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Policy Brief on Sustainable Development Goals Number 3

PolicyBrief on Sustainable Development Goals Number 3

Tothe President of China

Executivesummary

Thisis a discussion of the negative health effects as a result of thepollution of our environment. In this essay an argument about thesustainable development goals will be made entailing some of itsefforts in reducing the health effects. Thereafter, an analysis ofthe implications of the environmental pollution will be done whichsome of the appropriate recommendations will accompany.

SustainableDevelopment Goals (SDG) ensures healthy lives and promote well-beingfor people of all ages. The health issue is a growing concern inChina since the country faces significant challenges and requiresimmediate actions. China’s economic growth has led to air pollutionto the environment that has resulted in adverse effects on citizen’shealth. For instance, outdoor smog is related to 1.6 million deathsin China with a conservative estimate, which is about 4400 people aday. Studies show that air pollution is responsible for 17% of thetotal number of deaths in the year. The continued emissions of carbondioxide to a great amount continues to increase the number of peoplewho have diseases such as lung cancer, stroke, heart disease, chronicand acute respiratory diseases. PM2.5 are fine particles in thepolluted air that are very toxic to human health at high levels.These particles can go through the respiratory system with their tinysizes and stays at the lung. In the past decade, it has been awell-known term in China because it is found in most parts of thecountry. Pregnant women, children and people with weak immune systemsare easily affected. The deadly loses in the country on health thatis caused by smog requires more prominent education and urgentactions to combat pollutant caused diseases in every imaginable anddiversified way, to reach SDG goals three on reducing the number ofdeaths or illness from hazard chemicals, air, water and soilpollution.

Approachesand Results

Chinais undergoing a change in the most concerning diseases, which couldbe catastrophic if left unattended. China, transforming from acountry with extremely high poverty rate has also changed the topcauses of death from malaria, childhood pneumonia, and tuberculosisto the lung, stomach, liver and esophageal cancer, which represents57% of all cancers compared to 17 % in the United States. Researchersof the National Cancer Center in Beijing, China estimate about 3million deaths each year in the most recent years. China’sfactories use a lot of coals for energy which emit CO2into the atmosphere to cause the air pollution. Although certainmeasures have been enforced to reduce the air pollution to reducecancer rate, the environment is likely to continue getting worse andresearchers predict the increase of disease will grow faster in thenext 20 years in China. The PM 2.5 average in 366 cities in China isabout 50.2 μg/m3to China’s standard, which is 99 μg/m3in the United States standard that is unhealthy to human health. Atthe beginning of November 2016, China’s PM 2.5 reached to the mosttoxic level of the six standard levels. As a result, Schools andbusinesses in major cities like Beijing were closed for days, and thenational scientists highly recommended people to stay indoors. Thegrowing number of cases in diseases and cancer caused by airpollution is not only concerned with a certain age or region but forthe care and responsibility of the every individual in China.

Conclusion

Thepeople of China are all affected by the air pollution. The smog thatcaused health issue has now contributed significantly to the deadlydiseases in many people, which requires both the citizens’ and thegovernment’s attention. An effective strategy will reduce thechemical, air pollutions to reduce the number of diseases andinfections which align with the global SDG goal 3 to ensure healthylives and promote well-being for all the citizens. Therefore, themanagement should take necessary measures to ensure that there aregreener options to curb the issue at hand without posing threat toits people.

Implicationsand Recommendations

Themost urgent step China’s government should do is to promote theseriousness of health issues and our goal to eliminate the diseases.It should also enforce more regulations on factories about emissionsof CO2 to decrease air pollution and enhance environmentalprotections policies. Most of the companies in China don’t meet theset standards, and no punishment is done. Local government needs totake actions seriously. Although by adopting a strict environmentalemission policy, companies and factories may have a decrease inprofit. However, China’s government need to consider the long-termsustainable development goals and educate people on the long termprofits and sustainable economic development. China needs toimplement the idea of sustainable development ideas in educationstarting from the youngsters to adults. Also, the government shouldinvest in medical research so that they can improve techniques totreat patients with more advanced methods. It is inevitable for Chinato have an increasing number of lung and stomach cancer in the nextfew years. Therefore, it becomes crucial on how to treat those whoalready have it and teach others how to prevent it with healthierlifestyles such as healthy diet and exercise to strengthen immunesystem among others.

References

https://books.google.com/books?id=3z9EpgisKOgC&amppg=PA200&amplpg=PA200&ampdq=top+causes+of+death+china+1980&ampsource=bl&ampots=3Uzfn0aPVs&ampsig=Erv7jKrGFT211_hEaITAdXknQFE&amphl=en&ampsa=X&ampved=0ahUKEwiVsq705rvQAhXI7iYKHSnICm4Q6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&ampq=top%20causes%20of%20death%20china%201980&ampf=false

http://time.com/4130476/china-smoking-pollution-lung-cancer/

http://www.medicaldaily.com/china-cancer-statistics-today-371444

http://www.pm25.com/news/974.html

http://berkeleyearth.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/China-Air-Quality-Paper-July-2015.pdf