- April 3, 2020
Professional Ethic (Project Management) Abstract
ProfessionalEthic (Project Management)
Thefield of professional ethic takes in the organizational and personalconduct, which is needed for every individual in the projectmanagement profession. This paper introduces the concept ofprofessional ethic in relation to project management and goes aheadto explore the Ethical considerations for the organizations driven byprojects. Next, its looks at the concept of self-interest anddifferentiates it from professional ethic. Moreover, it considersstakeholder model of the project management where it refers to atheory postulated by Friedman. This is followed by an infusion ofprofessional ethics into the project management field by examiningthe role of professional ethic in teambuilding. This is followed by adescription of the administrative Support for Professional EthicalProject Management and the professional Code of Ethics for ProjectManagers. Lastly, the paper explores the importance of professionalethic in project management and then the conclusion.
Ethical considerations for the organizations driven by projects 4
Self-interest and good ethic 4
Stakeholder model of the business 5
Infusing professional ethic in project management 5
Professional Ethics in Team Building 6
Administrative Support for Professional Ethical Project Management 7
Professional Code of Ethics for Project Managers 8
Importance of professional ethics 8
ProfessionalEthic (Project Management)
Professionalethics encompasses personal and organizational behavior that iscommon and that a professional should possess. The discipline ofproject managements must focus on ethical considerations when tryingto satisfy the various needs of the stakeholders. Kliem(2011)records that the guidelines of the leaders and managers are goods astheir deeds. In an organization, project managers act as role modelsby actually demonstrating their personal involvement and ethicalbehavior with members of their group in the planning process,control, and execution. By serving as examples of their team members,the managers on behalf of the projects in an organization can be ableto instill and reinforce the expectations and values of anorganization and help to establish enthusiasm, leadership, andcommitment throughout the company. Organizations that are driven byprojects should consider a standard strategy for ethical managementand tactics of implementation that any project leader should followwhen coming up with the best solution showing particular concern forevery stakeholder.
Ethicalconsiderations for the organizations driven by projects
Twothemes give the ground of ethical project management. The topics arethe stakeholder`s model of the business and good ethics andself-interest coincide.
Self-interestand good ethic
Theargument that self-interest and good values coincide to each otherhas its foundation on the different ethical speculations andassertion by other individuals. Some of the ethical theoriessupporting the claim include cultural relativism, general moralityassumptions, possibly and virtue ethics, feminist and Kantian ethictheories among others. The assumptions supporting the assertion arecommonly altruistic in nature (PMI,2011).Ethical principles that are against the statement of self-interestbeing the best ethics include theories of psychological and ethicalegoism and utilitarian assumption. Egotism selfishness in bothpsychological motivation and moral conducts infringe self-interestin ethics because of the feelings and the reactions of other peopleparticularly in an organization are essential. The utilitarianargument premise regards the shortcomings of the deeds performed forthe largest real for multiple stuns self-interest in ethical andmoral actions the functioning of the minority. Right and culturalrelativism theories support the argument that self-interest is goodin ethics because it puts more emphasis on personal rights inconsideration to those of the culture or large group. Ingason(2015)argues that individual rights and the dignity of human kind areendurable via an appropriate combination of personal character andmoral behavior.
Stakeholdermodel of the business
Classicaltheory by Friedman takes the stakeholders of an organization as theproprietors and fails to consider other interested groups as beinglawful entities. The theory argues that the main aim of theorganization is to maximize the output payable to the ownerstakeholders.
Infusingprofessional ethic in project management
Developedbusinesses usually turn to the administration of the project as anappropriate way of delivering programs successfully that wouldencourage development and overextension of capacities andcapabilities of the functional enterprise. As a result, additionaltypes of conflict ethical considerations and intergroup relations toan impermanent team of the project occur differing from the stablefirm. Project-performing companies involved in the establishment ofconsiderable resources and time with the aim of achieving a degree ofmaturity in the management of the project have to describe the needsof the company for ethical management along with performance andprofit criteria. According to Kliem(2011),for an organization to put in place project management effectively,the company should indulgence ethical management of the project as apriority. The concept about ethical project management consists ofinfusions of ethics in disciplines that are professional, propersponsorship execution, stakeholder analysis and team building(Project ManagementCode of Ethics and Professional Conduct. 2011).In various countries including America, project management has beenincluded as a course to help an individual in developing the rightnorms and behavior while conducting organizational operations.Project management faces challenges in an attempt to develop a realprofessional sense in the community when essential organizationaldynamics required in the development of cultural and behavioralaspects of exact profession lack. Professionals in the project-basedorganization can easily influence the behavior of team members. Tosucceed in project management, the organizational leaders shouldembrace the right ethics to help dictate the behavior of other teammembers that can result in the success of the company. To gain valuein project management, the firm should organize itself for theassignments done by the team members. The social team of the taskexperts in an organization should have models describing professionaland ethical behavior that an individual should uphold. Ingason(2015)perceptively states that developing project members with theappropriate focus on ethical practices are important in managingassignments within the firm.
