- June 27, 2020
ComposerReport for George Frederick Handel
GeorgeFrederick Handel was a German-British baroque composer who was bornon February 23, 1685 and died at 74 on 14 April, 1759 at his home inBrook Street when he succumbed to cataract-related complications.Although he was born in Germany, Handel spent a significant portionof his life in London when he made most of his accomplishments.Before relocating to London in 1712, Handel began his work as acomposer in Hamburg after getting trained at Halle. This is why, in1727, he became a naturalized citizen of Britain.
Handelbecame a popular figure who was credited with massive accomplishmentsin organ concerts, anthems, operas, and oratotorios. According to hisaccounts, Handel did not become a composer accidentally. He wasinspired by a large number of successful composers of middle-Germanpolyphonic choral tradition and Italian Baroque. If it were not forthe influence of these composers, then Handel would not have become agreat composer. It is important to acknowledge that Handel had to betrained and adequately mentored for him to realize the achievements.To be such a successful composer, Handel had to dedicate his time toemulating the determinations, efforts, and the kind of strategiesapplied by the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition and ItalianBaroque who had set a pace in the field of music composition (McGeary94).
Asa reputable anthem, oratorios, organ concert, and opera composer,Handel managed to make a large number of compositions. During hisentire career, Handel was able to compose a total of 29 oratorios, 42operas, 16 organ concerts, and 120 trios, cantatas, duets, serenatas,odes, ecumenical pieces, and chamber music. This is a clear proofthat Handel was a great composer who did not narrow down to onespecific line of music. To reach a large number of audience and havea great impact on the society, Handel had no choice, but to bediverse in his compositions. This justifies why he managed to achievea lot during his life as a composer.
Ofall his compositions, there are specific pieces that moved the world.Some of his most popular compositions were the Messiah,Lobkowicz Palace, Opus 3, Organ Concertos Op. 4, Opus 6 concertigrossi, theHarmonious Blacksmith,and Op.7.TheMessiahwas Handle’s most famous work. TheMessiahwhich featured the hallelujah chorus managed to become thecenterpiece for Christian seasons thanks to its popularity withChristian followers. Each of these works was done in a proper manner(Dean 52). Therefore, Handel managed to make them appear to be goodand enjoyable to anyone who would listen to them. It was not a simpletask because he had to be properly organized and dedicated to makingcompositions of high standards.
Thereare many reasons why Handel produced famous compositions. One of thereasons he managed to do so is because of the use of musicalinstruments in his compositions. To appeal to his listeners, Handeldecided to use a new set of musical instruments like violetta marina,small high cornets, viola d’amore, positive organ, French horn,lute, bell chimes, three trombones, theorbo, violada, harp, anddouble bassoon. The use of these musical instruments enabled Handelto produce great compositions such as GiulioCesare,Alexander`sFeast, Tamerlano, Ode for St. Cecilia`s Day,and Orlando.These are musical instruments that were initially not known in thesociety. Therefore, by introducing them in his compositions, Handeleasily managed to create a uniqueness that had never been witnessedbefore(McGeary 38).This justifies why Handel’s compositions became more popular thanany other composer of his time.
Aftergetting recognized as a composer of repute, Handel got an opportunityto engage in some assignments by the government. For instance, in1727, he was commissioned by the government to compose four anthemsused during King George II’s coronation ceremony. Here, heimpressed the government by producing great compositions like Zadokthe Priestwhich later became a must-play composition during each of thecoronation ceremonies in Britain. Later, in 1734, Handel made anothergreat composition called thisis the Lady the Lord has madewhich became a popular piece for the wedding ceremonies. Suchcompositions had a massive impact on the society (Richard 71). Theymade Handel be a darling of many music enthusiasts who relied on hiscompositions.
Inconclusion, Handel was one of the greatest composers in the society.His efforts as an organ concerts, anthems, operas, and oratotorioscomposer proved to the world that he was indeed committed to leavinga legacy. From his compositions, Handel became a very significantfigure in the music industry. His compositions have remained a legacyup to the contemporary times because most of his pieces are still inuse. Handel will still be remembered and honored as one of thepioneering figures who revolutionized the composition of organconcerts, anthems, operas, and oratotorios.
Dean,Winton.Handel and the Opera Seria. LosAngeles: University of California Press, 2011. Print.
McGeary,Thomas.The Politics of Opera in Handel`s Britain. Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Print.
Richard,Taruskin. TheOxford History of Western Music,oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.