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Parenting and Family Relations

Parentingand Family Relations

Parentingand Family Relations

Parentingencompasses supportive elements that aid in the development of thechild from the infancy stage into adulthood. It is not mandatory forthe relationship to be biological in nature for parenting to occur.The well-being of the family, including both parents and children, ishighly influenced by the arrangement and quality of relationshipsamong members of the family. The families’ relational well-beingdirectly impacts on different aspects that ensure prosperity withinthe family these include psychological status, physical health,economic prosperity and finally educational success of children (Baiand Repetti, 2015). This paper aims to look at the family structureand how it impacts on the psychological well-being of children andalso its impact on different processes within the family, forinstance, conflicts within the family and the relationships betweenthe parent and child.

Itis vital to ensure that children are not mentally destabilized asthis significantly affects their performance aptitudes and theirsocial relations. The future adult well-being of the young generationis significantly affected by the mental status while growing up.There is a higher likelihood that depressive episodes among the youngpeople are a significant indicator of the risk of developingdepressive conditions in adulthood.

Familysupport and parenting support

Twoconcepts have to be discussed when addressing parental and familialrelationships. The former category focuses on the services thatensure families function effectively. These mainly includepsychological, health and social services. Regarding parentingsupport, its main aim is to impart knowledge, skills and also provideadvice on child development and rearing (Jones, Cassidy, and Shaver,2015). Parenting support does not mostly focus on the family unit asopposed to the family support which has a wider perception for thefamily unit mainly concerned with its social aspect and ecologicalbalance. The overall functioning and stability of the household is aderivative of family support. There is thus a need to discuss theimpact of family structures on parenting and family relations.


Thisis a major aspect that has a significant influence on differentfamily processes. For instance, it is challenging to maintainparent-child relationship, especially where the biological parentsare distanced from their children. Despite the existence of thisdifficulty, it is possible for absentee parents to foster ties withtheir children given that the physical presence is less significantwhen compared to emotional ties (Englehart, 2016). Parents may beabsent for work related duties hence they should ensure they maintainan emotional connection with their children to cover up for theirphysical absence.

Additionally,family structures have an impact on individual backgrounds andcharacteristics. For example, the probability of low income is highin single parents’ families as compared to households with bothworking parents. The psychological status of the mother is a uniquevariable in family relations. Marriage contributes to a stable mentalstate as in contrast to divorced adults (Henry etal.,2015). To clearly elaborate the influence of these structures onfamily processes and socio-economic aspects, it is, therefore, vitalto discuss different family relations and the rising parental effectsin the context of various family structures.


Theseare families where the biological parents are present and have neverencountered any marital-related issues. In this setting, children arebound to benefit. Not only do children have access to their parents,but are also mentored by them. Disagreements between parents andtheir children are significantly reduced due to higher parentalinvolvement hence contributing to more enjoyable family interactions.However, conflicts are not inevitable in this type of householdsetting, and emotional stability is not guaranteed by the presence ofboth parents (Bai and Repetti, 2015). Both parents may allocate timeto spend with their children, therefore, ensuring that discipline ishighly maintained.

Thelevel of psychological well-being is increased in such a familysetting as compared to other family structures. Antisocial behavioris unlikely in instances where both parents are present. It isunlikely to have incidents of substance abuse or defiance inimmediate families. The income level in such families is also higher.

Divorcedand separation

Inthis type of family structure, the children have been exposed tomarital disruption. There is some similarity between these familystructures regarding family processes and socioeconomiccharacteristics. The probability of conflict is higher among parentswho are filing for divorce with greater chances of verbal or physicalabuse, and this affects children. The anger among divorced parents isalso likely to be sustained due to settlement issues (Hastings andNarvaez, 2016). The parent-child relationship is also affectedparticularly for the non-custodial parent. The parental roles arelikely to be altered following a divorce. There is also a likelihoodof a breakdown in communication and affection between divorcedparents and their children. Inept parenting is common among divorcedparents as compared to intact families. In other instances, therelationship between children and custodial parents is likely to getstronger (Henry etal.,2015). Furthermore, divorce may also contribute to the withdrawalfrom an abusive relationship hence benefiting the child’spsychological status. It is usually difficult to maintain therelationship between a child and a non-residential parent. In mostinstances, the custodial role is given to the woman hence making thefather feel unappreciated and rejected.


