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Marriage vs Cohabitation

Marriagevs Cohabitation

Therate of cohabitation is on the rise in America as marriage is on thedecline. Recent studies and trends indicate that people arecontinuing to shun marriage. Many younger Americans are choosingcohabitation over marriage. Reports indicate that the rate ofcohabitation has risen over the last 50 years, with millions ofyounger people living together in an unmarried relationship aspartners (Perelli-Harris,Mynarska, Berghammer, Berrington, Evans, Isupova &amp Vignoli,2014).Marriage is an agreement that legally binds two people together whomeet specific requirements such as state-regulated age and bloodtest. This agreement consists of authorized rights andresponsibilities. On the other hand, cohabitation involves anindividual`s agreement between two people to live as partners and hasno regulated responsibilities or rights. The society has continued tolegitimize cohabitation either as an alternative or a precursor tomarriage. Despite marriage having numerous benefits, cohabitation hasbecome common. This is because of the increasing fear of the collapseof a marriage that would lead to divorce. Research shows that theincreased rate of divorce cases in the current society hascontributed to decline in marriage. The fear of divorce is consideredto be the major factor of concern that causes young people to choosecohabitation over marriage. Divorce is considered to have majorconsequences such as emotional turmoil that most people are trying toavoid. Additionally, others opt for cohabitation to test therelationship before committing themselves in marriage. Others mayprefer not to involve in the formalities of marriage associated withlegal marriage (Perelli-Harris,Mynarska, Berghammer, Berrington, Evans, Isupova &amp Vignoli, 2014)

Thispaper seeks to provide an argument that cohabitation encouragesdivorce in America.

  1. Source Title and Reference

Perelli-Harris,B., Berrington, A., Sanchez Gassen, N., Galezewska, P., &ampHolland, J. (2016). Is there a link between the divorce revolutionand the cohabitation boom? Universityof Southampton.Retrieved on 10thNov. 2016 from: http://paa2015.princeton.edu/uploads/151953

  1. Main Argument of Source

Thearticle argues that the high rates of divorce cases in Europe aredirectly related to the increased rates of cohabitation. Divorce andcohabitation have been on the rise in Europe in the past decade. Theincreased rates of divorce have changed the institution of marriagefrom a long commitment and union to one that has increased risks ofdivorce. Cohabitation has emerged as an option where two people canlive together in an intimate relationship without having to marry.

  1. Research Method and Sample

Focusgroups were used in a quantitative research to explore the linkbetween divorce and cohabitation. The sample population used in focusgroups included 8 European countries. Harmonized histories were alsoused as samples for data collection where surveys were conducted from14 countries in Europe to determine the association between divorceand cohabitation.

  1. Major Evidence from Source

Thestudy findings indicate that the increased rates of divorce havecontributed to the rise of cohabitation in Europe. The rising levelsof divorce in Europe have influenced the perception and attitudes ofpeople towards marriage. The high rates of divorce have affected themarriage institution that has made cohabitation more appealing to thepeople, which is perceived as an alternative to marriage. The rapiddivorce rates have discouraged people from marrying and opt forcohabitation as a strategy to test the relationship and to avoid thecosts of divorce. Therefore, it is evident that divorce andcohabitation are linked.

  1. Contribution of Source to Your Argument

Thesource is important because it provides insights on ways in which theincreased rates of divorce and the rapid rise of cohabitation areassociated. This study supports my argument that divorce is one thereason why people choose to cohabit over marriage. In this study, thehigh rates of divorce in Europe have discouraged people from marryingand opt for cohabitation as an alternative or a precursor tomarriage.

  1. Source Title and Reference

Kane,J. B. (2016). Marriage Advantages in Perinatal Health: Evidence ofMarriage Selection or Marriage Protection? Journalof Marriage and Family,78(1),212-229.

  1. Main Argument of Source

Themain argument in this article is that marriage selection and marriageprotection factors contain various health advantages for couples aswell as their children. The study argues that the infants of marriedwomen also tend to demonstrate less health problems such as low birthweight and lower rates of preterm birth as opposed to cohabitingcouples. The study shows that marriage is supportive and lessstressful and thus contributes to better health.

  1. Research Method and Sample

Asurvey method was used in the study. The data was obtained from theNational Survey of Family Growth(2006-2010). The study sampleinvolved cohabiting and married women of ages 15-44.

  1. Major Evidence from Source

Theresults from the survey indicate that marriage consists of healthbenefits to both children and parents. It reveals that marriageselection and marriage protection are major contributors to health inmarried parents and their children. The study shows that marriageselection and protection enables married couples to adopt thehealthier behavior, promote sharing of financial resources, socialand emotional support that enhances good health.