ProfessionalEthics in Team Building
Applicationof team in project management has been viewed to contribute tosuccess and competitiveness of the organization. Teams or groups arean effective move towards meeting the concerns and needs of thecompany through the satisfaction of the operational expectations andrequirements and help in completing the assignment allocated withinthe specified time and budget. In addition, membership in the groupis a primary source of enhanced morale and satisfaction of privatejob. In addition, teams are effective in eliminating and avoidingoccurrences of redundancies in the project management resulting inthe effectiveness of the organization by encouraging the applicationof fewer resources to perform the project within the stipulated time.The international competitiveness of global organizations that havebeen rooted in the project groups and it calls for high degree oftrust among the team members open and continual exchange ofinformation and a clear and appropriate organizational structuredefining the responsibilities and the roles of the team members.Davson-Galle(2013)argues that professional ethic in project management calls for properdirection towards the goals given by the project leaders to the teammembers. The administration should support their group members tohelp them succeed in executing the project. Professional ethicalconsideration can assist in changing the behavior of members that canassist in improving performance in project management.
AdministrativeSupport for Professional Ethical Project Management
Inensuring the success of the project, the senior executives andproject managers should come to an agreement about the values theproject management should uphold. The project managers mostly look atadvantages of managing the project. Project leaders also considerassignment management as an appropriate mechanism of performing theirlife philosophy and work. Executive members, on the other hand, putmore consideration on the value of the firm and the benefits that cancome because of additional initiatives to their personal development.Professional ethic helps in solving difficulties that arise among theexecuting members (Grisham,2011).In addition, the professional ethic is important because it helps inmaking decisions concerning how to bypass the gap of valuecredibility between the executives and practitioners. Professionalethics motivates the employees in conducting their activities bydemonstrating respect for personal and privacy rights and through theduty of trust and loyalty. Respect by all the parties in theproject-based organization contributes the effectiveness whenperforming the project. The individuals make ethical decisions. Thechallenge in executing professional ethics in project management isfor the team to treat and respect each other and act ethically as aperson, treating one another with empathy, respect, and dignity forthe positions they hold
ProfessionalCode of Ethics for Project Managers
Anormative company institutes a set of regulations and rules that itsmembers should follow. The rules form the basis for joining theorganization. Professional ethic helps in coming up with theappropriate standards that guide the performance of the team. Projectmanagers should uphold all individuals in the group carry out corevalues that help in ensuring the appropriate behavior and norms(Davson-Galle, 2013).Project managers should act as role models giving direction throughproper behavior that demonstrate and respect the culture of theorganization. According to the project management institute, the mostcommon professional ethics that the project managers should exercisewhen dealing with team members include compliance with the othermembers despite their positions, responsibility in executing allactivities and guiding other people to meet the set goals andobjectives of the company, honesty and fairness through giving allpeople fair treatment without any form of discrimination. Byestablishing the appropriate code of conduct, defining the necessarybehaviors accepted from all the members.
Importanceof professional ethics
ProjectManagement Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct (2011)states that professional ethic helps in developing cultural andbehavioral aspects. A formulated code of ethics helps the projectleaders in establishing their tasks as professionals. In addition,adhering to the professional standards helps in the establishment ofa sense of distinctiveness and union of the general culture.Professional ethics helps in motivating employees throughwell-formulated rules that they are supposed to follow. According tothe project management institute, professional ethics improves theperformance of the company by giving the direction and acceptablebehavior the all people should adhere to despite the position theyhold. The professional ethic helps in retaining the appropriateculture of the project-based firm.Theproject management institute postulates that the enterprises thatconsider project management as being a profession would help indevelopment competent project managers who can execute all theresponsibilities efficiently, therefore, maintaining the well-beingof the firm. Professional ethic helps in reducing conflict among themembers making the firm effective through harmony and unity among theemployees created by standard rules and behavior applicable to allindividuals in the organization.
Professionalethics comprises of organizational and personal behaviors that arecommon and that a professional person should possess Application ofprofessional ethic in project management brings the sense of unityamong all the players leading to organizational success. Projectmanagers should uphold the right ethics that encourage the well-beingof people in the firm. Professional ethics helps in coming up withthe appropriate team that translates to improvement in theperformance of the organization. Through the establishment of theappropriate standards among employees and the others stakeholders, inproject management, the project managers should act as a role modelby giving guidance and showing concern for all employees.
Ingason, H. T. (2015).IPMA Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct. InternationalJournal of Project Management,33(7),1635. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2015.06.008
Kliem, R. (2011). Ethics andProject Management. doi:10.1201/b11213
Project Management Code of Ethicsand Professional Conduct. (2011). STEPProject Management.doi:10.1201/9781420072365.axb
Project Management Institute,1969.