Thistype of family usually arises when the marriage between thebiological father and the mother of the child fails to occur. Some ofthe problems are similar to those observed in divorced families suchas undisciplined children, decreased parental involvement,low-income, and increased psychological stress.

Stepfamiliesand mother-partner families

Thesefamily structures are usually complex in nature. Previously, childrenin these families may have been involved in either a single or intactfamily before this setting. These types of families have bothpositive and adverse effects. The child is usually affected dependedon the kind of parent who is remarried. Children are more affected incases where the custodial parent decides to get married, given thatthey may feel sidelined as the newlyweds might need time alone. Ininstances where the non-custodial parent decides to get married,there is a higher likelihood of being distant from their children.Hence, they are likely to spend time with their stepchildren asopposed to their biological children thereby leading to emotionaldetachment (Hastings and Narvaez, 2016). However, this familyrelation is associated with some other benefits. The stepparents’psychological well-being is improved as compared to single ordivorced parents. Additionally, the income is adjusted, and alsochildren are well supervised.

Acomparative analysis of two family television shows


Atthe beginning of this show, this program revolves around two parents,Eric Camden who is a reverend while his wife Annie is a stay at homemom who takes care of their children. The eldest son Matt likes tosmoke and has difficulties in holding onto one job. The oldestdaughter is Mary whose passion is basketball. The third-born is Lucywho yearns for the day she will become a woman and have her period.The youngest son is Simon while the youngest of them all is Ruthie.The parenting approach noted in this television show is permissive innature. To avoid confrontation with their children, parents embraceleniency. The only advantage of this method is that the parents areloving and nurturing. Even though rules exist for the children, thereis an inconsistency when it comes to implementation. The childrenhave a higher tendency of compromising self-discipline andself-control.


Thisshow revolves around an extended family referred to as the Bravermanswho were deeply involved in the joint problems of both families whilecelebrating the triumphs of either family. Adam and Kristina arecouples. Kristina was diagnosed with cancer and went ahead to run forthe mayoral position. These two have a teen son known as Max who issuffering from Asperger’s. One of their older children is Sarah whoworks for Hank, a temperamental photographer. Hank was able toconnect with Max and learned more about his condition through readingbehavioral books which made him discover more on Asperger`s., acondition that he related well too. He was able to improve hisperception of life, hence improving his relation to Sarah whom theyhad a connection. The story is entertaining and emotive as itrevolves around the issues faced in the family and particularly thefunctions of parents. The parents embraced an authoritative style ofparenting where verbal communication is encouraged hence prohibitingchildren from misbehaving.

Familysystem theory

Accordingto this theory, the human is viewed as an emotional component andemploys the system thinking to elaborate multifaceted relations inthe unit. The emotional connection offers the basis for interactionin the family unit. The actions, feelings, and thoughts of familymembers is affected by the family unit hence giving the scenario thatfamily members are harbored under one emotional setting. In thefamily, people yearn for one another’s support, approval andattention in response to their needs. The interdependence witnessedin the family emanates from the reactivity and connectedness of themembers.

Aboutthe 7th heaven television show, there are various scenes which showemotional connectedness among the household members. The emotionalconnectedness is evident when family members share their secrets. Forinstance, Annie was offered comfort by the entire family followingthe news that her mother had been diagnosed with Leukemia. Matt alsorevealed about his engagement with a pregnant girl. For the case of“Parenthood,” the application of this theory is evident in howthe two families relate and share their emotional experiences,especially in providing comfort to Max and Kristina through hercancerous stage.


Finally,it is evident that the personal well-being of the family is dependenton the healthy relationship between parents and their children.However, other aspects such as poverty and less educated parentsmight have a direct impact on family life. Parental conflicts anddepression further worsen the situation.


Bai,S., &amp Repetti, R. L. (2015). Short‐termresilience processes in the family. Familyrelations,64(1),108-119.

Englehart,M. T. (2016). BeyondFamily Structure: Examining the Association between FamilyInstability and Childhood Delinquency(Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University).

Hastings,P. D., &amp Narvaez, D. (Eds.). (2016). Contextsfor Young Child Flourishing: Evolution, Family, and Society.Oxford University Press.

Henry,C. S., Sheffield Morris, A., &amp Harrist, A. W. (2015). Familyresilience: Moving into the third wave. FamilyRelations,64(1),22-43.

Jones,J. D., Cassidy, J., &amp Shaver, P. R. (2015). Adult attachmentstyle and parenting. Attachmenttheory and research: New directions and emerging themes,234.