- May 22, 2020
Professional Nursing Role
Nursingis a critical component of health because professionals within thisfield interact with patients directly. Some of their roles includebeing caretakers, decision makers, communicators, and teachers. Thisresearch paper is going to highlight professional nursing roles. Itwill discuss concepts such as liberal education for nursing practice,organizational and system leadership and preference forevidence-based.
Nurseshave a critical role to play in health care services. Nurses are seenas the caregivers, communicators, managers of care and patientadvocate among others. However, for them to deliver their servicesaccordingly, they must adhere to the set mode of conducts, standardsof operations and use evidence-based research when deciding on theappropriate course of actions to take. Additionally, members of thepublic always expect registered nurses to demonstrate competence andprofessionalism throughout their career. If nurses abide by theseprovisions, it is evident that nursing will be a well-respectedprofession that saves lives in the country. This research paper isgoing to highlight some of the main professional nursing roles andhow they have improved health care delivery in the United States.
TheAssociation of American Colleges and Universities defines liberaleducation as that which can foster science-based knowledge andculture. One professional nursing role is to foster liberal educationfor nursing practice. Here, nurses are equipped with the ability tomake appropriate clinical judgments, understand policies andstandards and also accept responsibility in nursing. Nurses are seenas the decision makers in health settings and it is thereforeexpected that they should use proper critical making skills and setgoals that will promote outcomes for a patient (American Associationof Colleges of Nursing, 2015). Nurses use clinical judgment todetermine what is best for the patient. When liberal content has beenprovided alongside nursing education, it is evident that graduatescan gain knowledge in human culture and spiritual beliefs.
Anotherprofessional nursing role or essential is the basic organizationaland system leadership which will ensure quality care and safety ofpatients. Effective leadership is critical when it comes to deliveryof health care services. According to Black (2016) nurses are alsothe managers of care. This means that they are the ones tasked withdirecting and coordinating care by professionals andnon-professionals hence affirming that the patient’s goals havebeen met. Professional nurses are therefore expected to understandthe use of quality improvement concepts and their respectiveoutcomes. Additionally, they are tasked with monitoring quality andsafety indices in the facility. Research state that safety entailsrisk minimization through system effectiveness and personalperformance (Johnson, Cowin, Wilson & Young, 2012). When it comesto decision making, professional nurses are supposed to rely onevidence-based knowledge to promote factors that create safety andcaring culture.
Anotherprofessional nursing role is its preference for evidence-basedpractices. According to recent studies, evidence-based practicesprovide a systematic process through which processes can beevaluated. Registered nurses are expected to protect the rights ofthe patient by ensuring that he or she receive adequate quality care.Being patients advocate means ensuring that they receive cohesivecare. Nurses should act on the patient`s behalf and support anydecision that he or she makes at all times. The long-term impact ofthis is that it tends to empower the patient and this help in therecovery process.
Anotherprofessional nursing role is information management and effectiveapplication of patient care technology. Modern medical practices andprocedures dictate that nurses should be knowledgeable with basictechnical skills including computers, data gathering devices andother technologies that are often used to support patient careinterventions. Research has confirmed that computer and informationliteracy are essential components of nursing (Huston, 2013). Some ofthe benefits of technology include cost effectiveness and improvedpatient outcomes. Following effective integration of technology inhealthcare settings, it is evident that communication will beenhanced and safety standards uplifted in health care facilities.
Anotheressential nursing relates to health care policy, finance, andregulatory environment. It is important that nurses understand theneed for a healthy working environment. Nursing theories suggest thatthe environment has a critical role to play as far as pathogenesis isconcerned. Nursing is a critical practice and should be regulated.Consequently, the professional nursing role also entailsinterpersonal communication and collaboration among healthpractitioners. If effectively adopted, health services will becomepatient-centered, and there will be significant quality improvements.Interpersonal communication enables nurses to interact with patientsand fellow workmates appropriately, and this helps improve quality ofhealth services.
Otherprofessional nursing roles relate clinical prevention and populationhealth. Studies indicate that genetic factors, lifestyle, and theenvironment are major determinants of health. Effective understandingof these factors will aid in disease prevention (Huston, 2013).Additionally, nurses are expected to promote professionalism andprofessional values. This helps in promoting social justice and humandignity. Lastly, nursing should integrate generalist nursingpractice. Here nurses should integrate knowledge learned to improvepatient’s outcome.
Someof the roles and functions of nurses include being caregivers,communicator, and manager of care. Additionally, they play thecrucial role of being patients advocate and teacher. Nurses arecaregivers because they provide hands-on care to patients. They tendto their physical needs and also help with illness prevention. Nurses also care holistically for patients and this entail tending totheir emotional, physical and psychological needs.
Researchalso affirmed that nurses are decision makers because they set goalsfor the health care facility and promote outcomes for patients(Johnson, Cowin, Wilson & Young, 2012). They get to exercisetheir critical thinking skills when they assess the patient andidentify problems. Additionally, they take part in implementingstrategies and developing interventions and also evaluating theoutcomes of any intervention used ion disease management. Nurses aretherefore expected to use their decision-making skills such ascritical thinking abilities to come up with decisions that willimprove their patient’s outcomes. The above mentioned professionalnursing role also empower nurses to be communicators. In this case,they are expected to use their interpersonal and communication skillsto understand the needs of their clients and thus help improve thehealthcare environment.
Anotherbenefit of the professional nursing role is that it empowers nursesto be managers of care. In this case, nurses are the ones responsiblefor continuity from the period that a patient enters their hospitalup to when they have been discharged. In some cases, they overseehome care instructions and thus ensuring that the patient fullyrecovers. Based on some of the highlighted professional nursing role,it is evident that nurses can also be classified as patient advocatesand teachers because they help patients learn about treatments,medications, health and procedures. They also educate their patientson how to deal with challenges that they face during and after anillness.
Inconclusion, it is evident that nurses have a very important role toplay when it comes to the delivery of health care. Some of theprofessional nursing roles include foster liberal education fornursing practice, ensuring basic organizational and system leadershipwhich translates to quality care and safety of patients.Additionally, other roles include advocating preference forevidence-based practices and understanding prevention and populationhealth. Effective integration of these concepts will ensure increasedpatient outcomes.
AmericanAssociation of Colleges of Nursing. (2015). The essentials ofbaccalaureate education for professional nursing practice. PublishedOctober 20, 2008.
Black,B. (2016). Professionalnursing: concepts & challenges.Elsevier Health Sciences.
Huston,C. J. (2013). Professionalissues in nursing: Challenges and opportunities.Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Johnson,M., Cowin, L. S., Wilson, I., & Young, H. (2012). Professionalidentity and nursing: contemporary theoretical developments andfuture research challenges. InternationalNursing Review, 59(4),562-569.