities, expectations, androles work seamlessly together, minus conflict. In that regard,particular problems in the workplace might cause undesirablepsychological symptoms. According to studies, workplace stress islinked to heightened levels of mental disorders like anxiety anddepression. Employees may resort to sharing their experiences at workto trained professionals to relieve their stresses. Learningdeficiency is also a common problem that results in poorcommunication among other detrimental impacts. Therefore, this paperwill give a comprehensive analysis of learning weaknesses in theworkplace and the counseling and disciplinary approaches utilized toaddress them.

GeneralOutlook of the Issues in the Workplace

Asillustrated above, the extent of the effects is dependent on the typeof occupation. For instance, healthcare practitioners face stresschallenges when their patients die. This is because most of themcreate a tight bond that assists their patients to feel better. Whenthey die, the practitioners are left in stress. Apart from that, theyare under immense pressure emanating from stressed families, illpatients, and overburdened health care facilities. As such, stressand violence is a common issue in the medical facilities. In thiscase, stress can be described as the emotional and physical responsethat occurs when the job requirements do not match the needs,resources, or capabilities of the workers. Violence, on the otherhand, is the incident where workers are threatened, assaulted,abused, or subjected to offensive behaviors in situations associatedwith their job. Violence can be both psychological and physical.Violence emanates from immense pressure or rather stress. Theseaspects are common in the workplace irrespective of the field [ CITATION Pri13 l 1033 ].

Anothercase involves demotivation. A demotivated workforce is injurious tothe corporation’s productivity. A worker should be highly motivatedto undertake his/her duties diligently. However, it is not the casein many institutions. In situations where employees are not treatedfavorably, the quality of service is bound to suffer. Some of theaspects that contribute to poor services include impropercommunication, lack of incentives, poor infrastructure, inadequatestaffing, and a hostile working environment. One of the coredetrimental impacts on employee motivation is the sense of feelingundervalued. When a worker feels that their efforts are not beingappreciated or recognized, they lack the commitment and energy intheir roles. Poor management and communication are other demoralizingaspects in the workplace. In the absence of proper communication,employees depend on rumors that are often misleading. Motivation isalso affected by the deficiency in infrastructure. When workers lackthe essential elements to conduct their duties, they tend to besluggish and psychologically demoralized [ CITATION NSW13 l 1033 ].

Commonlyused Counseling Approaches

TheCritical Incident Stress Debriefing (CIS) Management Tool wasdesigned to reduce the stress levels of the victims of abuse ortrauma. Whether one has experienced or witnessed the act, this toolaims to reduce the stress levels. The device is utilized in medicalfacilities and security agencies among others. The police officersusually witness traumatic events in the line of duty. Some lose theircolleagues, and others witness disturbing crimes. As humans, theyfeel stressed when they lose a partner in the line of duty probablyduring a shootout. Health care practitioners undergo traumatic eventson a daily basis. The quality of attention will be at a significantrisk if the stress levels are not reduced. They witness theirpatients or loved ones dying or critically ill. In some instances,they have to work with limited resources to maintain the quality ofservice [ CITATION Nat11 l 1033 ].

Thereare many means in which psychiatric therapy can be valuable to assistin solving workplace problems. It can efficiently treat anxiety,depression among other medical health issues that come fromchallenges emanating from places of work. Counselors can instillhealthy managing skills that workers can utilize to controloccupational issues like stress. For instance, assists individuals toidentify and alter their unhealthy thoughts resulting in enhancedmood as well as overall well-being. During psychotherapy, stressmanagement methods like meditation or mindfulness. Analysis cansimilarly be convenient for increasing a person’s confidence incommunication and conflict resolution skills. The skills are thenapplied at the place of work to enhance one’s experience [ CITATION Nat11 l 1033 ].

