• Uncategorized

Professional Counseling Ethics and Disposition


ProfessionalCounseling Ethics and Disposition

ProfessionalCounseling Ethics and Disposition


Therapistsand professionals working in the counseling field should familiarizethemselves with the fundamental ethical guidelines. Observance ofmoral values is necessary before the start of a counseling session.Moral principles consider the significance of adopting importantvalues that examine the requirements to assist in the attainment ofpositive outcomes. It is also vital to offer a session that orientsitself to the attitude of good therapy. Various teaching andprofessional bodies have come up with the moral codes to assistprofessionals in adopting good behaviors. Furthermore, the rulesassist in creating a good rapport between the caregivers and clientsin need of counseling services.

Itis essential for counselors to embrace objectivity and provideaccurate information that is free of bias. The approach would helpthe clients to make their opinion on what they believe to be true.Further, they should present psychotherapy services irrespective ofwhether they agree with the information or not (Welfel, 2015).Various factors such as legal parameters, interests, values, andprofessional ethics come to play when undertaking mental therapyservices. Counselors need to remain objective and neutral in theirduties while leaving the client to make appropriate decisions thatwill reduce or eliminate their intellectual challenges.

Dispositionare important values that guide the ethical behavior of professionalsin the counseling field. The values stipulate the actions andpatterns that ought to be followed by the therapists when undertakinga session with their clients. The aim of dispositions is to enhancethe realization of positive outcomes, besides improving bettertreatment of clients irrespective of their condition. Theinteractions between therapists and clients are supposed to ensurestrict adherence to the established values of the profession (Swank,Lambie, &amp Witta, 2012).

Objectivityrequires counselors to remain responsible for their duties. As such,the information given out must not be doubtful or ambiguous. Further,mentors are not supposed to make judgments or views regarding theform of counseling provided to a client. The individuals are let tomake decisions based on their convictions and information received.In addition, self-care is an important ethical requirement foradvisers. We recognize that the mental consultants have a lifebesides their duties in counseling. Creating a balance between workand personal life is not easy but essential to warrant the attainmentof positive results. Counselors need to ensure their out-of-workduties do not affect their duties or even their relationship with theclients (Welfel, 2015).

Itis also important for an adviser to ensure that spiritual values donot undermine the goals enshrined in a therapy session. Peoplesubscribe to different spiritual values that may be acceptable orobjectionable to others (Welfel, 2015). Counselors should not lettheir religious beliefs to undermine their provision of services. Assuch, they need to understand the way of conduct in and out ofpractice. When one sets to undertake counseling as a profession, itis important to have adequate preparation on the likely eventualitiesthat have a spiritual inclination. It is recommended that one avoidsbeliefs that are likely to undermine the relationship between acounselor and the client.

Attimes, therapists or counselors are required to volunteer in theprovision of their services to the clients. Volunteerism considersthat a professional does not have to undertake their duties forpurposes of earning a salary or any other form of benefit. The goalis to assist individuals in need of counseling services that may berequired when a client is not in the care facility (Corey, Corey,Corey, &amp Callanan, 2014). In other instances, the therapist maybe required to attend to a client at inappropriate positions.Provision of free services typically happens when the client has nocapacity to pay or during instances where therapists move tolocations where they are volunteering their services. Often, theconcept demands time, resources, and effort commitment even if onewill not achieve any financial benefit. In the course of theirassignments, therapists encounter people who have distinctdifficulties but do not have the financial resources to attendsessions at a care facility.

Anotherimportant concept in counseling is self-disclosure. When undertakingcounseling services, a therapist gets personal information from theclient. Some of the information is confidential and cannot be sharedwith other people. In fact, it is required that a counselor shouldnot reveal the client’s information without his or her consent.Self-disclosure is, thus, necessary to safeguard the privacy ofinformation (Corey, Corey, Corey, &amp Callanan, 2014). Withoutdisclosure, a counselor is undertaking duties without following therequired ethical procedures. One should only reveal information topeople chosen by the client. Otherwise, it is always appropriate toseek the client’s consent when revealing information. Disclosureassists in faster recovery as well as free will in revealinginformation that can assist in counseling.


Dispositionsin counseling reflect the values that a professional undertaking theservices is required to observe. Patience is a crucial value forcounselors or therapists when undertaking their assignments. Clientsmay not be ready to reveal information about their challenges hence,the need to exercise patience. It is important to give a clientoptimum time to enable them to communicate their grievances withease. The importance of patience cannot be underestimated when aclient is having mental difficulties or confidential information thathe or she is afraid of the consequences (Swank, &amp Smith‐Adcock,2014).

Moreover,it is essential for counselors to observe cultural diversity whenundertaking their duties. It is notable that clients come withdifferent characteristics, including culture, religion, and language.Every custom and religious grouping have distinct tenets that theyobserve in their daily engagements. Respect for other people’sculture is instrumental in realizing positive results in counseling(Swank, &amp Smith‐Adcock,2014). At times, the counselor may be required to have an open mindthat is ready to receive information from a range of cultures. It istherefore, vital for a counselor to familiarize self with othercultures, especially in his or her jurisdiction. The move will play asignificant role in ensuring that the adviser undertakes duties withgreat reference to the established social and ethical guidelines.

Furthermore,psychological fitness is a critical disposition for the counselors.They remain aware of their motives besides undertaking emotionalawareness on important elements of psychotherapy. Counselors canattain psychological fitness by adhering to the standards recommendedby bodies such as the AmericanCounseling Association.Besides, they are also supposed to engage in self-care besidesseeking resolutions to issues that arise in the course of theirduties. Perhaps another important value is genuineness where theyengage in truth session with their clients. The patients dependconsiderably on the counselors hence, the need to offer truthful andcredible information that minds their interests (Corey, Corey, Corey,&amp Callanan, 2014).

Inconclusion, it is a fundamental requirement for professionals workingin the counseling field and therapy to observe ethical guidelines toavoid harming the clients besides meeting the expected goals.Consumers of psychotherapy benefit considerably from the adherence toethical guidelines, including objectivity, self-care, andself-disclosure. The mental therapists need to undertake their dutiesdiligently and ethically to ensure no harm is caused to the client.


Corey,G., Corey, M. S., Corey, C., &amp Callanan, P. (2014). Issuesand Ethics in the Helping Professions with 2014 ACA Codes.Ontaria: Nelson Education.

Swank,J. M., Lambie, G. W., &amp Witta, E. L. (2012). An exploratoryinvestigation of the Counseling Competencies Scale: A measure ofcounseling skills, dispositions, and behaviors. CounselorEducation and Supervision,51(3),189-206.

Swank,J. M., &amp Smith‐Adcock,S. (2014). Gatekeeping during admissions: A survey of counseloreducation programs. CounselorEducation and Supervision,53(1),47-61.

Welfel,E. R. (2015). Ethicsin counseling &amp psychotherapy.Boston: Cengage Learning.