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PSYCHOLOGY 4

Psychology

Psychology

“Reviewof ‘Oxytocin Modulate and Social Distances between Males andFemales’”

Variousbehaviors exhibited during first encounters play a huge role inindicating any attraction between opposite sexes. One such behavioris the presence of eye-contact. Also the Personal Space (PS) betweenthe two, where a closer PS would suggest intimacy. But it is thebehavior engaged in approaching the opposite gender (usually by themale) that is important in portraying potential interests,romantically (Scheele et al., 2012). Research has suggested that theprosocial neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) enhances the attraction, (andits related behaviors), between a male and a female. The question ofthe role of OXT in male-female interactions is realis what informed the subject of the experiment. The hypothesis to betested was whether personal traits determined the effects of ‘OXT’on the promptness of male to cosset in approach norms.

Independentvariables were personal features.They included attachmentanxiety,culturalcognitive proficiency, and relationship status. The factors weremeasured usingthe ‘Social Interactions Anxiety Scale’ and the‘Social Phobic Scale’. The dependent variable was Influence of‘OXT’ on approach behavior of male individuals. Intranasal OXTwasadministeredon a group of subjects. The control group of subjects did not receiveany dose of OXT. H0:OXThas no influence on approach behavior of men. H1OXT influences approach behavior of people(Scheele et al., 2012).

Inthe experiment, the PS between men and the experimenter averagedbetween 49.89cm to73.61cm. PS in the control experiment averaged49.33cm to 78.87cm (Scheele et al., 2012). The difference isstatistically significant.

Insummary, this confirms that OXT does determine the approach behaviorof men. It stimulated peopleto keep a relatively closer PS between them and a beautiful woman.However, The PS was larger for men in relationships than single men.Therefore OXT can curb promiscuity in men in relationships.

References

Scheele,D., Striepens, N., Hurlemann, R., et.al. (2012). Oxytocin modulatesSocial Distancebetween Males and Females. TheJournal of Neuroscience, 32(46), 16074-16079.