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Providing Services When a Threat May Exist

PROVIDING SERVICES WHEN A THREAT MAY EXIST 8

ProvidingServices When a Threat May Exist

ProvidingServices When a Threat May Exist

Childabuse can be said to be the action of an individual mostly an adultthat causes significant harm to a child. This type of maltreatmentcan be physical, sexual, psychological, and the general medical andeducational neglect. Child neglect of whatever form, can be asdamaging as physical abuse, thus the reason for categorizing it aschild abuse. Primary prevention of child abuse is the prevention ofthe abuse before it happens and reducing its occurrence. It is theintervention designed to help prevent child abuse before it happens.Child abuse has emerged as a serious problem and has lasting effectson its victims. An abused child experiences different challenges thatgreatly interfere with their normal development and subsequentlytheir behavior as they grow. The goal of prevention is to stop theact before it happens. Prevention requires a comprehensive approachthat influences all levels of social ecology. This essay discussesthe prevention and intervention methods used in managing child abusein different settings.

Preventionand intervention of child abuse take different shapes depending onthe setting of the abuse. Many children experience child abuse athome. In preventing this, there are strategies that must be deployedthat impact on the community and societal levels as well asindividual relationships levels. One of the prevention strategies isstrengthening financial supports to the families that are affected byabusive members (CDC, 2016). Strengthening financial supportstructures for families have been found to have the largest impact onthe family’s health. Research has shown how low income earningfamilies subsequently affect a child’s development in theiracademics, health and their exposure to neglect and abuse (CDC,2016). Offering economic support to such families improves theability of the parents in satisfying their children`s needs,providing the appropriate child care and improves the parent`s mentalhealth. This strategy can be used to completely change a family`scontext by enabling the parents to improve their balance between workand family. This would allow the parents to concentrate their effortson providing the appropriate care for their children. With thenecessary care provided to children, there is the likelihood thatthese children would experience a stable and safe environment withimproved relationships.

Anotherstrategy that can be implemented to prevent child abuse is to changethe common social norms to support parents and positive parenting.There are some social norms that are a group believe that dictate andset expectations on how members of a given group should behave. Forexample, African families believe that whooping their kids is theonly way to administering disciple in their kids. Changing suchbeliefs that allow or considers violence against children as normalis vital to the prevention of child abuse. Various social normsdirectly impact on the development of children (CDC, 2016). Differentgroups have different opinions on matters such as breastfeeding, howto address young children, and responsibilities of children within ahousehold. Changing such norms would go into ensuring that there is ashift in perceived responsibilities for children, reduce the beliefin corporal punishment, and decrease the conviction that asking forhelp in parenting is wrong among many other outcomes that would seechild abuse abridged significantly. Studies have shown that publicengagement and education coupled with legislative approaches thatchange societal norms have significantly helped prevent child abuseand neglect.

Tofurther prevent child abuse cases there is a need to provide childrenwith quality care and education early in their lives. This wouldensure that the children improve their cognitive skills andsocio-emotional development. In so doing the children are likely tobe aware of themselves and their environment enabling them to avoidsituations that would be used as an excuse to abuse them (CDC, 2016).Research suggest that in states that have a high number of theirchildren in school and meet the demand for child care assistance haverelatively low cases of child abuse and neglect. This makes educationan important aspect of the prevention of child abuse. Offeringquality affordable child care has been found to reduce parentalstress and maternal depression both of which play a role inencouraging child abuse. In providing quality care and education tothe children, it is important to consider preschool enrichment withfamily engagement which would enhance parenting practices and socialsupport for both the parents and the children.

Thedevelopment of any child is significantly influenced by theenvironment they are brought up in and the relationships they haveduring their early years. Children brought up in houses where theparent of caregivers had inadequate parenting skills turn outdifferent to their mate from stable families (CDC, 2016). This makesit necessary to enhance parenting skills that in turn promote ahealthy development of the children. Parental skill deficiency makesit challenging and impossible for such parent to provide sufficientcare and nurturing that children need for them to efficiently developtheir behavior. This often leads to child abuse as the parents arenot aware of the effects of their actions most of the time (CDC,2016). To prevent such cases, it is important to promote and enhanceparenting skills while at the same time encourage such parent to seekhelp in caring for their children. There is sufficient evidenceshowing that parents who take parental training programs positivelyinfluence the way they treat and relate to their children leading toreduced cases of child abuse.

