- July 5, 2020
Sexeducation is a subject that has attracted a global debate amongpsychologists, curriculum developers, and religious leaders, as wellas the human right activists. Sex education can be defined as theteaching programs on such matters related to human sexuality asoriginal composition, the age of consent, generative health, safesex, natal control, and sexual abstinence. However, comprehensive sexeducation entails teaching an individual on abstinence as the onlymeans of avoiding early pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases italso emphasizes the use of a condom for prevention (Bittner360).Similarly, comprehensive sex education also involves impartingknowledge on communication skills. However, the paper shall focus onthe relationship between sex education and transmission of sexuallytransmitted infections (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, as well asevaluating whether the perceptions on sex education are positive ornegative.
SexEducation and STDI Transmission Rate
Accordingto Bitner (359), the society should move beyond the scary picturesabout sex and begin expounding on the aspects of sex, briefing eventhe young. Interesting, most parents feel ashamed, or shy wheninnocently confronted by their children on the subject of sex.Notably, the young individuals, once unsatisfied with the responsesthey get regarding sexual matters, become curious and would, in mostcases, explore for themselves. As a result, they end up acquiring theall the range of sexually transmitted diseases, from syphilis togonorrhea, and to the worst, HIV and AIDs. Fortunately, however, forthe United States-U.S., sex education is widespread, and the parentshave overcome the phobia of discussing sex matters with theirchildren. Concurrently, the government has also invested in trainingsex education experts, who are then absorbed into the system to helprich the minor citizens (Bittner364-365).
Accordingto the statistics done by National Center for Health Statisticsreleased regarding the U.S. education on sex between the period 2006and 2008, most teenagers acknowledged that they were benefited fromsex education before turning 18 years of age. Significantly, it thestatistics showed that 88% of ladies and 89% of males had evenreceived sound sex awareness and teachings on the prevention ofSTDIs, specifically HIV/AIDS, when they were between ages 15 and 19years. Furthermore, from the sample that had received sex education,it was worth noting that 93% of females and 92% of males receivedsuch teachings in the middle school. Of significant importance fromthe survey was the fact that more than 50% of the youths interviewedconfirmed that they held discussions concerning the subject of STDswith their parents or guardians(Lindberg and Isaac 334-335).
Consequently,receiving sex education would help the young in the society makehealthy decisions on matters of STDs like the use of condoms,delaying sex, reducing the number of sex partners to a maximum ofone, or lessening the incidence of sex. Moreover, education thatrelates sex and STDs not only make the young have safe sex, but alsoaffects their perceived behavior. The fact that the teenagersunderstand that they are vulnerable with unchecked sex life permitthem to develop better social norms. Hence, the attitude and behaviorof such individuals would change positively as regards to how theyrelate with people in the society. Such decisions are substantial inkeeping the community culture, values, and norms vibrant for even thegenerations to come (Lindbergand Isaac 337).
SexEducation and Teenage Pregnancy
Basedon the information brought forth by Center for Disease Control andPrevention’s National Center for Health Statistics, pregnancy amongteenagers had been on the decrease from 1995 to 2002 in the UnitedStates. That was due to the contraceptive wave that swept the nationdue to the strong advocacy by the human rights groups. However, thetrend took a new look from 2006, with teenage pregnancies on the rise(Schaletetal.1596).To substantiate the same, the National Centre for Health Sciencereport revealed an overall 5% increase in teenage birthrates in theUnited States, by a margin of 2%, from 40.5% to 42.5% between 2005and 2007 (Marquesand Nicole 129-130).However, between 2011 and 2013, over 80% of teenagers between 15 and19 years of age received a formal education on sex and pregnancy,which lead to a further decline in the figures of teenage pregnancyin every state in the U.S.A. due to sex education. In contrast, inmany countries where sex education is still seen as unnecessaryinformation teenage pregnancies have increasing grown therebycausing common confusions and extreme challenges in such societies orcountries(Marques and Nicole 127).
Basedon the statistics, sex education has a positive impact in reducingteenage pregnancies. In fact, sociologists point out that expectantminors not only worry themselves, but also transfer the same anxietyto the parents. Their social aspects become dwindling as friends tendto depart from them. Hence, expectant teenagers are lonely and seemvulnerable if not well taken considered for counseling. Thebiological changes they undergo during such times of pregnanciesadversely affect their inner circle. Also, the society norm wouldquickly condemn young pregnant individuals, thereby causing adivision in social assimilation. On the other hand, the families ofthe several expectant teenagers would also be ashamed and mayoccasionally take stern measures against them. Though in rare cases,most of the pregnant young individuals are given punishments likebeing sent out of the home in some of the tribes in Africa. As aresult, the girls would move in desperation in search of survivalmeans, leading to the spread of HIV-AIDS, prostitution, and banditry(Sprecher, Gardenia and Adena 19-22).Besides, the young expectant females could also be forced into earlymarriages even marrying from an older age group and age set, therebycausing social challenges in the society like infidelity and lack ofrespect. Worth noting, such problems could lead to populationincrease, high child mortality rate, projected mother death rate, andin some cases, straining the resources of a nation (Marquesand Nicole 128).
Basedon the looming political danger in cases where teenage pregnancy isnot controlled, therefore, sex education should be embraced byvarious stakeholders so as to contain the situation. On designing thecurriculum, all aspects of sex should be incorporated. Thegovernment, civil society, parents, and religious groups, thus, needto join hands in the design and development of the syllabus (Fonneretal.393).According to sociologists, each should soberly consider all the painsand challenges of unwanted pregnancies and come up with a tool thatsufficiently tackles it. Hinted central areas to be covered includethe concept and intention of sex, the purpose of sex, danger of firstsex, and the impact of unprotected sex, self -defense in the event ofrape, the use of contraceptives, and the pain of the family of apregnant teenager. However, sociologists indicate that evenprofessionals in sex education tend to shy from certain aspects ofsex education (Lindbergand Isaac 334).
Impactof Sex Education Program
Arguably,comprehensive sex education program resulted in a change of attitudetowards sex, decrease in sex-related risks, and increase in sexknowledge compared to institutions that did not have sex education(Schaletetal.1600).From the survey, an opinion that having many sex partners made one ahero drastically diminished among the students. Hence, such a changeof position is attributed to the reception of sound knowledge on thesubject matter. Additionally, the shift in behavior is also relatedto change from the traditional handling of the issue to a moreelaborate and procedural approach (Lindbergand Isaac 331).Hence, sex education is decisive in shaping teenage perception itmakes them adopt precautionary measures regarding involvement insexual acts, for example, abstaining.
Besides,evaluations on of all-inclusive sex education from the abovestatistics indicate that the number of minors involved in raw sex issignificantly declining. If they get involved, the individuals dohave factual information that could help them avoid most of thedangers associated with sex. Also, there have been decreased frequentsexual activities, rise in the use of condoms, and more inclinationtowards the use of contraceptives. Finally, the statistics showedthat more teenagers exposed to detailed sex education are less likelyto contact STDIs (Abramsonetal.129). Therefore, it can be utilized as one of the strategies to helpin the prevention of the spread of infections such as gonorrhea andsyphilis, as well as HIV/AIDs among the teenagers.
Sexeducation is of great importance and critical for every youngindividual in the society. Nonetheless, there is a need to balancesex education and ensure it is all inclusive to the benefit of thecommunity. Negative stereotypes, as well as shyness from some of thestakeholders, should be adequately handled. Above all, everygovernment should endeavor to invest in training more sexeducationist to deliver services to the needy children in future.
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