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Looming water crisis

Question 1: Write a half pageanalysis of the author’s ethos that explains the strength andreliability of the main argument (not the pro/con on pg47) containedin the Looming Water Crisis Preview the document in a new window.

  • The article is written by the Global Researchers targeting the other human beings in pursuit of teaching them about the impending crisis of water. The article is published monthly by Congressional Quarterly Inc. (CQ) and sold online to anybody willing to buy it at $500.

  • The authors’ ethos target the people’s credibility so as to preserve the environment and save the world against the growing global warming that causes the reduction of water. For instance, on page 29 the authors quote “My house used is by the side of the lake” showing that there is actual reduction in the masses of water.

  • The author argument is not biased rather it is on point it is true that there is continuing water shortage that is caused by the global warming. The author shows pictures of different places that have been affected by drought. For instance, pictures of children in Kibera Slum, a Maasai and a dying sheep in Kenya.

  • Apart from the photos, the authors use facts and graphs to show that the global water is actually declining. For instance, the figure on p.30 shows the varying water consumption levels in different countries. In this figure, U.S uses most water at 158.2 gallons while the sub-Saharan Africa uses the least 2.6-6.2 which is in fact below the UN recommendation of 13.2.

Question 2: Refer to LoomingWater Crisis Preview the document view in the new window (p 29-43)and make sure you have an understanding of the policies and argumentsfor the following three prompts. I want you to research an example inthe world, and then compose analyses of the three.

  • Environmental Flow Policies (p.31)

The “Water for Life” policyby UN has enabled construction of water projects to allow the peopleto have clean water. The projects have been taking place in manycountries all over the world. For instance, in Indonesia the UNexperts helped the communities in the hilly-jungle to installhydraulic pumps, piping systems, and storage tanks for two villages.

Privatizing the urban andsanitary systems in Santiago has facilitated the water availabilitywithin the city. Privatizing the systems acts as motivation toensure that people have access to water since the private sector canearn from it. Alternatively, increasing the tariffs can boost theperformance of water system.

  • Rights vs. Needs (p.35)

The Cochabamba people claim thatwater is a human right and therefore, their government should notallow privatization. Apparently, the government should provide tothem free as it is a basic need. The people of Cochabamba should alsounderstand that the Government uses a lot of resources to ensurewater availability, hence should part with some costs.

  • Fair Water-Use Policies (p.43)

The policy of privatization ofurban and sanitary systems is sometimes not effective in corruptcountries since the private sectors end up of mistreating thecitizens rather than providing the water. As a result, the governmentand the private sector should collaborate by forming partnership toavail water to the citizens.