- March 25, 2020
Respiratory Case Study
Thepatient appears to have cases of both COPD and upper respiratorytract infection. These are both chronic and acute health problemsthat could require the use of different approaches to address themsuccessfully and reduce their severity, thereby improving the levelof health of the patient. These actions would involve the utilizationof both pharmaceutical drug treatment as well as health education sothat he may be in a good position to manage the health problem thathe may be going through so as to able to go about his day to day life(Goodwin, Seeley, & Lewinsohn, 2013). Notably, this paper shallanalyze the specific treatment goals for the patient and the kind ofmedication that may be prescribed for the patient. Besides, it willfocus on the kind of health message that may be shared with thepatient to enable him to achieve high levels of effectiveness indealing with his health problems.
Thepatient is suffering from two health problems, and the primary goalshall be to reduce the severity of symptoms manifested by COPD aswell as adequately treating the respiratory tract infection.Particularly, for the case of COPD, the principal aim of treatment ofsymptoms lies in reducing the progression of the case so that thehealth condition of the patient may not continue to deteriorate. Thequality of life of the given patient will, therefore, be ensured inthe end. This will be possible if the health professional shall takeextreme measures to prevent the advancement of specific symptomsexhibited by the patient at the time of visiting the health facility(Heslop, Newton, Baker, Burns, Carrick-Sen, & De Soyza, 2013).Notably, one way through which the health professional shall dealwith the problem of breathlessness is by prescribing pharmaceuticaland non-pharmaceutical therapies that are aimed at subduing theproblem by a high margin. On the other hand, there are cases wherethe complete treatment of a given symptom may be possible within ashort period. In such cases, the health professional shall,therefore, have the duty to relieve the particular symptoms in a bidto improve the health of the patient and reduce the extent ofdiscomfort that could be brought about by those symptoms. One of suchsymptoms particular to the given patient that could be reduced iscoughing.
Additionally,the heath professional may have to accomplish the goal of reducingmortality from COPD while treating the individual. The health problemcould get complicated particularly when it is left untreated or whenit combines with another one that reduces the immunity of a givenindividual. In such a case, the health practitioner shall have a dutyto ensure that the patient is well protected from a further worseningof the condition which could turn out to be fatal if proper steps arenot taken early (Heslop et al., 2013). Another treatment goal wouldbe making sure that there are no cases of drug reactions as thepatient is given a different regimen to tackle his health problems.Cases of side effects would need to be dealt with more intently tosustain the general health of the patient (Bourbeau, Tan, Benedetti,Aaron, Chapman, Coxson, & Leipsic, 2014).
Moreover,the treatment goal for respiratory tract infection that the patientsuffers would lie in stopping its progression to adverse stages.Also, it would include the complete killing of the bacteria thatcaused the health problem to enable the patient to regain a goodcondition. Additionally, the health professional will have toaccomplish the goal of ensuring that the two health problems that thepatient suffers from do not combine to affect him in a severe manner.
Medicationto prescribe to the patient
Variousantibiotics may be used for the treatment of respiratory tractinfection. These include Penicillin, Amoxicillin, Cefadroxil, andCefaclor. Remarkably, these drugs kill the specific bacteria that mayhave played a part as causative agents of the health problemsexhibited. On the other hand, drugs that may be used to subdue thesymptoms of COPD will include bronchodilators, such as, tiotropium,aclidinium, indacaterol and formoterol (De Marco, Marcon, Rossi,Antó, Cerveri, Gislason, & Leynaert, 2015). Notably, these drugshelp in reducing symptoms such as dizziness, runny nose, andirritated or scratchy throat. The patient may also need to takeenough food while undergoing drug treatment. Notably, this willensure he is in a healthier state because diet and drug interactionbuild the chances of healing from the health problems. Also, the caseof drug absorption, metabolism, distribution, excretion shall also befastened through having proper intake of food.
Teachingto provide to patient
Therewill also be a need for the health professional to provide thepatient to with some instruction that will enable him to deal withthe two health problems mentioned above. One such teaching wouldrequire the patient to cut on the smoking of cigarette so that he mayminimize the symptoms that are associated with such a habit. Notably,such a process will enable the patient to recover from exacerbationsthat are related to COPD and will, therefore, improve his state ofhealth (Heslop et al., 2013). Besides, the process shall reducebreathlessness that may be brought about by given health problems (DeMarco et al., 2015).
Moreover,the patient may need to take extra care to stay away from children,especially when his health conditions are quite severe. As a result,this will minimize the chances of infecting them with the respiratorytract infection to the patient, given the fact that it is caused bybacteria that may be transmitted from one person to another (De Marcoet al., 2015). Also, it would be of great importance for the patientto adhere to the drug regimen that he is enrolled to in the treatmentof the health problems that he suffers. Notably, this will be ofgreat help since it will reduce the chances of development ofresistance to the disease, which would rather have worsened thesituation.
Additionally,the patient may need to undergo frequent health check-ups even whenhe seems to be in good health. Notably, this process will helphighlight any health complications that could have developed fromtime to time. Also, the patient may need to take a day off work whenhe feels his health problems are severe.
Critically,cases of COPD and respiratory tract infection need to be handled withextreme care in such a way that they may be reduced to lower levels.It is, therefore, important for health professionals to ensure thatthey provide patients with proper care and health education to dealwith the problem.
Bourbeau,J., Tan, W. C., Benedetti, A., Aaron, S. D., Chapman, K. R., Coxson,H. O., … & Leipsic, J. (2014). Canadian Cohort Obstructive LungDisease (CanCOLD): fulfilling the need for longitudinal observationalstudies in COPD. COPD:Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 11(2),125-132.
DeMarco, R., Marcon, A., Rossi, A., Antó, J. M., Cerveri, I.,Gislason, T., … & Leynaert, B. (2015). Asthma, COPD and overlapsyndrome: a longitudinal study in young European adults. EuropeanRespiratory Journal,ERJ-00086.
Goodwin,R. D., Seeley, J. R., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (2013). Childhoodrespiratory symptoms and mental health problems: the role ofintergenerational smoking. Pediatricpulmonology, 48(2),195-201.
Heslop,K., Newton, J., Baker, C., Burns, G., Carrick-Sen, D., & DeSoyza, A. (2013). Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy(CBT) interventions for anxiety in patients with chronic obstructivepulmonary disease (COPD) undertaken by respiratory nurses: the COPDCBT CARE study:(ISRCTN55206395). BMCpulmonary medicine, 13(1),62.