Occupationalcounseling is a particular kind utilized on matters like performance,satisfaction, and job fit. Vocational counselors assist workers topinpoint their particular talents and abilities so as to help themcreate career objectives and chose jobs that are suitable. Anotherkind of therapy utilized in the workplace is the industrial andorganizational (I-O) psychology. In this type, they focus on humanbehavior. As such, I-O therapists are at times taken to the place ofwork to detect areas of concern and assist employees to develop morehealth and collaborative working environment [ CITATION Nat11 l 1033 ].


Alearning deficiency is an impairment emanating from neurological andaffects a particular region of knowledge. It may cause difficultiesfor a person to work, behave, or learn in an ordinary manner. Some ofthe common types of learning deficiencies include sequencing disorderthat involves a difficulty in order of a series on matters. Itresults in prioritizing issues, organizing, and followinginstructions among others. Another deficiency entails language. Inthis aspect, one has difficulties with receptive language i.e.comprehending and remembering both written and oral. People also haveissues when it comes to visual perceptual and motor. In this case, itentails processing of information culminating to spelling, writing,and reading problems. It is also connoted as dyslexia. Another typeof learning deficiency involves auditory issues. A worker having thisdisorder cannot process sounds to differentiate words that soundfamiliar. Memory disorders are also common in the workplace causingdifficulty in recovering particular data from the brain in reasonabletime. Fine and gross motors also inhibit coordination. This can leadto handwriting problems [ CITATION Can14 l 1033 ].

Causesof Learning Deficiency

Thedeficiencies emanate from neurological dissimilarities in the brainsystem and function. This affects an individual’s capability toretrieve, communicate, receive, process, or store information. Thoughthe nature of these disorders in the brain are not well defined,substantial advancements have been made to map some of the featuresto particular parts of the cerebellum. Apart from that, other studiesstrive to show the relation between genetics and the decencies. Forinstance, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) andassociated conditions happening with significant regularity in thesame families members. According to the National Center for LearningDisabilities, learning disabilities can also emanate from insults tothe evolving brain prior to or during birth. It involves factors likealcohol or drug use during pregnancy, maternal illness, malnutrition,or injury, prolonged or premature birth, oxygen deprivation, and lowbirth weight. Postnatal occurrences leading to learning deficiencymay include exposure to severe substances like lead, seriousnutritional and traumatic injuries [ CITATION Lea16 l 1033 ].The causes can begrouped as described below:


Thegenetic center for learning deficiencies (LD) has been researched viatwin studies, family pedigree, and sibling analysis. According to thetwin studies, if one of them has a reading issue the other one willlikely have it. The probability of them having the issue is at 40%for fraternal twins and 68% for identical twins. Similar findings canbe observed among twins with language and speech issues. Familialcommunication of LDs indicates that if there is a family account i.e.siblings, extended family, and parents of reading, language, orspeech deficiency, the likelihood of the same heightens. Severalapproaches of transmission have been examined [ CITATION Mar111 l 1033 ].

Abnormalitiesin Fetal Brain Development

Allthrough the pregnancy period, the fetal brain grows from a fewuniversal cells into a multifaceted organ comprising of numerousinterconnected and specialized nerve cells. However, an alteration tothe normal growth may deter the process. Throughout the pregnancyperiod, the brain system is susceptible to disruptions that canculminate in LDs. If these disturbances happen in the latter stageswhen the brains are specializing, it may lead to errors in celllocation, connections, and makeup. As such, scientists believe thatthe inaccuracies show up later as learning disabilities [ CITATION Mar111 l 1033 ].


Learningdeficiency is also based on the maturation delay theory. In thiscase, delays in the neurological structure can cause stunted growththat contributes to LDs. Some kids tend to grow and mature at slowerrates as compared to others within the same age group. In thatregard, they find it hard to do their homework. The same continueseven in their jobs. This deficiency is commonly regarded asmaturational lag. Typical symptoms of this delay includeslow development of language skills, particularly in reading, delayedgrowth of motor skills, uneven performance forms on intellectualdevelopment,visual–motor issues, mixed or incomplete dominance,right–left confusion, social immaturity, and the propensity formembers in a family to display the same symptoms [ CITATION Mar111 l 1033 ].

