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Personal Integrated theoretical Approach

PersonalIntegrated theoretical Approach


PersonalIntegrated Theoretical Approach

Personalintegrated theoretical orientation to psychotherapy refers to thedifferent theories which bring about diverse understandings of howindividual problems develop and how they can be mediated. It is thebasics of organizing for treatments and provides a direction totherapists on how to interact with their clients. The theories informthe therapists on viable solutions to both situational anddevelopmental challenges in school, families, neighborhoods and evenmarriage. Individuals who are face such situations or problems go totherapists to seek clarification but use their knowledge to informconstructive ways of thinking. This means that much of the work takeplace in the mind. One of the approaches to theoretical orientationpsychotherapy is the cognitive behavioral therapy will be discussedin this paper.

Cognitivebehavioral therapy

Cognitivebehavioral therapy suggests that beliefs and behaviors are essentialin developing clients who present a problem. Cognitive behavioraltherapists are responsible for helping clients in identifyingproblems and assisting them adjusting to maladaptive behaviors andbelieves. They apply different approaches in identifying a client`sproblem .Therapy is highly interactive and applies out of sectioncores such as classroom assignments, recording varying personal moodsand exposing an individual to that situation that is more likely totrigger anxiety. Therapists teach clients some techniques inbreathing that work in ensuring one remains relaxed.

Rationalemotive behavioral therapy

Therational emotive theory is closely related to the rational emotivebehavior therapy and they can be integrated by a psychotherapist toachieve better results. It holds that individuals hold assumptionsconcerning their lives that lead to some of the specific situationsthey encounter. Some people, however, exhibit irrational assumptionsthat cause them to act in a manner that compromises their happinessand success. Such individuals tend to think they are failures. Someof the suggestion put forth by this theory can work in helping acognitive behavior therapist to better understand a client.

TheABC Model

TheABC Model serves to aid cognitive therapy through the application ofABC irrational beliefs. The model factors in the activating event,beliefs, and consequences (Corey, 2015). The activating event is thatoccasion that triggers a high emotional reaction. Beliefs are usuallyidentified by the client and refer to the negative thoughts thatoccurred to them. Consequences in this model refer to the negativefeelings that came up. However, according to therapists, theactivating event does not lead to negative emotional and behavioralconsequences. People only misinterpret the occurrence of the eventsthus coming up with an irrational belief that leads to consequences.

Necessityfor personal integrated theoretical approach

Theoriesare essential in solving building solutions to real world problems incounseling. Psychotherapy as a discipline incorporates severaltheories in arriving at an explanation of existing phenomena.Different individuals who seek counseling services exhibit diversebehaviors that make reliable of one theoretical approach misleading.Psychologist thus can use one of the approaches as a control and tryother theories that will serve as variables. The variable theorieswill enable a professional psychologist to examine the client in awide perspective. A well-coordinated examination in psychotherapy ishighly likely to yield better treatment.

Achievementsof personal integrated theoretical approach

Throughpersonal integrated theoretical approach to psychotherapy, I am wellable to address the client`s pertinent psychological issues.Identifying the problem in counseling is involving since it isprocedural. As a counselor I have to put the client under examinationfor a period of time. Through this period I can use the threesuggested approaches in arriving at the client`s probe. On arrivingat the client`s problem counseling then begins to take action. Thusthe integrated approach of different psychological theories incounseling justifies professionalism in the field. If clients areinvolved in the process of counseling they become active andmotivated. Due to being active, they tend to appreciate the roleplayed by counselors in their life. They develop a good attitudetowards counselors as well as other members involved in medicalpsychology.

Justificationof personal integrated theoretical approach

Asa therapist, I am well able to use the suggested approaches due to mystrong believe that behavior can be unlearned. I factor unwantedbehavior to be something that is undesired which happens in anotherperson`s environment(Capuzzi &amp Stauffer, 2016).Using the three approaches I am able to unearth the uncalled forresponse and work towards its rectification. As therapists, we haveworked in solving real world psychological problems such as anxietyattacks, eating disorders and phobias. Application of behavioralmodification techniques is the driving force that leads to theachievement of desired results.

Identifyingunwanted behavior leads to a positive suggestion of solutions to theunwanted response. Clients are then engaged in activities that resultin desirable behaviors. The outcome is the most desirable part of theapproaches since it is the last step in counseling. It is thus worthnoting that the theories serve as avenues of opening the counselor toa wider understanding of the client which is essential in assessment.


Theenvironment plays a vital role in the development of individuals andtheir behavior. It is an integral part of the study in anindividual`s psychology development and the different ways in whichthey can be mitigated. Through interacting with an individual and theenvironment one is able to establish different factors that influencebehavior. Social problems are also essential in identifying whyindividuals behave indifferently. However, a view of the societalresponse to individuals with psychological disorders does not add upmuch in coming up with a conclusive study on disorders exhibited(Grant &amp Palmer, 2015).Through auditing the environment a counselor should look at factorsthat trigger individuals to lose personal identity that they oncehad. Individual`s attitudes and perception towards the environmentlargely affect how individuals relate and are a potential cause ofpsychological disorders.


