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Smartphone Addiction, Cause and Effect

SmartphoneAddiction, Cause and Effect

SmartphoneAddiction, Causes and Effects

Theever-growing attractiveness and longing for smartphones is expandingby the minute. Trends that change at such a swift pace propel thedesire to buy these communication devices. Although the primaryreasons for purchasing smartphones are to connect with family andfriends, online education among teenagers, and safety duringemergencies among others, the use of the devices have often ended upin addiction. It has been validated that individuals who incessantlyutilize smartphones get addicted, and that is not a good attributefor the use of such products. The setting in of addiction isindicative of the fact that the person can no longer avoid looking athis or her device even at the most unsuitable place such as in achurch. This essay delves to explain the causes and effects ofsmartphones addiction in the present society.

Causesof Addiction

Thereare several reasons related to smartphone addiction in the currentworld. Salehan &amp Negahban (2013) argued that individuals may beunaware or in refutation of the potential impacts of smartphoneaddiction, and that makes people overuse their devices withoutnoticing it is culminating in a serious problem. The second likelycause is the advances concerning technology, which has resulted inthe development of new phones that keep users attracted to and alwaysfocusing on the products. Besides, the work setting is also on theconstant change, with technology applied in virtually everyprofession, and that makes it easier for individuals to becomeaddicted to the smartphones they possess. Consequently, they come toreality with the fact that they can do things they couldn’t doearlier using their smartphones, practices they end up executing insome unusual locations such as in the church. More attached to theaddiction is the innovation or introduction of social media platformssuch as the Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Hence, the moderngroups of youths, termed as the human of the technology era, areoften glued to their phone, chatting and sharing videos and pictureswith their friends online. They may extend such actions to, say, inthe shower room, and that is a pointer to how addicted an individualcan be to his or her smartphone (Bian &amp Leung, 2015). However,there are many adverse effects related to smartphone addiction, andthese are as discussed below:

Effectsof Addiction

First,those who are addicted to their smartphones usually end up with badwork habits, which are characterized by the continuous use of thedevices even during the vital moments of office duties. However, theetiquette at the workplace is against excessive utilization of phonesat the expense of serving clients. Unfortunately, some individualsuse most of their office time to text and mail their friends throughsmartphones. Nonetheless, many complaints emerge concerning thequality of service output by such persons, who go to the extent ofignoring their customers while using the phones. In tandem with that,the employers have often faced higher probabilities of losing theclienteles. However, it is contrasting that even a section of thecustomers fail to observe the etiquette while in an office (Salehan &ampNegahban, 2013). Some go the extra miles of entering an office withheadphones on! Evidently, therefore, smartphone addiction has notonly threatened to lower the productivity and profitability oforganizations, but has made office interactions very informal andintolerable.

Theadverse effects of smartphone addiction also confront the educationsector. Hawi &amp Samaha (2016) asserted that the trainees who carrytheir devices in the classroom spend a better proportion of theircoursework time texting and browsing the website instead of focusingon what the teacher discusses. That has led to increased low-levelperformance by individual learners and schools at large. Moreover,some students spend most of their sleeping hours at night to linkwith friends, or to watch videos via smartphones. Hence, they looksleepy and inattentive in class, and with poor memories which onlymanifests through poor test scores. Furthermore, other learners liketo play games found in the smartphones. Mostly, they dodge classesand assignments to have time playing such games, and that hasnegatively affected the performance of schools and students in thecurrent era of technology (Hawi &amp Samaha, 2016).

Third,the use of smartphones has resulted in a loss of creativity. That isbecause its constant application has spared no time for the mind toreflect and conceive new ideas. Rather, phone addicts have theirminds utterly focused on the device’s screen. Not only has thecreativity of the mind been impacted negatively, but also verbalcommunication. In the workplaces, the staffs have perfected thepractice of communicating through smartphones, specifically bytexting colleagues. Regrettably, even the administrators are engagingthe same communication approach to relay important issues to theiremployees. Nevertheless, the traditional physical interactions havebecome minimal, and that has led to the impairment of verbalcommunication (Hartanto &amp Yang, 2016).

