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Nursing Roles in Quality Improvement

NursingRoles in Quality Improvement

NursingRoles in Quality Improvement

Therole of nurses is paramount when dealing with patients. They ensurepatients’ safety, report errors, near misses, and are a pillar toguarantee the success of the hospital. The other roles of nursesinclude ensuring that patients get the correct dosage of theprescribed drugs and proper administration during treatment.Therefore, this paper presents a discussion on the roles of nurses inquality improvement.

Inthe course of undertaking their duties, nurses promote patient safetyas well as improve quality at the workplace through teamwork andcollaboration. Teamwork is regarded as integral to ensuring patientsafety in the surgery room. The article on Robert Wood JohnsonFoundation website quotes the IOM statistics that over 98,000 peopledie in the U.S. hospitals per year because of preventable medicalerrors. For nurses who are regarded as the front-line providers, theystop these errors, feel powerless to stop them, make them, and may attimes be blamed for the mistakes they did not commit. The manager ofthe New Jersey Hospital Association is mentioned to suggest thatquality care and patient safety is not yet incorporated in theeducation of physicians and nurses (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,2011).

Ina hospital setting, the nurses report the errors and near misses tothe doctor in charge of a particular patient. The report helpsmitigate the damage before it adversely affects the safety of thepatient. Kelly, Vottero, and Christie-McAuliffe (2014) indicate thatnurses encounter several errors and near misses in the course oftheir work. However, they decide to report very few cases. Theauthors suggest that the fear that reporting an error could lead topunitive measures on the part of the nurse may contribute to the lackof it (Kelly, Vottero &amp Christie-McAuliffe, 2014).

Fora hospital to enhance the culture of safety, it has to embrace anon-punitive culture of safety. This can be achieved by developing anelectronic medical recording system that keeps patients’ medicaldata, conducting ward rounds that help identify errors and unsafeprocesses and formulating a patient safety committee that holds thehospital staff accountable (Hood, 2014). The other suggestion toimprove patient safety is through the expansion of the nurses’ rolein that area. Incorporating better communication and shareddecision-making in the workplace culture form effective strategies toimprove patient safety (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2011).

Inconclusion, this paper discussed the roles of nurses in qualityimprovement and suggested the measures that can be adopted to improvea non-punitive safety culture. The paper concludes that through allthe proposed measures, nurses and other health practitioners canensure the improvement of quality in care and patients safety.

References

Hood,L. (2014). Leddy&amp Pepper`s conceptual bases of professional nursing.Philadelphia,PA: Wolters Kluwer Health. Lippincott Williams &amp Wilkins.

Kelly,P., Vottero, B., &amp Christie-McAuliffe, C. (2014).Introductionto quality and safety education for nurses: Core competencies.New York: Springer Publishing Company.

RobertWood Johnson Foundation. (2011). NursesAre Key to Improving Patient Safety.Retrieved fromhttp://www.rwjf.org/en/library/articles-and-news/2011/04/nurses-are-key-to-improving-patient-safety.html