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Managing Criminal Justice Organizations

ManagingCriminal Justice Organizations

InstitutionAffiliation

ManagingCriminal Justice Organizations

Criminaljustice organizations can be managed in a whole lot of differentways. Among the processes involved include the ones addressed in thedifferent questions addressed.

DivisionOf Labor And Span Of Control

Divisionof labor refers to the process of allocation of differentmanufacturing part to some individuals to increase efficiency andpromote professionalism while span of control involves the number ofsubordinate the organization has or can take control of. These twoissues are important in that they focus on the monitoring processthat is ensuring quality production in the long run procedure(Guadalupe,Li, &amp Wulf 2013).

Fiveimperatives of organization

Accordingto Kraatz, et al. (2015) organization principles and allocation ofpurposes and responsibility come from an implicitly agreed purposecontained in the five imperatives as stated by Philip Selznick. Theseimperatives include:

1.The organization`s security as a whole concerning the differentsocial issues in the business environment.

2.The stability of channels of power and communication

3.Proper informal relationships contained in the organization.

4.The policies continuity as well as the different sources of itsdetermination

5.A similarity of outlook on the organizations.

Itis, therefore, the responsibilities of the criminal justice managerto come up with the best organization structure that will enable theworkplace to meet its set mission and responsibility to the public.

FourModels of Managerial Decision-Making

Thedecision-making will depend on a certain line of though varying fromeach individual. The different processes include:

RationalChoice

Assumptionsthat decisions will be made through coming up with sound decisions asthe goal of individuals.

BureaucraticDecision-Making

Thisis a process where there arises assumptions that decisions made arefrom rational individuals.

DecisionTrees

Itis a system of decision making with a tree-like graphicalrepresentation of possible solutions to decisions based on certainconditions.

PoliticalDecision-Making

Itis a type of decision making that involves political rules whichassist in the decision-making process as a whole.

OperationalDecision and Managerial Decisions

Operationaldecision making involves short-term choices within a company thatuses long term strategies at a point where the organization acquiresassets. Examples, in this case, are about the risk of the businesswhenever there is need for a company to reorder an item in the middleof its operations. Managerial decisions making is a process ofselection of a course of action among various alternatives. Anexample will include the daily life responsibilities and decisionsfrom human beings.

Principlesof Organization

Accordingto Koffka (2013), the principle of the organization seems to haveindividuals think of incomplete objects as being complete. Whenapplying this principle, a number of assumptions can be madetherefore bringing about some disadvantages. That include errors ofomission and inclusion and therefore affecting the overall goals setby organizations.

OrganizationalBehavior

Organizationbehavior is influenced by different principles, concepts, andstrategies. The principles are meant to have the process of runningthe organization in ways that will help meet organization goals, andthat is through specialization, a span of control or the unity ofcommand principles. Strategies, on the other hand, vary since ethicalnorms and personal experience play a serious role in theorganization. The strategies may include priority and creativity inmeeting goals.

InternalOrganizational Communication

Theorganizational internal communication is an important concept. Thereasons are because communication help in carrying out the task inthe simplest ways possible through the proper provision ofinstructions. There is less degree of error incurred whenever anorganization has proper internal communication.

Theoriesof Socialization, Leadership Styles, and Bureaucracy

Thesocialization theory states how different peers influence a person’spersonality and behavior as opposed to their parental figures.Leadership styles, on the other hand, are processes that will helpwith the process of provision of directions. Lastly, bureaucracy is asystem involving the process through which decisions are made by thestate rather than individuals.

Tosum all this up, we can see different types of management andleadership process that help with the goal attainment procedure asproven in the questions answers above.

References

Guadalupe,M., Li, H., &amp Wulf, J. (2013). Who lives in the C-suite?Organizational structure and the division of labor in topmanagement.&nbspManagementScience,&nbsp60(4),824-844.

Koffka,K. (2013).&nbspPrinciplesof Gestalt psychology&nbsp(Vol.44). Routledge

Kraatz,M. S., &amp Flores, R. (2015). Reinfusing values.&nbspInstitutionsand ideals: Philip Selznick’s legacy for organizationalstudies,&nbsp44,353À381.