Additionally,an extended attachment to phones also presents adverse outcomes onthe economy, with a majority of individuals spending most of the timein the social media instead of focusing on their work. Earnestly, ifthe workers devote more time performing office-related roles, it ispossible to add more value to the economy. However, with the adventof the smartphones, most people have inclined to chat and caring lessabout work. Hence, a significant proportion of the workforce does notcomplete duties within schedules, and the quality of work is alsopoor due to smartphone addiction (Hartanto &amp Yang, 2016).

Besides,several road accidents have occurred due to smartphone addiction.Most drivers with such devices text while driving, and are in theoblivion of the risks that accompany such acts they only realize thedangers once an accident has taken place (Cho, Choi &amp Goo, 2014).That is a disheartening situation, as it is unbearable to see peoplelose their lives due to mere phone addiction, which is otherwiseavoidable if one can choose to focus on a single issue at a time.

Smartphoneaddiction has also led to undesirable results on the social lives ofthe victims. Many persons prefer to engage their phones at theexpense of physical associations with their friends some disregardothers to create more time with their smartphones. In tandem withthat, Bian &amp Leung (2015) argued that the social bonds havedegenerated and individuals live lonely with their only companionbeing the smartphone they prefer to have all the time. Similarly,marriages have often collapsed due to the lack of attention by one ofthe couples who is too obsessed with his or her phone to attend tothe partner. Furthermore, there is a growing state of disconnectionbetween parents and their children because the former category spendsmore time on smartphone than nurturing the juveniles (Bian &ampLeung, 2015). Hence, such children dissociate from socialization, andthat has been detrimental to their cognitive abilities atschool-going ages they don’t have the desire to read textbooks ortalk with friends but rather, to acquire a smartphone and do thedigital texting and games.

Aboveall, some adverse health outcomes are attributed to the use of thesmartphones. The first relates to the problem of shortsightedness,which results when one spends too much time staring at the phonescreen over a short distance. Unfortunately, that is the trend amongthe phone addicts who spend long hours browsing and chatting in thesocial media the incidences of vision problems are, therefore, onthe rise, and are commonly diagnosed as screen sightedness. Inaddition, those who are attached to their phones, because theyusually use headphones, are also at risk of suffering impairment withrespect to hearing. Such individuals adjust volumes to beyond therecommended sound frequencies. That has negative effects such ascausing tinnitus, damaging the hair cells meant to perceive soundwaves, and with the highest probability of becoming deaf if thebehavior is not contained (Acharya, Acharya &amp Waghrey, 2013).Furthermore, smartphone addiction leads to dizziness because suchindividuals do not give their brains time to relax even after hardwork they often suffer from headaches. To the worst, the use ofthese gadgets at uncontrolled rates may also result in brain tumors,with the causative factor being the radiations from the screens ofthe phones. With the tumors in place, one may report more cases ofmigraines, mild headaches, Parkinsonism, and insomnia. All theseoutcomes have devastating consequences on a person’s quality oflife (Acharya etal.,2013). Finally, the use of the smartphones has also led to less focuson hygiene by the addicts they do not care to know how dirty thetouchscreens are but rather, to browse and chat. In actuality,researches have shown that the smartphone screens are occupied bythousands of pathogenic microbes, including bacteria and viruses.Once an individual touches the screens, he or she ends up engulfingthe microbes during feeding due to a failure to wash hands beforeeating, or after using the phone (Acharya etal.,2013).


Smartphonesare quality devices which make life full of fun. However, their wronguse, due to addiction, has culminated in a variety of problems asenvisaged in the above discussion. Therefore, it is imperative forthe smartphone users to be aware of the consequences of excessiveattachment to the gadgets so that they can avoid any such incidences.However, with the technological and innovative advances of thedigital era, it will be constraining to cure phone addiction.


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Bian,M., &amp Leung, L. (2015). Linking loneliness, shyness, smartphoneaddiction symptoms, and patterns of smartphone use to socialcapital.&nbspSocialScience Computer Review,&nbsp33(1),61-79.

Cho,S. H., Choi, M. H., &amp Goo, B. O. (2014). Effect of smart phoneuse on dynamic postural balance.&nbspJournalof physical therapy science,&nbsp26(7),1013.

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Hawi,N. S., &amp Samaha, M. (2016). To excel or not to excel: Strongevidence on the adverse effect of smartphone addiction on academicperformance.&nbspComputers&amp Education,&nbsp98,81-89.

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