Childrendo not only experience child abuse at their homes. The problem isalso prevalent in the schools they attend. To prevent cases of childabuse in school, it is important for schools to introduce programsthat would teach both the teacher and the children life skills thatare aimed at developing them to be responsible (Hundeide &ampArmstrong, 2011). People require a particular set of skill that theyuse to navigate the complex society they are currently leaving in.Schools never actually teach life skills that would prepare someoneto face the world without having to be abusive to others. Teachers orother involved adults have the opportunity to teach children theseskills directly or indirectly. In so doing they would be bringing upa generation of future parents that will not be abusive to their kidssubsequently reducing on cases of child abuse and neglect. Developinglife skills in schools boost the self-worth of the individuals andtheir confidence in facing the world without stepping on others(Hundeide &amp Armstrong, 2011). These life skills also help thechildren learn how to get their needs met as they would be able toexpress themselves. They also enable the children to learn how tomake decisions and solve problems in the process take responsibilityfor their actions. This can significantly influence theirrelationship with other and prevent abuses while in school.

Bullyinghas been identified as one of the forms of child abuse in schools.Bullying can be referred to as an unwanted aggressive behavior amongschool going children that involves real or perceived power imbalance(Hundeide &amp Armstrong, 2011). It can also be defined as the useof perceived superior influence to intimidate someone into doing whatone wants. Bullying takes many forms ranging from physical attacks,verbal taunts, threat and intimidation and extortion of money orpossessions. Studies have related the bullying behavior todifficulties one experience at their homes. Children coming fromabusive families have been found to develop tendencies of bullyingbehaviors as they do not see any problem in dictating actions toothers (Hundeide &amp Armstrong, 2011). Child supervision has alsobeen known as a catalyst to bullying with the kids who experience lowlevels of control at home likely to become bullies. It is, therefore,important for schools to develop measures that would ensure reductionof bullying and subsequently reduce cases of child abuses in school.Some of these steps include having rules against bullying, peer andconflict mediation, consistent and immediate repercussion forperpetrators and creating awareness about bullying both in the schooland the community.

Anotherway of preventing child abuse in school is instilling problem solvingand coping skills on the children. Problem-solving includes definingthe problem, generating alternative solutions, choosing the bestsolution, making a plan and executing the solution and evaluating theoutcome of the solution. Learning how to cope with a crisis wouldhelp a child who is abused manage their situation in a manner thateliminates a repeat of the same. For example teaching the childrenhow to handle sexual abuse would enable the children to know who toreport to and what to do in such cases. This would ensure theoffender does not walk away without experiencing the consequences oftheir actions (Hundeide &amp Armstrong, 2011). By knowing theresources they have at hand, children can take control of their livesin return feel less vulnerable. They would know how to respond todifferent situations and how to avoid getting themselves insituations or environments that would expose them to possibleabusers. Teaching the children crisis management in school wouldallow the children to be cognitive of their surrounding both atschool and homes, in turn, protect them from being abused.

Manyethical problems may arise in working with children in a schoolsetting. One of the issues that arise primarily from showing too muchcare is a conflict in opinions about the relationship teachers haveforged with their students. If a teacher shows too much attention toa single student, other students might perceive that the two are insome form of unusual or sexual relationship. This might cause a lotof problems, especially to teachers who like to show too muchaffection to students they sympathetic for. In handling such cases,it is vital to define the problem both emotionally andintellectually, deliberate the child`s chronological and developmentlevel, and consider the setting, the parental rights and the minor’sright in determining the case.

Insummary, child abuse is a thorn in the society that must be removedby all means. It is the responsibility of everyone around a child toensure that they are providing the youngster with a safe and suitableenvironment in which the child can learn and develop his/herbehavior. The issue of preventing child abuse should not be left onlyto authorities, but it must be the mandate of every adult toidentify, report, and in cases where the abuse is about to happen infront of them prevent child abuse.

References

CDC.(2016, April 5). Childabuse and neglect: Prevention strategies.Retrieved November 27, 2016, fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/can-prevention-technical-package.pdf

Connecticut’sTeacher Education and Mentoring Program. (2012). Ethicaland professional dilemmas for educators: Facilitator’s guideunderstanding the code of professional responsibility for educators.Retrieved from http://www.ctteam.org/df/resources/Module5_Manual.pdf

Hundeide,K., &amp Armstrong, N. (2011). ICDP approach to awareness-raisingabout children’s rights and preventing violence, child abuse, andneglect.&nbspChildAbuse &amp Neglect,&nbsp35(12),1053–1062. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.09.008