- June 12, 2020
Outline Remote Response Monitoring
Remote Response Monitoring
As the aging number of people grows, so is the prevalence of chronic illnesses all over the world. It increases the urgency of identifying new methods of improving patient outcomes.
Additionally, these methods are also expected to reduce the cost of medical care while increasing access to care (O’Donohue & Herbert, 2012).
Due to developments in sensor technology, cellular technology and reduced costs of communication devices, patient care and quality are improving. The introduction of remote patient monitoring technology has profoundly contributed to enhancing health and quality of life for patients.
Remote patient monitoring
Remote patient monitoring devices function in various ways. Their features are specific to particular body activities such as blood pressure, blood sugar and other vital areas of a patient.
Physiological data from blood pressure and other vital areas is collected by sensors and other related devices. Among these tools used in monitoring a patient remotely is the pulse oximeter, glucometer and blood pressure cuff among others (Chausiaux et al., 2011).
After data collection, it is forwarded to health providers electronically. Using the data, the health care provider can determine the wellness of the patient and make any interventions if necessary. The approach has saved lives because it is proactive and it detects problems before they become severe.
When managing diabetes illness, several parameters ought to be observed. Among them are blood pressure, glucose, and weight (Chaudhry et al., 2012). Observing real-time levels of blood glucose and blood pressure ensures on time intervention when they rise or fall abnormally. According to studies done, remote patient monitoring in diabetes management is equivalent to visiting a clinic after three months.
C. RPM Technology Use
RPM technology enhances safety and evading harm for patients with dementia. This technology conducts constant surveillance, and it has helped patients with a risk of falling.
RPM sensors are embedded to the individual or on another device assisting the patient. It could be a walking cane or walker.
The particular function of the sensor is to give real-time location, linear acceleration and even gait of the patient. By using these variables, the sensor uses an algorithm to determine the risk of a possible fall (O’Donohue & Herbert, 2012). In a case of a wandering patient, the sensor has GPS locator or radio frequency.
Apart from dementia and diabetes, RPM is also assisting patients with infertilities difficulties. After a study of about six months, the findings indicated that monitoring identified the appropriate time for IVF. Devices of RPM are not limited to ill patients only. Anyone can use to monitor any particular function of the body if there is a device for it (Chaudhry et al., 2012).
Although RPM is efficient and fruitful when properly used, there are some shortcomings. Using RPM requires the patients to be disciplined.
They need to be motivated to manage their health. RPM does not give clear guidelines when the health care provider is required to intervene. However, it is possible to determine through instruction from the health care provider. The intervention will depend on every patient and the nature of the illness (Chausiaux et al., 2011).
Another limitation is the workload for health care providers. They have to observe the incoming data from patients and look out for alarming cases. There are also issues of which party to take liabilities since the policies of using RPM have not addressed this issue.
D. RPM Technology and Devices
Since RPM technology entails several devices, there is no standardization of data exchange or interoperability when several devices are used together. Also, there is too much dependency on wireless technology for these devices. Concerns about data security during transmission are an issue. Wireless networks are vulnerable to intrusion. During a particular controlled study of heart failure patients, telemonitoring failed to avail benefit over the conventional form of care. The patients resulted in reporting their symptoms and observation over a designated phone call.
RPM has brought significant improvement in managing chronic illnesses. As a result, patients have continued to live a quality life.
By using RPM technology, patients have enjoyed independence, reduced health care costs and decreased complications (O’Donohue & Herbert, 2012).
All these objectives have been achieved through the use of RPM at home or other remote places. It is also a relief to the caregivers of chronic patients. They are peaceful and comfortable knowing that their patients are safe and under proper care.
Although there are limitations of RPM technology, the benefits outweigh the challenges. Therefore, more patients should embrace this new form of health care and enjoy the benefits.
Doctors and other health care providers need to recommend RPM to patients with chronic illnesses. Research in this field should continue, especially in addressing the challenges that hinder patients from experiencing full benefits.
Chaudhry, S.I. Mattera, J.A. Curtis, J.P. Spertus, J.A. Herrin,J. Lin, Z. Phillips, C.O. Hodshon, B.V. Coopers, L.S. &Krumholz, H.M. (2012). Telemonitoring in patients with heartfailure. N Engl J Med. Vol. 363 p.2301–2309.
Chausiaux, O. Hayes, J. Long, C. Morris, S. Williams, G. &Husheer, S. (2011). Pregnancy Prognosis in Infertile Coupleson the DuoFertility Programme Compared with In VitroFertilisation/Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. EuropeanObstetrics & Gynaecology. Vol 6 (2) p.92–4.
O`Donoghue, J.& Herbert, J. (2012). Data Management withinmHealth Environments: Patient Sensors, Mobile Devices, andDatabases. J. Data and Information Quality. Vol. 4p.1–20