  1. Contribution of Source to Your Argument

Thesource is important to my argument because it provides information onthe advantages of marriage over cohabitation in terms of healthbenefits. This contributes to my argument in two major ways. First,marriage contributes to the health of couples. The second way is thatmarriage provides advantages to the prenatal health. The study hasindicated clearly that marriage has major health benefits overcohabitation.

  1. Source Title and Reference

Hiekel,N., &amp Keizer, R. (2015). Risk-avoidance or utmost commitment?Dutch focus group research on cohabitation and marriage. DemographicResearch,32,311.

  1. Main Argument of Source

TheDutch adult believes that cohabitation is an important strategy thatpeople in their society can choose to avoid the risk of divorce. Theyalso believe that people marry in individualized society to placeemphasis on the uniqueness of their relationship.

  1. Research Method and Sample

Thisresearch involved the use of group interviews to obtain information.The researchers analyzed seven focus group interviews. The sample ofthe study included 40 Dutch participants from Rotterdam, Netherlands.

  1. Major Evidence from Source

Fromthe interviews the researchers were able to determine that manyDutch Participants opt for cohabitation over marriage because of theneed to avoid risks of divorce. This is because many of the Dutchadults have been raised in a highly individualized society andexperienced the increased rates of divorce rates that have impactedon their opinion about marriage and cohabitation. Therefore, theyperceive cohabitation to be a strategy for minimizing risks ofdivorce. The interviews also revealed that the Dutch adults viewmarriage as a symbol of commitment and a real deal involving legalarrangements. Those participants who are less educated indicated thatcohabitation has more financial advantages as opposed to marriage.

  1. Contribution of Source to Your Argument

Thissource is important to my argument because it indicates that peoplechoose cohabitation for reasons such as financial benefit, to avoidcommitment and to reduce the risks of divorce cases. This articlesupports my argument that societal influences cause people to avoidmarriage and opt for cohabitation. In this study, the Dutch adultshave experienced high divorce rates in their society, and this hasinfluenced their perception of marriage.

  1. Source Title and Reference

Calvès,A. E. (2016). First union formation in urban Burkina Faso: Competingrelationship transitions to marriage or cohabitation. DemographicResearch,34,421.

  1. Main Argument of Source

Thearticle argues that dating relationships impacts on the decisions ofyoung people in choosing between marriage and cohabitation whenforming their first union. InOuagadougou,Burkina Faso, the rates of cohabitation among young unmarried couplesis on the rise and has become prevalent. The prevalence ofcohabitation among young unmarried couples has been attributed to theincreased negative implications of marriage.

  1. Research Method and Sample

Thestudy research method was obtained from the life history data such asthe distinct relationship biographies. The transitions ofrelationships to unmarried cohabitation or to a first union wereexamined.

  1. Major Evidence from Source

Thestudy reveals that the choice of cohabitation among young people isfacilitated by high rates of exposure to cohabitation, religion,occupation, educational attainment and ethnic endogamy. These factorscause young people to view cohabitation as the best option overmarriage and thus distance themselves from marital norms and theirfamily expectations.

  1. Contribution of Source to Your Argument

Thisstudy is important because it provides insights on the factors thatinfluence the choice of cohabitation among young people. Thissupports my argument that financial factor is among one of thereasons why people chose cohabitation over marriage. In this study,it is indicated that economic factors encourage young people to optfor cohabitation over marriage.

  1. Source Title and Reference

Berrington,A., Perelli-Harris, B., &amp Trevena, P. (2015). Commitment and thechanging sequence of cohabitation, childbearing, and marriage:Insights from qualitative research in the UK. DemographicResearch,33,327.

  1. Main Argument of Source

Themain argument of this study is that commitment plays a major role incohabitation and marital relationships. It is argued that the newtrends of events in life have facilitated major shifts frompreferences of marriage to commitment in cohabitation. In the UnitedKingdom, the standard trends in the traditional events in the familyhave been substituted by de-standardized life course. The newsequences of life have resulted in the rising rates of cohabitationamong unmarried couples and marriage and childbearing are deemedunnecessary.

  1. Research Method and Sample

Thestudy used eight focus groups from Southampton in England. The studyused major themes provided in the guidelines from the cross-nationalfocus group and also the themes provided by the participants.