Interactionbetween clients and therapists over a given time result totherapeutic relationship. Through this relationship, meaningfultherapy is initiated. The relationship takes place regardless of thetheoretical orientation by the therapist. For psychotherapy to beeffective enough a strong bond is crucial. Through a relationshipwith therapists, clients are able to explore relational attachments,experiences, and bonds.

Characteristicsof therapeutic relationship

Clientand psychotherapy relationship exists in various dimensions. Some ofthe common characteristics are genuineness, empathy, care, andexperience. Therapists should be genuine enough as human beings andshould not portray the all-knowing mentality as an expert. Empathy isthe ability of a therapist to identify, recognize and come to termswith the situation that their clients face(Feltham &amp Palmer, 2015).This forms the foundation of all therapeutic relationships that areresult oriented. Therapists should offer their clients a caring andwarm environment something that reduces nervousness. Insight andexperience work to ensure that a therapist understands the client`sproblem to the best interest. This is because the client and thetherapists may be two individuals with diverse reasoning and at theend of the day a positive relationship should be established.

Externalrelationship and therapeutic space

Theexternal relationships are essential in building therapeutic spacethat is professional. How therapist interacts with other individualswill have a great impact on the therapeutic space. It is the role ofcounselors to work with clients when the need arises(Harris &amp Flood, 2015).Dynamics in client and therapist relationship serve in building adeeper understanding of the essence of psychotherapy.

Importanceof therapeutic relationship

Therapeuticrelationship serves as a path to therapy. This makes it an importantaspect of therapy that should never be ignored. The client andtherapist relationship serve to determine the success of the therapyand counseling(Wampold &amp Imel, 2015).Through the relationship, the client develops the urge to shareinformation with the therapist that is within the therapeutic space.It thus the relationship that exists that leads to the realizationthat human relationships and interaction do matter.

Clientgoal targets

Throughapplying integrated approach enhancing client coping skills, decisionmaking and improving relationships will of concern. The integratedapproach helps clients to cope with a situation that they face intheir daily lives. Since developmental tasks are not equallydistributed clients through counseling can cope with them. Throughproviding essential information to clients as therapists they areable to sort personal issues and come up with good ways of dealingwith issues that affect their decision making.

Interventionsand goal achievement

Self-monitoringis one of the interventions that I will undertake during thetheoretical orientation of the client. It allows the client to carryout a self-assessment without bias. The achievements are that ithelps a therapist to understand a client better and views. Commitmentto action is also an intervention that is critical for psychotherapy.It gives the client confidence that the therapist is willing toassist through the counseling sections.


Personalintegrated theoretical approach to psychotherapy works in buildingclient confidence and relationships that are long term. Since itapplies different theories to arrive at a conclusion it has a highchance of success when applied to clients who are equally responsive.Clearly, there is no one single theory that boasts to suit allproblem-solving situations and counselors should formulate apersonal approach that blends well with one’s personality. Thisshould recognize the fact that one must be flexible enough to switchbetween approaches and philosophical orientations to suite thesituation at hand.


Corey,G. (2015). Theoryand practice of counseling and psychotherapy.Nelson Education.

Grant,A. M., &amp Palmer, S. (2015). Integrating positive psychology andcoaching psychology into counselling psychology. CounsellingPsychology Review,30(3),23. http://www.academia.edu/download/45325687/Integrating_positive_psychology_and_co ac20160503-10641-1vmvy5t.pdf

Feltham,C., &amp Palmer, S. (2015). An introduction to counselling andpsychotherapy. The Beginner`s Guide to Counselling &amp Psychotherapy,4.

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Harris,G., &amp Flood, K. A. (2015). Teaching Counselling Theory andSkills: A Scoping Review of Canadian Graduate Counselling PsychologyCoursework. CanadianJournal of Counselling &amp Psychotherapy/Revue Canadienne deCounseling et de Psychothérapie, 49(3).

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Wampold,B. E., &amp Imel, Z. E. (2015). Thegreat psychotherapy debate: The evidence for what makespsychotherapy work.Routledge.

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Capuzzi,D., &amp Stauffer, M. D. (2016). ACACounseling and Psychotherapy: Theories and Interventions.John Wiley &amp Sons.

https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&amplr=&ampid=XDHYCwAAQBAJ&ampoi=fnd&amppg=PR3 &ampdq=Personal+Integrated+theoretical+Approach+to+pychotherapy&ampots=zNcx4Lhq5s&amps ig=qPpEguqe_AKj_voVkuVJ0ALWHVw