- May 24, 2020
Metaphors about Learning and/or Instructions
Metaphorsabout Learning and/or Instructions
Metaphorsabout Learning and/or Instructions
‘Learningis doing’ is one of the most popular metaphors that are applicablein a teaching and learning setting. Metaphor is one of the mostimportant tools in the teaching and learning process. When used aspart of the instruction strategy, it can help in enhancing thesuccess of the teaching and learning process. A good teacher should,therefore, incorporate the use of metaphor because it can help inmany ways. First, metaphor can help in introducing a new idea to thelearners. Besides, it can help in simplifying knowledge because itrelates unknown information to the known. It acts as an effectiveexample in enhancing knowledge during the learning process. Lastly,metaphor can enable the teacher to make the teaching and learningprocess interesting and enjoyable.
Whenincluded as part of the instructional strategy, the metaphor can beof great value to the teacher and the learners. When using it, theteacher should ensure that it is properly explained. After statingthe metaphor, it should be discussed using simple words that thelearners can easily understand. Besides, the metaphor should berelated to real life examples that the learners can easily identifyand understand. Lastly, the instruction should be properly organizedright from the beginning up to the end. So, a committed teachershould ensure that everything is put in place to elicit the desiredknowledge. Each metaphor can positively impact on learning when usedand integrated into the instructional process by the teacherproperly.
Sincethe metaphor is used because of its role in the learning process, theteacher should ensure that it is used in its appropriate context.There are so many metaphors that can be used in the teaching andlearning process. Therefore, for a teacher to achieve the goal of theteaching and learning process, each metaphor should only be used inthe right setting (Oxford, 2013). For example, to get the best out of‘learning is doing,’ it should be used when teaching about topicsin the physical or social sciences that require practical andproblem-solving skills. These are the areas in which learners need touse their practical skills to give solutions to real life problems.
Whenusing the metaphor during the teaching and learning process, theteacher should not fail to incorporate the contribution of thelearners. Since the use of a metaphor portrays a teacher as learner,the teacher should not fail to involve the participation of learnersactively. To do this, the teacher should create room for the learnersto give examples, participate in discussions, and ask and answerquestions. This implies that the use of metaphor cannot be a successif the teacher assumes to be a dominant figure and the main focus ofthe teaching and learning process. However, this can only be achievedif the teacher provides the learners with a proper learningenvironment that fits each of them irrespective of their diversities.
Whenusing the metaphor to teach learners, the teacher should avail anduse all the necessary resources. Learning is a complex process thatinvolves many people. Therefore, the teacher should not fail toincorporate the contributions of the learners, colleague teachers,administration, parents, and the general public. As authority, theadministration should be relied upon to provide the necessarylearning materials and teaching aids to be used during the lesson. Onthe other hand, parents, teachers, and community members can be usedas resource persons. The use of these persons can be helpful to theteacher because they can provide the required insights on the use ofmetaphor (Oxford, 2013). The information provided by these resourcepersons can appeal to the learners and enable them to acquire theexpected knowledge no matter how difficult the concept might be.
Itis, therefore, evident that the use of this metaphor can hold novalue if not properly utilized by the teacher. In this regard, apartfrom applying all these standards, the teacher should not fail in hisor her teaching strategies. For the learners to acquire new knowledgefrom the metaphor, the teacher should use appropriate theories oflearning. The two useful theories for this metaphor are B.F.Skinner’s operant condition and J.B. Watson’s behaviorism theory.These are psychological theories whose application can help in theteaching process (Oxford, 2013). The emphasis on the behavioralconcept of learning can be translated in conditioning the mind of thestudents to learn the required knowledge from the metaphor.
Inconclusion, a metaphor is an instrumental in the teaching of newknowledge to the learners. When properly utilized, ‘learning isdoing’ can help in achieving the instructional objectives. However,for this to happen, the teacher needs to use it in its appropriatecontext, adopt a learner-centered approach, use suitable teachingstrategies, teaching aids, resources, and involve the contribution ofthe teachers, administration, parents, and community members.Meanwhile, the teacher should not fail to use the behavioristtheories in a correct manner. When all these are done, teaching andlearning process can be successful.
Oxford,R. L. (2013). Teaching& Researching: Language Learning Strategies.London: Routledge.