  1. Major Evidence from Source

Thestudy results reveal that although personal commitment is related inboth marital and cohabiting relationship, marriage is perceived tocomprise of higher structural and moral commitment as opposed tocohabitation. Marriage is no longer a necessity to demonstrate acommitment to the public, and thus couples choose cohabitation whichalso shows commitment through joint mortgages and childbearing.Therefore, it is evident that the new trends in life have changed theperception on the level of commitment in the society. Commitmentslevels are no longer attributed to marriage but to the personal viewsof couples and other life events such as cohabitation. Initially,marriage was the only union that symbolized the commitment of couplesto a long-life relationship. However, in the current society, it isargued that cohabiting relationships as well exhibits high levels ofcommitment that is depicted through childbearing and maintain a home.

  1. Contribution of Source to Your Argument

Thesource is important because it provides information on the role ofcommitment in marriage and cohabitation. This source is important tomy argument that marriage has significant advantages overcohabitation. In this study, it is argued that although the level ofcommitment is depicted in cohabitation and marital relationship,marriages holds profound levels of commitment compared tocohabitation relationships.

Conclusion

Cohabitationis on the increase where many young unmarried people opt forcohabitation relationships over the wedding. The rapid rise ofcohabitation has facilitated erosion of marriage institutions thathas resulted in the decline in marriages in the current society.Cohabitation is viewed as a test and an alternative to the wedding.The increased rates of cohabitation has been contributed to byfactors such as the fear of divorce, to avoid the high costs ofdivorce, to prevent emotional turmoil of divorce, to avoid commitmentand legal requirements, financial needs, and convenience. Studieshave revealed that marriage has far more benefits over cohabitationsuch as it promotes physical and mental health among couples thatextends to their children and family. It is stated that marriage issupportive and less stressful whereby it enhances sharing ofresources and provides rights to make important decisions on behalfof the other spouse. On the other hand, other studies reveal thatcohabitation is advantageous because it provides couples withcompanionship and teammate. It also allows couples to testcompatibility with their partners before marrying and it enhancesintimacy and strengthens the bond between couples. Moreover,cohabitation enables couples to share resources such as financial andother things such as a home. However, other studies indicate thatcohabitation has adverse impacts on cohabiting couples and children.It is stated that in most cases, people cohabit without putting inplace clear communication on their commitment that results in lesssatisfaction in marriage. Similarly, cohabitation causes people tofail to comply with the traditional standards of marriage such asresponsibility, commitment, and fidelity. It also affects childrenborn in this relationship resulting to poor academic performance.Furthermore, there is high likelihood of split thus has limitedpossibility of leading to marriage.

References

Baker,M., &amp Elizabeth, V. (2014). A ‘brave thing to do’or anormative practice? Marriage after long-term cohabitation. Journalof Sociology,50(4),393-407.

Berrington,A., Perelli-Harris, B., &amp Trevena, P. (2015). Commitment and thechanging sequence of cohabitation, childbearing, and marriage:Insights from qualitative research in the UK. DemographicResearch,33,327.

Calvès,A. E. (2016). First union formation in urban Burkina Faso: Competingrelationship transitions to marriage or cohabitation. DemographicResearch,34,421.

Kane,J. B. (2016). Marriage Advantages in Perinatal Health: Evidence ofMarriage Selection or Marriage Protection?. Journalof Marriage and Family,78(1),212-229.

Hiekel,N., &amp Keizer, R. (2015). Risk-avoidance or utmost commitment?Dutch focus group research on cohabitation and marriage. DemographicResearch,32,311.

Mikucka,M. (2016). The Life Satisfaction Advantage of Being Married andGender Specialization. Journalof Marriage and Family,78(3),759-779.

Perelli-Harris,B., Berrington, A., Sanchez Gassen, N., Galezewska, P., &ampHolland, J. (2016). Is there a link between the divorce revolutionand the cohabitation boom? Universityof Southampton.Retrieved on 10thNov. 2016 from: http://paa2015.princeton.edu/uploads/151953

Perelli-Harris,B., &amp Styrc, M. (2016). Re-evaluating the link between marriageand mental well-being: how do early life conditions attenuatedifferences between cohabitation and marriage? Retrieved on 10thNov 2016 from:http://www.cpc.ac.uk/publications/cpc_working_papers/pdf/2016_WP75_Re-evaluating_the_link_between_marriage_and_mental_wellbeing.pdf

Perelli-Harris,B., Mynarska, M., Berghammer, C., Berrington, A., Evans, A., Isupova,O., … &amp Vignoli, D. (2014). Towards a deeper understanding ofcohabitation: insights from focus group research across Europe andAustralia. DemographicResearch,31(34),1043-1078.