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Personality in Counseling

Personalityin Counseling

Institutionof Affiliation

1.The philosophy of counseling profession, how it has changed over timeand the importance of studying it

Thefirst theories of counseling professions are resilience, wellness,and prevention that help the counselor to strategize, develop aconcept of ideas, and make appropriate interventions for the growthof the client’s development. The roles of the different counselorare similar while diagnosing but differ when it comes to treatment oftheir clients (Schroeder, 2015). It is, therefore, imperative thatone compares between American Counseling Association and mentalhealth counseling before entering the field. The philosophy ofcounseling has had many transitions. The first paradigm shift wasfrom psychology of humans to social system theory. This changeoccurred from 1950 through 1980. There is another change that istaking place which has been defined as social constructivism. Itdeals more with the relationships than it focuses on people (McLeod,2014). The importance of studying the philosophy of counselingprofession is that it provides a framework for integrity betweencomprehending interpretation and actions that are untimely.

2.The application of personality in counseling theories

Characterinvolves who we are. Our thought, thinking and activities are usuallydriven by personality our life experiences contribute significantlyto the forming and shaping our personalities. One`s personality canobstruct them from seeking for solutions to problems that could bebothering them in their lives. It can also stop one from exploringthe simple and obvious ways in which one can deal with personal andemotional issues that would be achieved from counseling assistance(Corey, 2013). The inner self of a person requires positiveencouragement and personality is a key to comprehending what oneneeds for their good. According to Sigmund Freud, people are borninto conditioning and when people gather knowledge and understandingof who they are, and then they can appreciate and acknowledge theiruniqueness. Freud explains the difference between what an individualfeels and believe and what it is one thinks they feel and think.

3.Theoreticalorientation in counseling and the value of following a theoreticalorientation brings to counseling

Beforeone becomes a therapist or a counselor, they are introduced todifferent theories that provide different understanding about how aperson’s problems should be handled. The concepts of how issuesare developed and they can best be resolved what is referred to as atherapist`s theoretical orientation (Vacc, 2013). It is a guidingprinciple of a counselor to organize a treatment, and it also givesinformation on how a therapist is supposed to interact with his/herclients. A cognitive-behavioral therapy depicts behaviors andbeliefs that help a counselee while presenting their problem. Thevalue that a theoretical orientation adds is that it helps a CBTtherapy to assist their clients to recognize their challenge, adjustmaladaptive beliefs and behaviors (Murphy, 2013).

4.Ethical concerns that may arise in counseling

Itis important for therapists to ensure that they uphold top levels ofprofessionalism during their activities. Some of the ethical concernsthat may occur during counseling may include disclosure. All theinformation provided to counselors should be confidential and canonly be disclosed upon the consent of the counselee. However,disclosure is usually controversial when a therapist tries to examinethe counseling boundaries. There are two types of disclosures incounseling. The first one is how much a counselor can disclose to aclient about themselves and the second one is the adviser disclosureand confidentiality. The role of boundaries in counseling andrespect for clients are other ethical concerns in counseling(Schuhmann, 2015).


Corey,G. (2013). Theoryand practice of counseling and psychotherapy(1st Ed.).

McLeod,J. &amp McLeod, J. (2014).Research on embedded counseling: An emerging topic of potentialimportance for the future of counseling psychology.Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 28(1), 27-43.

Murphy,R. &amp Ackermann, K. (2013). SocialValue Orientation: Theoretical and Measurement Issues in the Study ofSocial Preferences. Personality and Social Psychology Review,18(1), 13-41.

Schroeder,M. (2015). ThePhilosophy of Philosophies: Synthesis through Diversity.Philosophies,1(1), 68-72

Schuhmann,C. (2015). Stories of crime, stories of suffering: A narrativeperspective on ethical issues in criminal justice counselling.EuropeanJournal Of Psychotherapy &amp Counselling,17(1),21-38.

Vacc,N. &amp Loesch, L. (2013). ProfessionalOrientation to Counseling(1st ed.). Florence: Taylor and Francis.