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Pharmacology Drugs


Informationis power. Therefore, it is important to know things in detail beforewe believe or use them. It is in the same vein that users of drugsmust be aware of the circumstances surrounding their usage. Thecategorization of pharmaceutical drugs entails those that areprescribed by physicians and off the counter drugs. The discussionwill involve Xanax, a drug prescribed by doctors to the patients whoare ascertained to be suffering from the conditions that the drug isintended to treat. It is also important to understand that the use ofa drug for its approved indications is termed labeled use. Sometimesphysicians prescribe medication for unlabeled uses.

Xanaxis also referred to as alprazolam. It is a benzodiazepine. Alprazolamis used as a medicine for anxiety disorders or the short-term remedyof the symptoms of anxiety and panic spasms. Moreover, in unlabeleduses, the physicians would use it to manage depression, premenstrualsyndrome, and social phobia. It is also used to treat insomnia,irritable bowel syndrome, and other somatic symptoms associated withanxiety. Again, it is a component of the treatment administered foracute mania and acute psychosis. Xanax causes dependence andinstances of abuse therefore, its use is controlled by the lawsregulating controlled substance. The drug may be abused for itssoothing and calming effects (Pereira and Carrington, 2015.

Asa benzodiazepine, Xanax is a psychoactive drug that changes theneurochemical level of the brain. Alprazolam treatments hyperpolarizeneurons. Neurons do not often fire when they are hyperpolarizedmaking the parts of the brain that provokes feelings of anxiety andfearless active. The sense of calmness and fearlessness sets in whenthese areas of the brain are turned down. It magnifies the effect ofgamma-aminobutyric acid, causing soporific, hypnotic, anxiolytic,muscle relaxant, and anticonvulsant effects (Schepis et al., 2016).Xanax is popularly used in the market because of its moderation instrength. It is fast acting, that is to say, the effects of the drugassuages symptoms and wears off soon after. In essence, it assists inconditions like epilepsy, requiring a person to take the medicationseveral times within a day with less concern over overdose orintoxication. It is significant to bear that the drugs causing thealteration of neurochemical levels are substantially risk to healthif utilized over an extended period. However, clinically, these drugscan be used to manage a rather painful condition, mostly chronic. Itseffect on the body is like that of someone taking alcohol. Theregular intake of Xanax causes the body to adapt to the constantpresence of the drug. In an illustration, significant effects ofXanax heighten the effects of inhibitory neurotransmitters, causingthe body to make less on its own the neurochemical (Johnson, 2013).

Also,the continued use of Xanax predisposes its users to more direeffects. With time, the user will start portraying grave memoryimpairments, intense and comparable to amnesia. Moreover, in theinitial stages of taking the drug, some effects are observable suchas rashes on the skin, unsteadiness, difficulty urinating, reducedsex drive, shortness of breath and difficulty concentrating. Again,the problem with speech becomes more elaborate. While it is intendedthat Xanax will cause relief to the patient, it leaves the patientwith more complications than before. More issues are observed aseffects such as occasional States of deliria, potential violentepisodes, respiratory depression and impulsive depression (Johnson,2013).

Significantly,Xanax use is prohibited for persons who are pregnant and should notbe used while drinking alcohol. It can cause congenital disabilities.Xanax can cause adverse withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it’sborn. Further, the child could express a dependency on the drug. Aperson should use an efficient birth control to avoid pregnancy whileunder the dosage of Xanax. Also, the drug can be transmitted to thebreast milk and could be dangerous to a lactating newborn.Importantly, some of the withdrawal symptoms are vomiting,lightheadedness, nausea, headaches, sweating, anxiety, fatigue, andinsomnia. The intake of alcohol during the use of Xanax onlyincreases its effects, which might overwhelm the chemical compositionof the brain (Schepis et al., 2016).

Notably,benzodiazepines prompt absurd reactions in vulnerable people. Itoccurs that as opposed to the likely effects, the treatment yieldsaggression, anger, rage, excitement and uninhibited conduct invulnerable people (Pereire and Carrington, 2015).

Itis noteworthy that the effects of Xanax abuse transcend beyond thesymptoms. Alprazolam is the most widely abused drugs within theclassification of benzodiazepines. It affects the addict’s life,mind, and relationships. An addiction arising from Xanax causes theaddict to have behavior change. Certainly, this will impact on thosearound them. For instance, an abuser could be violent. Hence, in afamily set up where the addict is a father, cases of domesticviolence are likely to be observable. Some of the effects of Xanaxabuse are attention problems for example lack of focus or confusion,stomach problems, muscle control problems for instance lack ofcoordination and tremors, sight problems, and memory problems likeamnesia or forgetfulness. Moreover, the other effects of Xanax abuseare financial ruin, legal issues, incarceration and social isolation(Schepis et al., 2016).

Conclusively,Xanax is a drug that should be administered by a prescription from aphysician, and the user should be cautious not to fall intoaddiction. It should be used purposely for medication. Apparently, Ithink an alternative drug should be used with lesser addictiontendencies.


Johnson,P. R. (2013, April). The effects of medication on cognition inlong-term care. In Seminarsin speech and language(Vol. 34, No. 01, pp. 018-028). Thieme Medical Publishers.

Pereira,M., &amp Carrington, K. (2015). Irrational addicts and responsiblepleasure seekers: Constructions of the drug user. CriticalCriminology,1-11.

Schepis,T. S., West, B. T., Teter, C. J., &amp McCabe, S. E. (2016).Prevalence and correlates of co-ingestion of prescriptiontranquilizers and other psychoactive substances by US high schoolseniors: results from a national survey. Addictivebehaviors,52,8-12.