- June 9, 2020
San Francisco Community Policing
SanFrancisco Community Policing
SanFrancisco Community Policing
Toensure that security is enhanced in a certain environment, there isalways need to put some strategies to assist in the process. One ofthe strategies used by police officers is community policing.Community policing involves working in partnership to ensure securityis public safety in a particular area. Public safety practices mayinclude fighting crime, maintaining law and order, and eliminatingthe fear of criminal activities. Police officers should work togetherwith the public to proactively put community policing into practice(Miller, et.al, 2013). In the United States, different policedepartments have put community policing into practice, which hasbrought some significant changes in ensuring that there is security.One of these police departments is San Francisco Police Department(SFPD). There are several strategies that the police department hasput into place to ensure that police officers work effectively withthe public in providing security. Theproceeding discussion is on San Francisco Police Department with thestrategies it has used to ensure the strengthening of communitypolicing. These strategies include use of director to mediate betweenthe police department and the community, use of patrol and schoolresource officers, recruitment of staff and training, and finally,community partnership
SFPDuses the community policing as its main way of providing security tothe society. SFPD has a mission in protecting life and propertiesthrough working in partnership with the community to eliminate crime,fear of crime, arresting the individuals who seem to bring insecurityin San Francisco and also providing a safe environment. The corevalues of SFPD includes maintaining a respectful and courteousrelationship with the community, maintaining honest and opencommunication with the community members, and finally providing afair-minded leadership full of empathy and understanding (SanFrancisco Community policing, 2016).
Tomonitor and enhance community policing, the director of communitypolicing acts as the coordinator between the departments, thecommunity, and other organizations interested in fighting insecurity.When community policing strategies are in place, the directormonitors their progress. He or she also works in conjunction withother departments like the Training Division to develop thecurriculum and the procedures needed in community policing. He alsoworks with other forty officers and is involved in planning formeetings attended by members of the department and the community. Thedirector for community policing thus has many responsibilities in thepolice department where he or she works hard to provide security tothe society. Director`s role is important in creating a relationshipbetween the department and the Society (San Francisco Communitypolicing, 2016).
Anotherstrategy used by San Francisco police department is the use ofbicycle officers, foot patrol officers, and School Resource Officers.These officers are the primary component for the SFDP’s communitypolicing strategy. The department has been working very hard toincrease the number of patrol officers offering services around thecity. The patrol officers move around the city creating a goodrelationship with the residents at the same time discussing thesecurity state of the place. The Beat Patrol officers walk around thecity, and sometimes they ride the bicycles where they have to serveforty different areas which the SFDP is in charge. School resourceofficers assist in creating a relationship between the policeofficers and schools around the city. School Resource officers areassigned to different specific schools where they work in partnershipwith the schools to enhance security (San Francisco policedepartment, 2010).
Thedepartment also has a training division whose work is to provideskills to new recruits joining the police force in the area and alsothose officers already in the service. SFPD provides the trainingthrough the recruit academy, field training, and also professionaltraining to the continuing police officers. The officers are trainedon methods used to deal with problems in the community, how to solveconflicts, building trust and many other skills. The training followsa Scan, Analyze, Response and Assessment (SARA) methodology. Newrecruits take a 20 hours training after which they can enter intocommunity policing. During the training, the officers are taught onhow to conduct themselves in the field during foot beat patrol.Officers are then put under 28 hours training on cultural competency.During recruitment, the department uses a broad range of recruitmentstrategies which help in getting the best-qualified candidates.Instructions and interpersonal communication are put in place toensure the success of community policing (San Francisco Communitypolicing, 2016).
Toenhance security, the police work in partnership with differentcommunity organizations like Safety Awareness for Everyone (SAFE) inSan Francisco, Community Partnership for Safer Neighborhoods (CPSN)and the Community Courts Program. SAFE works together with the policedepartment in teaching children on crime prevention. It also works intraining the people on ensuring that the neighborhood is safe andalso the environment is secure. CPSN creates a route through whichthe community members are empowered to engage in public safety. Thisprogram works to ensure security in the city through immediate orlong time planning. Therefore, different issues affecting the societycan be handled differently depending on the urgency. Community courtswork to strengthen the justice system. When addressing the problemsaffecting the community, the courts engage the residents, schools,churches and merchants so as to build the public trust (San FranciscoCommunity policing, 2016).
Atthe level of District Station, several community policing strategiesare employed to enhance public security. These plans includeassignment of Lieutenants at every District station where they offerleadership to the other officers. Also, the department organizes amonthly meeting at every district station to discuss the issuesregarding community policing correctly. In the meetings, the membersalso discuss the issues raised on the public and how to resolve them.District stations also collaborate with the community courts toensure justice is followed. Finally, district stations are involvedin charity works like visiting the homeless and drug addicts. Thoseaddicted to drugs are connected to community awareness services andcampaigns where they get the relevance education. The differentstations have different unique strategies which they use to promotecommunity policing (San Francisco Community policing, 2016).
Communitypolicing involve a collaboration between the police and the public inensuring that the community is free from criminal activities. SanFrancisco Police Department uses community policing as its primaryway of fighting crime. Even in its mission, SFPD wishes to works inpartnership with the community in crime prevention. SFPD has severalstrategies through which it ensures community policing is effective.These strategies include the appointment of a director who acts as amediator between the police department and the other organizationsinvolved in community policing. The department also uses foot beatpatrol police, bicycle police, and School Resource Officers who workaround the city to create a good relationship between the policedepartment and the community. SFPD uses powerful recruitmentstrategies to get the candidates for community policing. Thecandidates are trained for 20 hours to enter into community policingand other 28 hours for cultural competency. Meetings are also held atdistrict stations to enhance community policing. By following theabove strategies, San Francisco can fight crime through communitypolicing.
Miller,Linda S., Kären M. Hess, and Christine MH Orthmann. CommunityPolicing: Partnerships for problem-solving. Nelson
ofSan Francisco (pp. 2-4). San Francisco: DR. Carlton B. Goodlet.Education, 2013.
SanFrancisco police department, (2016). City and County
SanFrancisco Police Department, (2010). San Francisco community policing(pp. 2-5). San Francisco.