Effectsof Learning Deficiencies in the Workplace

Asdescribed earlier, learning deficiencies can have many detrimentalimpacts to the organization. The inability to sequence things canlead to poor prioritization techniques, organizing or followinginstructions. In corporations, workers are mandated to prioritizetasks so as to finish on time. However, an employee may lack in thisaspect leading to piling of jobs. Such an effect is detrimental tothe productivity of the firm. The disorder also makes hard for theworker to organize him/herself or follow instructions. Another effectof LD is poor communication. In the workplace, communication is oneof the most vital aspects that propels the management-employeerelationship. Firms that lack effective communication perform poorly.Furthermore, they tend to have a poor quality of service. One of thecontributing factors towards ineffective communication is thelanguage deficiency. A worker may have issues expressing him/herselfthus leading to disharmony among them. In some instances, an employeethat lacks proper expressive skills is discriminated at the place ofwork. Such an employee experiences a stunted growth within thecorporation [ CITATION Can14 l 1033 ].

Processinginformation is another difficulty emanating from this effect. Alsotermed as dyslexia, the employees have problems interpretinginstructions. Wrong interpretations result in improper outcomes. Forexample, if a worker is expected to yield certain results, theoutcome diverts from the original target. In other words, theanticipated results are not achieved. Auditory difficulties are alsodetrimental to the company’s progress. In this case, workers havedifficulties in processing sounds and distinguishing similar words.This results in instruction challenges and the workers do notundertake their duties as prospected. Memory disorder is anothercommon problem facing employees. Apart from processing informationslowly, the employees take more time to retrieve data from theirmemories. For instance, while serving a client, a worker may take toolong to respond due to memory lapses [ CITATION Lea16 l 1033 ].

Inthe workplace, coordination is an important aspect. However, manyemployees face challenges due to gross or fine disorders. As such,they may have poor handwriting, speech, or language. All the aboveaspects are detrimental to the success of business. Nonetheless, theycan be mitigated or accommodated to propel the company’s goals [ CITATION Can14 l 1033 ].

Counselingand Disciplinary Approaches

Learningdeficiency at work can be mitigated through counseling. There areseveral therapeutic techniques utilized to accommodate people withthis challenge. One of them is the occupational therapy (OT). Thisapproach is primarily vital to workers experiencing difficulties inmotor skills. It involves movement. Since movement may be deterringthe employee from learning, an occupational therapist can helpalleviate this issue. It follows a set of steps that simultaneouslyinstilled in the person with the defect [ CITATION Nat11 l 1033 ].

Otherstrategies include: taking notes, using tape recorders while inmeetings, seminars and training courses, utilizing an electronicscheduler or planner book to list the tasks to be undertaken, leavingearly for work, appointments, meeting, and interviews, taking a fewminutes to plan for the next day, and being orderly and clean atwork. Counselors champion all these elements. They assist incountering the challenges as people keep records of the allocatedtasks and prospected outcomes. If an individual is suffering frommemory lapses, tape recorders can be instrumental in work [ CITATION Lea16 l 1033 ].

Oncean organization realizes a worker has a deficiency, it ought toprovide an accommodative mechanism to suit them. This is because theconstitution protects this sect of employees. For instance, in theUnited States, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (RA) mandates employersto cater for this group. As such, they can opt to provide groupcounseling to the affected personnel. Apart from that, they may givesolution-focused counseling to assist workers who are aware of theirdifficulties. This treatment enables them to acquire interactionskills that improve communication within the firm [ CITATION Mar111 l 1033 ].


Itis crucial to comprehend that attaining success is a two-way-trafficthat is it involves both the employers and the persons with learningdeficiencies. It is also the responsibility of an individual toidentify him/herself. Therefore, they can obtain assessments fromprofessionals in their respective field that is education, career,medicine, and psychology counseling. Each person with a learningdeficiency is unique and may have his/her own strength. Consequently,there ought to be strategies to accommodate all the individuals asper their needs to heighten effectiveness in the workplace.


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